URBAN SURVIVAL SKILLS

Economic Collapse

What You Need To Know To Survive the Economic Collapse

Survive Anything Survival Guide

You will be glad you got it!

Urban Survival

The world currency collapse will occur either in 2015 or 2016. If not fully, then in large part. It’s serious and needs our undivided attention.

The Art of Urban Survival ———

66 things you can grow at home in containers without a garden!
‘The Economic Collapse Top 10 Survival List Below…

But before I begin my blog post on the economy collapse, just 1 caveat:

To survive the Financial Collapse, there really is one thing, if we do NO OTHER THING, that will save our butts. If we decide to pick up some Precious Metals (SILVER) for the coming collapse, we will be WAAAAY better off then had we allowed the systematic inflation to silently steal our wealth without ever showing a transaction on our bank statements. We’ll need proper Survival Planning but beyond anything else, any other message here on this site, I want you to really think about and contemplate and RESEARCH what this means, what I am saying. Please commit to doing that.

It may seem like I am just trying to plug my own gig and try and get you to by silver from me, and should you do so,Urban Survival great, I can then be compensated for the work I do getting this survival message out there, but if you don’t buy from me, buy from someone else, just buy silver please.

If you did nothing else this would be the 1 thing that could literally save you in deadly times ahead. And I’m deadly serious about it – take it from me, I’ve done hundreds of hours of research on this one topic and I encourage you to do the same so you know what I know.

I have one video to explain what silver can do for you and then the top 10 list of things you need to do in order to be prepared for the worst further down the page…

Can we Survive an all out Financial Collapse?
We can as long as we take this moment to educate ourselves about community, survival techniques, food and water storage, and silver.

The economic collapse (that being the entire collapse of our whole financial system) can be considered an event in its own right BUT the collective survival of that event would be an even greater event in my opinion.

However, global prosperity during the “economic collapse” event from a global standpoint will not occur. It cannot. Let me illustrate.

In fact the crisis itself will be picking up major steam in 2011 but the collapse may not be complete until late 2011 or early 2012. In the event of, say, total Economic Collapse , here’s what we would have to accomplish to prevail:

1. Majority global awakening to the corruption and the takeover of our economy, politics, and sovereignty
2. Banding together and forming masse protests against the government, the global elite, and the corporate and banking interests (the new world order) and
3. The deconstruction of that elite and a rebuilding of society based on basic human rights of freedom and the liberty to pursue happiness (and WITHOUT national debt, war, martial law, the federal reserve bank, hyperinflation, foreign debt, bailouts, etc…)

In the case this doesn’t happen so succinctly, there may still be lot’s we can do…

The beauty is, it can happen on a personal level, a family level, a neighborhood level, a community level and so on. This is what we must be aiming for. It will become imperative for survival that we turn off our TV’s and stop eating what the mainstream media is feeding us.

Is The System Too Big Too Fail? Economic Collapse Survival 2011

To survival we are going to have to initiate friendships with our neighbors, develop and maintain the relationships we already have with our families and friends so that we might benefit from the support of each other. People who network are going to have a far better survival rate.

There is no survival without this community support in dire times. One might make it alone but the likelihood is slim to none and very undesirable. We need each other. We need a survival list for our preparations.

Here are a few points of necessity for survival with respect to preparation and community building in this economic crisis. This will be your economic collapse survival guide as you prepare for disaster…

Top 10 Things To Do To Survive The Economic Collapse

1. Buying bullion like silver and gold in order to protect your own wealth is very wise. This should always be the case in economic survival scenarios where there is a crisis in the economy. While you are securing your position in precious metals, encourage your community to do so also. For, you will need a community that, not only has preserved it’s wealth, but is also able to maintain and preserve its liberty by not becoming dependent on the powers that would wish us ‘destitute and needy’ in order to establish its control and domination over us. I’ve heard from the highest sources that investing in silver in these unprecedented times will be THEE number 1 way to protect you and your family from total financial ruin – learn how buy silver. And Silver is too cheap to pass up right now. I highly recommend getting some now, even if only a few coins for now, while the getting remains good. Make sure you know WHICH FORMS of silver to get. You don’t want to buy a bunch of silver only to find that, in that critical moment, it isn’t going to help you like you expected it to.

