The Bilderberg Group, Bilderberg conference, or Bilderberg Club is an annual, unofficial, invitation-only conference of approximately 140 guests, most of whom are people of influence in the fields of politics, banking, business, the military and news media. The names of attendees are made available to the press, but the conferences are closed to the public and the media, and no press releases are issued.
Because of its exclusivity and privacy, the Bilderberg group is frequently accused by conspiracy theorists from both extremes of the political spectrum of being an all-powerful secret society fixing the fate of the world behind closed doors. Critics of Bilderberg conspiracy theories counter that it is nothing more than a policy discussion forum and social club which only serves as a means to brainstorm, reach consensus, and create social cohesion within the power elite of Western European and North American nations, to better promote Atlanticism and a neoliberal form of globalization.
2 Organisational structure
2.1 Chairmen of the Steering Committee
3.1 European Union
4 Claims of political conspiracy
5 Recent meetings
6 See also
8 Further reading
9 External links
The original conference was held at the Hotel de Bilderberg, near Arnhem in the Netherlands, from 29 May to 31 May 1954. It was initiated by several people, including Polish politician Józef Retinger, concerned about the growth of anti-Americanism in Western Europe, who proposed an international conference at which leaders from European countries and the United States would be brought together with the aim of promoting Atlanticism – better understanding between the cultures of the United States and Western Europe to foster cooperation on political, economic, and defense issues. Retinger approached Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands, who agreed to promote the idea, together with Belgian Prime Minister Paul Van Zeeland, and the head of Unilever at that time, Dutchman Paul Rijkens. Bernhard in turn contacted Walter Bedell Smith, then head of the CIA, who asked Eisenhower adviser Charles Douglas Jackson to deal with the suggestion. The guest list was to be drawn up by inviting two attendees from each nation, one of each to represent conservative and liberal points of view. Fifty delegates from 11 countries in Western Europe attended the first conference, along with 11 Americans.
The success of the meeting led the organizers to arrange an annual conference. A permanent Steering Committee was established, with Retinger appointed as permanent secretary. As well as organizing the conference, the steering committee also maintained a register of attendee names and contact details, with the aim of creating an informal network of individuals who could call upon one another in a private capacity. Conferences were held in France, Germany, and Denmark over the following three years. In 1957, the first US conference was held in St. Simons, Georgia, with $30,000 from the Ford Foundation. The foundation supplied further funding for the 1959 and 1963 conferences.
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld in 1942.
Meetings are organized by a steering committee with two members from each of approximately 18 nations. Official posts, in addition to a chairman, include an Honorary Secretary General. There is no such category in the group’s rules as a “”member of the group. The only category that exists is “member of the Steering Committee“. In addition to the committee, there also exists a separate advisory group, though membership overlaps.
Dutch economist Ernst van der Beugel became permanent secretary in 1960, upon Retinger’s death. Prince Bernhard continued to serve as the meeting’s chairman until 1976, the year of his involvement in the Lockheed affair. The position of Honorary American Secretary General has been held successively by Joseph E. Johnson of the Carnegie Endowment, William Bundy of Princeton, Theodore L. Eliot, Jr., former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan, and Casimir A. Yost of Georgetown’s Institute for the Study of Diplomacy.
A 2008 press release from the American Friends of Bilderberg stated that “Bilderberg’s only activity is its annual Conference. At the meetings, no resolutions are proposed, no votes taken, and no policy statements issued” and noted that the names of attendees were available to the press. The Bilderberg group’s unofficial headquarters is the University of Leiden in the Netherlands.
According to the American Friends of Bilderberg, the 2008 agenda dealt “mainly with a nuclear free world, cyber terrorism, Africa, Russia, finance, protectionism, US-EU relations, Afghanistan and Pakistan, Islam and Iran”.
Chairmen of the Steering Committee
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1954–1975)
Walter Scheel (1975–1977)
Alec Douglas-Home (1977–1980)
Eric Roll (1986–1989)
Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington (1990–1998)
Étienne Davignon (since 1998)
List of Bilderberg participants
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke leaving the 2008 Bilderberg Conference
Historically, attendee lists have been weighted towards bankers, politicians, and directors of large businesses.
