WHY DO THE STRONG QUIT? CAUSES OF COUNTERINSURGENT WITHDRAWAL DURING OVERSEAS INSURGENCIES

In the twentieth century, weak actors used guerrilla warfare in attempts to expel
much stronger foreign forces from their territory with mixed success. This often occurred
in European colonial empires as subject peoples sought independence. In such
insurgencies or small wars, seldom can weaker actors ever hope to militarily vanquish the
strong‘s forces. The weaker power must instead convince the strong power to quit the
fight, for until the strong power decides to withdraw its forces, the weak has not won.
My question is what causes a strong power, faced with an insurgency in a distant
territory, to throw in the towel, withdrawing its forces and making terms with the
insurgents?

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