2. Survival of Economic Collapse also dictates that we get educated, update our education, and help to educate others in our community about what can be done to get through it.Purchase survivalist books and guides (survival manuals). Keep this an ongoing project. In the great depression – community living was the key to survival. This will be the next great depression… but worse. Much worse.
3. Have a store of food rations for at least a year for yourself, your family, and your community if possible. Obviously take care of your family first but in the meantime, get out there in the community and help people wake up to the importance of getting prepared with non-perishable products (store-able food for food storage).This is where education comes in useful; an uneducated person will continue down the same path. An enlightened individual will make informed decisions during an emergency.

4. Keep being a beacon of light to your community. Find and share information: books, movies (video and DVDs, YouTube videos), websites, political forums, newsletters. You have a great resource in the movies section of this blog.
5. We must awaken to the global tyranny that is robbing us of our wealth and freedom. The inflation you are dealing with is a direct result of this tyranny – it steals our wealth and then our freedom. And in order to survive it and stop it, we must purchase silver. I know I hammer this point but it is that important. Let me paint a quick picture: The value of the dollar goes to zero. The middle class is robbed of their wealth. Society stops with all it’s functions: electricity, transportation, food shipment, etc… During this time people will be desperate and if you are not prepared, you’ll be one of ‘em. This will be a harsh time, temporary, but harsh. And the best way to avoid it is buy cheap silver and sell high. (HINT: when everybody and their dog wants silver and everybody knows how rare it is and it is at least $1000 per ounce, and there are line ups outside of coin shops, and there is none to be found anywhere, that’s when you, because YOU already HAVE your holdings, sell it all and buy real estate)
6. Get your survival gear in order – NOW. Disaster preparedness demands it. You can see a list of stuff you need in my Bug Out Bag article in the article section of this blog.
7. Be a good survivalist: Find a viable source of non-polluted water for your community. Without it you will die of thirst. This is an important criteria in survivalism as you may well be aware of but have you found one? Does your neighbor know where to get good clean water? What’s your plan? You must have this in place before the poverty in America and the world reaches its climax. Know in advance.
8. Get seeds for gardening – better yet, find a gardener in your community and make friends! Create mutually beneficial exchanges. Like, you provide the gardening space and the seeds in exchange for all the veggies you and they can eat.This is great security! (look into homesteading) Essentially, whatever skills you have, see if they would be useful in a survivalistic, self sufficient, community based scenario. If not, get seeds, lots of ‘em and I guarantee, in exchange for them, your community will take care of you.
9. Get an alternative energy source: solar power is a great one… and below is a link (click the banner just below) to see a VIDEO that explains how to get free energy from existing radio waves in the air… Think of the long term advantages. You may not need electricity but it can be very useful. AM/FM radios, lights, refrigeration, computers, etc…

10. Think of your safety. Self defense might come into play. Just something to think about. I care about the safety and welfare of my family and so this is one piece of the puzzle.


Survival of the Economic Collapse will require you to have your plan in action ahead of time. That means right now. Get your wealth put into precious metals. “IT’S THE ONLY MONEY YOU CAN RELY ON”. I cannot be any more clear than that. Consider the dollar as DEAD to you! (Remember the German Weimar? How it went to zero? This is no different. Actually it is because this time it’s global) Survival during Economic Collapse can be a reality if you choose to act now while there is still time. If yu don’t think this is happening, you better thing again. And again after that and wake up to the severity of it.