Heads of state, including Juan Carlos I of Spain and Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, have attended meetings. Prominent politicians from North America and Europe are past attendees. In past years, board members from many large publicly-traded corporations have attended, including IBM, Xerox, Royal Dutch Shell, Nokia and Daimler.
The 2009 meeting participants in Greece included: Greek prime minister Kostas Karamanlis; Finnish prime minister Matti Vanhanen; Sweden foreign minister Carl Bildt; United States Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg; U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner; World Bank president Robert Zoellick; European Commission head José Manuel Barroso; Queen Sofia of Spain; and Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands.
In a European Parliament session in Brussels, Mario Borghezio, an Italian member of the European Parliament, questioned the nominations of Bilderberg and Trilateral attendees for the posts of EU President and EU foreign minister.
In 2009 the group had a dinner meeting at Castle of the Valley of the Duchess in Brussels on 12 November with the participation of Herman Van Rompuy, who later became the President of the European Council.
Claims of political conspiracy
According to chairman Étienne Davignon, a major attraction of Bilderberg group meetings is that they provide an opportunity for participants to speak and debate candidly and to find out what major figures really think, without the risk of off-the-cuff comments becoming fodder for controversy. However, because of its privacy and refusal to issue news releases, the Bilderberg group is frequently accused of political conspiracies. This outlook has been popular on both extremes of the ideological spectrum, even if they disagree on what the group wants to do. Left-wingers accuse the Bilderberg group of conspiring to impose capitalist domination, while some right-wing groups such as the John Birch Society have accused the group of conspiring to impose a world government and planned economy.
For decades, the exclusive roster of globally influential figures who attend Bilderberg conferences has captured the interest of an international network of conspiracists, who are convinced powerful elites and secret societies are moving the planet toward a “new world order”. Their populist worldview, characterized by a deep and angry suspicion of the ruling class rather than any prevailing partisan or ideological affiliation, is widely articulated on overnight AM radio shows and a collection of Internet websites. The video sharing website YouTube alone is home to thousands of Bilderberg-related videos.
Proponents of Bilderberg conspiracy theories in the United States include individuals and groups such as the John Birch Society, political activist Phyllis Schlafly, writer Jim Tucker, political activist Lyndon LaRouche, radio host Alex Jones, and politician Jesse Ventura, who made the Bilderberg group a topic of a 2009 episode of his TruTV series Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura. Other proponents include Russian-Canadian writer Daniel Estulin, and British writer David Icke.
In 2001, Denis Healey, a Bilderberg group founder and, for 30 years, a steering committee member, said:
To say we were striving for a one-world government is exaggerated, but not wholly unfair. Those of us in Bilderberg felt we couldn’t go on forever fighting one another for nothing and killing people and rendering millions homeless. So we felt that a single community throughout the world would be a good thing.
In 2005 Davignon discussed these accusations with the BBC:
It is unavoidable and it doesn’t matter. There will always be people who believe in conspiracies but things happen in a much more incoherent fashion… When people say this is a secret government of the world I say that if we were a secret government of the world we should be bloody ashamed of ourselves.
In a 1994 report Right Woos Left, published by Political Research Associates, investigative journalist Chip Berlet argued that right-wing populist conspiracy theories about the Bilderberg group date back as early as 1964 and can be found in Schlafly’s self-published book A Choice, Not an Echo, which promoted a conspiracy theory in which the Republican Party was secretly controlled by elitist intellectuals dominated by members of the Bilderberger group, whose internationalist policies would pave the way for world communism.
In August 2010 former Cuban president Fidel Castro wrote an article for the Cuban Communist Party newspaper Granma in which he cited Estulin’s 2006 book The Secrets of the Bilderberg Club, which, as quoted by Castro, describes “sinister cliques and the Bilderberg lobbyists” manipulating the public “to install a world government that knows no borders and is not accountable to anyone but its own self.”