Now, I understand that some people don’t have a lot of money to invest in silver with. And for that reason, I’m providing a resource that can help you actually build up your Silver Eagle collection over time in this serious time of economic crisis. I don’t recommend that this be your only source of silver but it is a good one in addition to your regular purchases. It won’t be for everybody but for those of you who are looking for a fun and cheap way to get started and get some silver, this is a great resource that I myself am enjoying.

There is no greater feeling, when it comes to financial security, than knowing you got a nice stack of silver to offset any inflationary effects of the current economic meltdown. Knowing you’ll be safe from losing your wealth or your home, being 100% ready for the death of the dollar. Silver has increased in price over 300% in the last 5 years. It is important to know that, because of the demise of the dollar and the inevitable rise in inflation, having silver now, guarantees that you will be able to cash in BIG TIME in the not too distant future.


Suggested home emergency supply list…

Copy and paste it onto a clean Word document and print it out and complete the checklist:

Cooking and Cooking Supplies

? Camping Stove

? Extra fuel supply for stove (and matches!)

? Thick aluminum foil

? Complete dinner ware for whole family (plates, knives, forks, etc..)

? Minimum 2 pots with lids

? whistling kettle for boiling water

? Various utensils: 2 large spoons, spatula, tongs, knives, long necked forks

? Paper towels, oven mitts, paper towels

? A couple frying pans

? Paper plates for at least 2 weeks

? Portable water filter and some water purification tablets

? Cooking oil (make sure this doesn’t get rancid)

Tools and things

? Axe, shovel, hand saw

? Broom with dust-pan

? Hammer, some nails, pry-bar, screw-drivers

? 2 adjustable wrenches (one big, one small)

? Heavy gardening gloves

? Vice grips baby! (I love vice grips) and pliers (needle-nose and others)

? 100 feet of 1/4? rope (1/2? is good too – or both is better!)

? Duct tape (obviously 🙂

? Pen, pencil, pad (of paper)

? Camping lantern with extra fuel

? Cards, games, entertainment

Survival Gear

? Water: Important! one gallon per day per person

? First Aid kit with guide

? Food: Light weight, high nutrient content

? Manual can-opener

? Portable Radio: with extra batteries or get one that is crank powered

? Flashlights: have one per person with extra batteries or mechanically powered

? Medications (3 month’s supply)

? Fire-extinguisher

? Timepiece (watch and/or alarm clock)

? Don’t forget to provide food for your pets!

? Blankets! space blankets, sleeping bags, ground cloth, etc.. Must stay warm 🙂

? Himalean rock salt (lots of minerals in it) and your vitamins (rotate these every 3 months)

? Tent and/or shelter cover

? Candles, waterproof matches, fire starter

? Heavy-duty knife

Car/Bug-Out Bag

? Bottled water and canteen with water (storing in glass bottles is WAAAAAY better if you can)

? First Aid kit, including a FA guide

? Non perishable foodstuff

? A couple space blankets and sleeping bags

? Rain gear

? Sturdy boots and extra warm socks

? Extra sunglasses

? Change of clothes

? Pre-moistened towelettes

? Have gloves, a good warm hat and sun hat, a coat, and a sweater

? DO NOT FORGET your flash light with some extra batteries

? Basic set of tools, a rubber hose, a hammer and a pry-bar

? Portable fire-extinguisher

? Road-flares and maps

? Pad and pencil

? Money (oh ya, you never thought of that didja 🙂

Sanitation Gear

? Portable chemical-toilet

? Toilet paper (very important)

? Baby supplies if you have a baby

? Heavy duty garbage bags (so useful)

? Hand and dish soap

? Disinfectant: powder form to use on waste and hand sanitiser

? Pre-moistened towelettes

? Two 5 gallon buckets

? Large towel and hand towel per person

? Tooth brushes and floss

? Shampoo and toothpaste

? Medium size zip-lock bags for many uses

? Scrub brushes and pads for washing dishes

? 2 plastic wash tubs (for dishes and other uses)

http://www.economiccollapsesurvival.com/economic-collapse-2010/

Surviving Economic Collapse: Tips, Tactics, And Gear
Author: Contributing Author
– January 30th, 2010
Comments (33)
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This article has been generously contributed by Neithercorp Press for your reading pleasure.

Author: Giordano Bruno

Neithercorp Press – 01/26/2010

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A large part of our society operates on a disturbing assumption, a belief that has been driven into the very fabric of our culture for generations; the assumption that preparation for disaster is unnecessary because all will remain the same as it always has been.

This collective assumption exists in very few countries. South America, Africa, most of Asia, and even parts of Europe experience and even anticipate upheaval and catastrophe from time to time, not only in respect to mother nature (as recently occurred in Haiti), but also in terms of economics and social unrest. Many Americans have attempted not only to insulate themselves from such events, but to also insulate themselves from the very idea that such events could ever happen to them. The concept of hyperinflation, loss of utilities, loss of police protections, loss of infrastructure, loss of grocery outlets, is so outside their pre-programmed world view that to dare discuss these subjects is seen as “absurd” and “alien.”

While many Haitians would see the act of survival preparation as entirely practical (for numerous reasons), many Americans would become incredulous, jeering, as if they are above and beyond such concerns. This must change, and it must change quickly.

Over the past few years, there has been a strong broad based and growing movement that opposes such presumptive thinking, and has opted towards independence and self reliance. They are often called “survivalists,” usually lumped in with “conspiracy theorists,” in a derogatory fashion as if the term is disparaging. But what many of us have come to realize is that what the mainstream considers “rational” is usually anything but, and what they call “common sense” sometimes borders on the insane, for only a madman would label the logical act of preparation as “crazy,” especially in the face of so much economic uncertainty.

In this article we will discuss how to prepare for a wide-spectrum financial breakdown, as well as why it is absolutely necessary, not just to ensure ones own survival and ones own future, but the future of an ideal, and a way of life.
Survival Strategies

The fact is, there are as many strategies for survival as there are survivalists, although some survival “gurus” insist that their way is the ONLY way (I know, because I have dealt with them in the past). Keep in mind that there are very few set rules for survival that apply to everyone. Your personal survival strategy will depend on your unique circumstances and environment, and a true survival expert will recognize this immediately. Beware of anyone who claims they have the only solution, or who overtly boasts of their many survival skills and background qualifications. From my experience, real survivalists tend to be rather reserved and humble people with no interest in showboating their knowledge.

In this article, we will endeavor to give broad guidelines which can then be tailored to your specific circumstances. Our recommendations will not necessarily work for everyone.

When devising a survival strategy, we must take into account our surroundings and our supply options, but first, we must make an important decision; will we stay where we are, or will we have a “retreat” in a different location. This decision will greatly effect how you prepare for disaster. Let’s explore theses two options carefully…

Staying On The Home-Front:

In order to stay at home, we should consider our circumstances.

Do you own your home, or do you rent? If you rent, then you may have little control over your property and what happens on it, which means you may want to consider the retreat option instead.

Is your home in the midst of a large population center? If it is, then there may be considerable danger in the event of an economic collapse. Urban survival is definitely possible, but follows different guidelines and involves dangers not covered in most survival manuals. If you are not confident in your ability to stay safe in a populous area, you may want to use a retreat away from the city.

Is your home highly visible to others, or is it set in dangerous terrain? If your terrain makes you vulnerable, or your home sits on the very top of a hill for everyone to see, then you may want to consider a separate retreat.

If your home does not suffer from any of these setbacks, then you will have many advantages in staying put. First, because it is where you have probably lived for quite some time, you will know your surroundings inside and out. It is much easier to protect yourself from unwanted intruders if you have intimate knowledge of the terrain, and familiarity breeds confidence, which is incredibly important for survival. It is also much easier to stockpile goods, rig an alternative power source, and fortify your building as well as your land over time.