G. William Domhoff, a research professor in psychology and sociology who studies theories of power, sees the role of policy discussion forums and social clubs such as the Bilderberg group as being nothing more than a means to brainstorm, reach consensus, and create social cohesion within a power elite. He adds that this understanding of forums and clubs such as the Bilderberg group fits with the perceptions of the members of the elite. In a 2004 interview with New Internationalist magazine, Domhoff warns progressives against getting distracted by conspiracy theories which demonize and scapegoat such forums and clubs. He argues that the opponents of progressivism are conservatives within the corporate elite and the Republican Party. It is more or less the same people who belong to forums and clubs such as the Bilderberg group, but it puts them in their most important roles, as capitalists and political leaders, which are visible and therefore easier to fight.
: List of Bilderberg meetings
Wikileaks has reportedly published minutes from meetings of the Bilderberg group.
2005 (5–8 May) at the Dorint Sofitel Seehotel Überfahrt in Rottach-Egern, Germany
2006 (8–11 June) at the Brookstreet Hotel in Kanata, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
2007 (31 May–3 June) at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel, in ?i?li, Istanbul, Turkey.
2008 (5–8 June) at the Westfields Marriott in Chantilly, Virginia, United States
2009 (14–16 May) at the Astir Palace resort in Athens, Greece
2010 (3–7 June) at the Hotel Dolce in Sitges, Spain
2011 (9-12 June) at the Hotel Suvretta House in St. Moritz, Switzerland
Trilateral Commission, established by David Rockefeller in 1972 after the Bilderberg Group refused to include Japan.
What is the ENDGAME?
The following is a list of prominent persons who have attended one or more conferences organized by the Bilderberg Group. The list is currently organized by category. It is not a complete list and it includes both living and deceased people. Where known, the year(s) they attended are denoted in brackets.
2.1 United States
2.2 United Kingdom
2.2.1 Prime Ministers
2.17 EU Commissioners
4 Financial institutions
5 Major corporations
6 University, institute and other academic
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld in 1942.
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (1997, 2000, 2006, 2008-2010)
Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (1954, 1975) (deceased)
Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, United Kingdom (1986)
Juan Carlos I of Spain, King of Spain (2004)
Prince Philippe, Prince of Belgium (2007-2009)
Prince Phillip, Duke of Edinburgh, United Kingdom (1965, 1967)
Queen Sofía of Spain (2008-2010)
King Harald V of Norway (1984
George W. Ball (1954, 1993),Under Secretary of State 1961-1968, Ambassador to U.N. 1968
Sandy Berger (1999), National Security Advisor, 1997–2001
Timothy Geithner(2009), Treasury Secretary
Lee H. Hamilton (1997), former US Congressman
Christian Herter, (1961, 1963, 1964, 1966), 53rd United States Secretary of State
Charles Douglas Jackson (1957, 1958, 1960), Special Assistant to the President
Joseph E. Johnson[ (1954), President Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Henry Kissinger (1957, 1964, 1966, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1977, 2008), 56th United States Secretary of State
Colin Powell (1997), 65th United States Secretary of State
Lawrence Summers, Director of the National Economic Council
Paul Volcker[when?], Chair of the President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board and Chairman of the Federal Reserve from 1979–1987
Roger Altman (2009), Deputy Treasury Secretary from 1993–1994, Founder and Chairman of Evercore Partners
Bill Clinton (1991),President 1993-2001
Gerald Ford (1964, 1966), President 1974-1977 (deceased)
John Edwards (2004),Senator from North Carolina 1999-2005
Chuck Hagel (1999, 2000),Senator from Nebraska 1997-2009
Sam Nunn (1996, 1997), Senator from Georgia 1972-1997
Rick Perry (2007), Governor of Texas 2000-current
Mark Sanford (2008), Governor of South Carolina
Rt Hon the Baroness Shirley Williams ( at least 2010), stateswoman and member, House of Lords; Harvard University Professor; Past President, Chatham House; int’l member, Council on Foreign Relations.