Another advantage to staying at home is that if you have been doing your job correctly and informing your friends and trusted neighbors of the collapse, then you will have allies and with them safety in numbers. Not to mention, the ability to combine resources with those who have also been preparing.

Planning For Retreat:

A retreat is a place away from your home environment that provides greater security and less visibility, or greater resources such as edible plant life, animal life, and water. A retreat could be almost anywhere; a forest cabin, an old tunnel structure, a carefully hidden RV, or simply a mountain range you hike every summer. Sometimes the best places are right under our noses. Abandoned farmland for instance would make an excellent retreat because it has already been tilled, planted at one time (which often produces random plant food sources long after the land is abandoned), and is normally surrounded with game. The most important consideration is that you choose the location far in advance of collapse and plan accordingly.

The disadvantages of a retreat include; a possible lack of terrain familiarity, the inability to fortify the area over time because of its remoteness, the inability to store ample goods on site for fear of theft (you would be required to bring most of your survival goods with you at the time of collapse), and the fact that you will have to get to the location without incident.

All of these problems can be overcome with good planning and a little foresight.
Survival Food And Gear

Again, the supplies we choose to stock will greatly depend on which path we have decided on; Home Front, or Retreat.

Staying at home gives you the advantage of larger stock, heavier equipment, and more permanent utility solutions. Here are some recommendations for food and gear that lend themselves to the Home Front option.

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Home Front Foods

When staying at home, one does not have to worry so much about the weight and volume of goods stored, so bulk food items are an excellent option. When making food purchases, always take into account nutritional value and calorie levels. Although we have been taught that high calorie and fat intake are “bad,” in a survival situation, storable foods with high calories are actually good! Fats most especially will be at a premium, and are required by your body to function properly. Also keep in mind that most wild game tends to be lean, and low in fat, so do not count on hunting alone to provide what you need.

A good rule of thumb for calorie intake is the same rule used by athletes when losing or maintaining weight; check your weight then multiply it by ten. If you weigh 200 pounds, this means you will need at least 2000 calories just for your body to remain healthy in an inactive state. If constantly active (which is likely) you will need more than 2000 calories to remain in good health. Never scoff at calorie counting, it may save your life. For home storage I would recommend at minimum a one year supply of food. Stocking more, especially for trade, would be preferable.

Here are just a few great food items that can help to fill your calorie and nutritional requirements.

Canned Goods, Jarred Goods: Canned goods are a given for the Home Front strategy, but rotation is necessary, and storing for more than two years is not a good idea.

Hard Red Wheat: Hard red wheat if dried properly can be stored for up to 30 years. It can be boiled and eaten, or if you have a grain mill, ground up and used to make bread products. Great source of calories and nutrition.

Rice: Easily stored, and a little goes a long way.

Beans: Takes a long time to cook, but when combined with rice, they provide a full protein in the advent that meat is not available.

Nuts, Trail Mix: Almonds, Walnuts, Peanuts etc., provide a high amount of fats and are also very good for you.

Honey: Honey is an incredible food source. Sugars are extremely important in one’s diet and honey has ample amounts, as well as being far easier to store than normal table sugar, because unlike table sugar, honey kills bacteria.

Non-Instant Powdered Milk: Good source of fat, calcium, and amino acids. I am told non-instant tastes better than instant.

Salt: Your body must have salt, period.

Spices, Soup Bases: Spices are comfort food, but in a survival situation, we all might need a little comfort. Also, spices help make some wild game more palatable.

Water: Having your own land opens the possibility of a well, using your roof and gutters as a water collection tool, and with a little investment even a personal pond or lake. Filtration is the key. Stocking up on pumps that filter out bacteria would be essential. Boiling water also works, but remember, it doesn’t remove silt and heavy metals, and it can waste fuel.

The above foods when stored properly will provide you with the basic nutrition your body needs. They can then be supplemented with a garden, wild edible plants, and game.