Paddy Ashdown (1989), former leader of Liberal Democrats, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ed Balls (2006), former Economic Secretary to the Treasury and advisor to British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and was Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families (2007–2010)
Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington (Steering Committee member) , former Foreign Secretary
Kenneth Clarke (1993,1998,1999, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1993-1997, Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform 2008-2010, Lord Chancellor, Secretary of State for Justice 2010-current
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil (Viscount Cranborne) (1997), Leader of the House of Lords 94-97
Denis Arthur Greenhill, Lord Greenhill of Harrow (deceased) (1974), former Head of Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Denis Healey (founder and Steering Committee member), former Chancellor of the Exchequer
Peter Mandelson (1999, 2009 Business Secretary (2008–2010)
John Monks (1996),former TUC General Secretary
George Osborne (2006, 2007, 2008 2009) Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer (2004–2010), Chancellor of the Exchequer 2010-current
David Owen (1982), former British Foreign Secretary and leader of the Social Democratic Party
Enoch Powell, (deceased) (1968), MP and Ulster Unionist
Malcolm Rifkind (1996),former Foreign Secretary
Eric Roll (1964, 1966, 1967, 1973–1975, 1977–1999) (Bilderberg Steering Committee),Department of Economic Affairs, 1964, later Bilderberg Group Chairman
David Hannay, Baron Hannay of Chiswick (1995), Diplomatic posts at European Union and United Nations.
John Smith (1989) (deceased), Labour Party leader
Tony Blair (1993), Prime Minister 1997-2007
Gordon Brown (1991), Prime Minister 2007- 2010
Edward Heath, Prime Minister 1970-1974
Alec Douglas-Home (1977–1980), Chairman of the Bilderberg Group, Prime Minister 1963-1964
Margaret Thatcher (1975), Prime Minister 1979-1990
Paul-Henri Spaak, Former Prime Minister (1963) (deceased)
Kamov, Nikolai, Member of Parliament (1999)
Ruud Lubbers, Former Prime Minister
Wim Kok, Former Prime Minister
Jan-Peter Balkenende, Former Prime Minister
Maxime Verhagen, Minister
Gaston Defferre (1964), member of National Assembly and mayor of Marseille (at the time) (deceased)
Georges Pompidou, Former Prime Minister of France, Former President of the French Republic(deceased)
Francisco Pinto Balsemão (1981, 1983–1985, 1987–2008), former Prime Minister of Portugal, 1981–1983 and CEO of Impresa media group
Manuel Pinho (2009), former Minister of Economy and Innovation
José Sócrates (2004), current Prime Minister of Portugal
José Pedro Aguiar-Branco, former Minister of Justice
Santana Lopes (2004), former Prime Minister of Portugal
José Manuel Durão Barroso (1994, 2003, 2005), former Prime Minister of Portugal and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and current President of the European Commission
Nuno Morais Sarmento, former Minister of Presidency and Minister of Parliament Affairs
António Costa (2008), former Minister of Interior and current Mayor of Lisbon
Rui Rio (2008), current Mayor of Porto
Manuela Ferreira Leite (2009), former Minister of Education and Minister of Finance and Public Administration
Augusto Santos Silva, former Minister of Education, Minister of Culture, Minister of Parliament Affairs, and current Minister of National Defence
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (1998), former Minister of Parliament Affairs
António Guterres (1994), former Prime Minister of Portugal, former President of the Socialist International and current United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Ferro Rodrigues, former Minister of Labour and Social Solidarity and Minister of Public Works, Transport and Communications
Jorge Sampaio, former President of Portugal
Luís Mira Amaral (1995), former Minister of Labour and Social Solidarity, chairman of Caixa Geral de Depósitos and CEO of Banco Português de Investimento
Vítor Constâncio (1988),governor of the Banco de Portugal
Manuel Ferreira de Oliveira, CEO of Galp Energia
Ricardo Salgado, CEO of Banco Espírito Santo
Fernando Teixeira dos Santos (2010), currrent Minister of Finance
José Medeiros Ferreira (1977, 1980), former Minister of Foreign Affairs
Joaquim Ferreira do Amaral (1999),former Minister of Public Works, Transport and Communications
António Miguel Morais Barreto (1992),former Minister of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries
João Cravinho, former Minister for Environment, Spatial Planning and Regional Development
Artur Santos Silva, former vice-governor of the Banco de Portugal, chairman of Banco Português de Investimento and current non-executive chairman of Jerónimo Martins
Francisco Luís Murteira Nabo former chairman of Portugal Telecom, Minister of Public Works, Transport and Communications, and current chairman of Galp Energia and president of the Portuguese Economists Association
Siv Jensen (2006) Leader for The Norwegian political party, “Fremskrittspartiet”. (Progress Party (Norway))
Jens Stoltenberg (2002), current Prime Minister of Norway.
Kristin Clemet (1999, 2008) Managing Director of the liberal and conservative think tank Civita, Former Minister of Education and Science.
Geir Lundestad (2005)Director of the Norwegian Nobel institute and Secretary to The Nobel Peace Prize Committee.
Eero Heinäluoma (2006),former Chairman of the Finnish Social Democratic Party and he was the Minister of Finance between 2005 and 2007
Jyrki Katainen (2007, 2009),[chairman of Finnish National Coalition Party (Kokoomus) and the current Minister of Finance
Sauli Niinistö (1997),former Minister of Finance (Finland), Speaker of Parliament
Matti Vanhanen (2009), former Prime Minister, former chairman of Suomen Keskusta
Bjarni Benediktsson (1965, 1967, 1970),Mayor of Reykjavík 1940-47, Foreign Minister 1947-55, editor of The Morning Paper 1956-59, Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs 1959-63, Prime Minister 1963-70
Björn Bjarnaso (1974, 1977), Assistant editor of The Morning Paper 1984-1991, Minister of Education 1995-2002, Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs 2003, 2009
Davíð Oddsson(ca. 1991-1999), Mayor of Reykjavík 1982-1991, Prime Minister 1991-2004, Foreign Minister 2004-2005, Central Bank governor 2005-2009, editor of The Morning Paper as of September 2009
Einar Benediktsson (ca. 1970), ambassador: OECD 1956-60, UK 1982-1986, European Union et al. 1986-1991, NATO 1986-1990, United States et al. 1993-1997, etc
Geir Haarde,Central Bank economist 1977-1983, member and chairman of the Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee 1991-1998, Minister of Finance 1998-2005, Foreign Minister 2005-2006, Prime Minister 2006-2009
Geir Hallgrímsson(ca. 1974-1977, 1980), Mayor of Reykjavík 1959-72, Prime Minister 1974-78, Foreign Minister 1983-1986, Central Bank governor 1986-1990
Hörður Sigurgestsson,former CEO of shipping line Eimskip, former chairman and CFO of Icelandair
Jón Sigurðsson (1993), IMF Board of Directors 1974-1987, Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs 1987-88, Industry and Commerce 1988-93, Central Bank governor 1993-94, Nordic Investment Bank governor 1994-2005
Garret FitzGerald, former Taoiseach
Michael McDowell, former Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform
Peter Sutherland, Director General of the WTO and former Attorney General of Ireland
Angela Merkel (2010), German Chancellor
Guido Westerwelle (2007), Chairman of the Free Democratic Party of Germany and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Germany.
Helmut Schmidt, West German Chancellor
Józef Retinger (1954 to 1960), Founder and secretary of Bilderberg Group (deceased)
Pierre Elliott Trudeau,Prime Minister of Canada, 1968–1979, 1980–1984
Jean Chrétien (1996), Prime Minister of Canada, 1993–2003
Stephen Harper (2003), Prime Minister of Canada, 2006-current
Mike Harris,Premier of Ontario 1995-2002
Bernard Lord, Premier of New Brunswick 1999-2006
Paul Martin (1996), Prime Minister of Canada, 2003–2006
Frank McKenna (2006, 2010), Deputy Chair of TD Bank Financial Group, Canadian Ambassador to the United States 2005-2006, Premier of New Brunswick 1987-1997
Gordon Campbell (2010), Premier of British Columbia, 2001–Present
Heather Reisman 2000–Present
Carl Bildt (2006),(2008),(2009), Minister of Foreign Affairs 2006-
Anders Borg (2007), Minister of Finance 2006-
Thorbjörn Fälldin (1978),Prime Minister 1976-1978
Maud Olofsson (2008), Minister of Industry 2006-
Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006), Prime Minister 2006-
Mona Sahlin (1996), Head of the Swedish social democratic party 2007-
Werner Faymann (2009), Chancellor 2008–present
Heinz Fischer (2010), Federal President 2004-present
European Union Commissioners who have attended include:
Frederik Bolkestein (1996, 2003) former European Commissioner
Pascal Lamy (2003, 2010), former European Commissioner for Trade, Director-General of the World Trade Organization 2005–present
Peter Mandelson (1999), (2009), former European Commissioner for Trade 2004-2008
Pedro Solbes (2010),former European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, former Second Vice President of Spain, former Minister of Economy and Finance
Colin Gubbins (1955, 1957, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1966), head of the British SOE (deceased)
Lyman Lemnitzer (1963), Supreme Allied Commander NATO 1963-1969 (deceased)
Alexander Haig (1978),NATO Commander 1974-1979 (US Secretary of State 1981-1982) (deceased)
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer(2010), former Secretary General of NATO
Ben Bernanke (2008, 2009), Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve
Wim Duisenberg, former European Central Bank President (deceased)
Gordon Richardson,(1966, 1975) former Governor of the Bank of England (deceased)
William J McDonough (1997),former President, Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Jean-Claude Trichet (2009, 2010) President of the European Central Bank 2003-current
Paul Volcker (1982, 1983, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1992, 1997), former Chairman of the Federal Reserve
Siegmund Warburg (1977)(deceased)
Andreas Treichl (2009), CEO of Erste Bank
Rudolf Scholten (2010), Member of the Board of Executive Directors, Oesterreichische Kontrollbank AG
Percy Barnevik (1992–1996, 1997, 2001), former CEO of ASEA
Michel Bon, former CEO of France Telecom
Lord Browne of Madingley (1995, 1997, 2004), Chief Executive BP
Bill Gates (2010), Chairman of Microsoft
Eric Schmidt (2008, 2010), CEO and Chairman of Google
Donald E. Graham (2008-2010), CEO and Chairman of The Washington Post Company, Board of Directors for Facebook
Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., IBM Chairman
H. J. Heinz II (1954), CEO of H. J. Heinz Company (deceased)
André Lévy-Lang, (French) former CEO of Paribas
Jorma Ollila (1997, 2005, 2008), Chairman of Royal Dutch Shell and Nokia Corporation
Paul Rijkens (Dutch) Former Chairman of Unilever
Josef Ackermann (2010), CEO Deutsche Bank
Jürgen E. Schrempp (1994–1996, 1997), 1998, 1999, 2001–2005, 2006, 2007), former CEO of DaimlerChrysler
Hans Stråberg (2006), CEO of Electrolux
Peter Sutherland (1989–1996, 1997,2005), former Chairman of BP
Martin Taylor (1993–1996, 1997), former CEO, Barclays
Otto Wolff von Amerongen, Chairman Otto Wolff GmbH.
Jacob Wallenberg (2006), Chairman of Investor AB
University, institute and other academic
C. Fred Bergsten (1971, 1974, 1984, 1997),President, Peterson Institute
Thierry de Montbrial, Director of the Institut Français des Relations Internationales
Ross Blair (1999, 2003, 2008, 2010),Architect, INGSOC
Nicolas Beytout, (French) Editor of Le Figaro (France)
Conrad Black (1981, 1983, 1985–1996)(1997), Hollinger International, Inc.
William F. Buckley, Jr. (1996),columnist and founder of National Review (deceased)
Will Hutton(1997), former CEO of The Work Foundation and editor-in-chief for The Observer
Andrew Knight (1996), journalist, editor, and media baron
George Stephanopoulos (1996, 1997), Former Communications Director of the Clinton Administration (199
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Bilderberg_participants3–1996), now ABC News Chief Washington Correspondent
Peter Mansbridge (2010), Chief Correspondent, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Oscar Bronner (2010), Publisher and Editor, Der Standard