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Home Front Gear

Staying at home opens up many options as far as gear is concerned. Here are some ideas that Home Front people can use to their advantage:

Electricity: Men often romanticize about roughing it in the wilds or returning to a state of primal caveman-ness, but really, life without electricity is very difficult, especially if you have a family, and it removes many advantages from your survival playbook. Go to Africa and see if the people there without simple electric lighting romanticize their situation. Many items that give you an edge in survival require electricity, the most important being refrigeration. Gas generators can help, but are limited by the amount of gasoline you can acquire. Large quantities of gas are also difficult to store. For those staying home, I highly recommend setting up a solar power system. They are not as expensive as you might imagine, once set up the energy is free and never runs out, and you will be completely independent from the grid, making you free from the effects of power outages.

If you live in the plains or in high wind areas, windmill power is also available at reasonable prices for the homeowner.

Water Generators: With solar power comes limitless energy. Add an atmospheric water generator like those produced by Ecolo Blue, and you now have unlimited clean water:

Ecolo Blue

This may be initially more expensive, but over the long run you will be so far ahead of the game you will wonder why you ever agonized over spending your fiat paper money.

Surveillance Cameras: While we generally think of these as being globalist tools of control, they can be put to an honorable purpose on the Home Front. Having solar and wind power gives you the option of security perimeters, alarms, even cameras which can alert you to intrusion. This may seem a bit “over the top” to some, but only because they are thinking in terms of the way the world is now. Think in terms of how the world will probably be after a severe economic downturn. Study other countries in history who suffered similar fates, including the Weimar Republic, Argentina, Zimbabwe, etc. People often had to take their safety into their own hands in the face of a completely chaotic social landscape. Every opportunity for advantage (within the bounds of conscience) should be taken.

Lumber, Construction Tools: The kinds of things you would never be able to carry with you to a retreat are readily available to those staying at home as long as you plan ahead of time. Good fresh lumber may be difficult to find unless one wants to take the risk of scavenging away from his property. Having a supply set aside could help in buttressing walls, building barricades, repairing fencing, animal pens, animal traps, making items for trade etc. The need for sturdy tools is self explanatory.

Now that we’ve discussed the particular benefits of staying at home, we will go over the retreat scenario and its particular quirk

Retreat Foods

The retreat situation requires a very strong sense of efficiency and the ability to discern the necessary from the less necessary. Weight and versatility of goods will be extremely important, especially if your retreat is a piece of land without any preexisting structures. You will have to think carefully on what you can carry and what you can load into your vehicle. The allure of the retreat strategy is the option of mobility. You will not be tied down to one place, and thus you will not be betting the entire game on a single hand. You can even have several backup retreat locations staked out in the event that you must pick up and leave one. However, in order to do this, you must maintain agility and speed.

Food is heavy, and six monts to a years worth of food is very heavy. So, how do you cope? There are several methods…

Freeze Dried Foods: Freeze dried foods are an excellent alternative in a number of ways. They are very light, and only require boiling water to prepare. They usually have ample salts, fats, sugars, and proteins, and the packages contain calorie data, which means you won’t have to spend as much time keeping track of nutrition essentials. I highly recommend a large stock of these meals if you plan to be on the move.

Protein Bars: Protein bars contain a high amount of calories (usually 200-300) in a very small package. They also sometimes have decent vitamin and enzyme content. A great option for the retreatist.

Beef Jerky: Stores well. Survival situations are strenuous and drain the body of energy. The protein and iron content of meat are helpful in maintaining body strength. Jerky also has high salt content, and gives you that satisfying feeling of “fullness.”

Chocolate: We all know that chocolate bars have a lot of fat and sugar, but for our purposes this is actually a very good thing. One Snickers Bar for instance has around 270 calories, 13 grams of fat, and 28 grams of sugar. I wouldn’t recommend living on them, but they do provide a small meal’s worth of energy in a tiny bar.

Vitamins: You may not have easy access to fruits and some vegetables. A good multivitamin can keep you from wasting away or getting scurvy (this is not a joke. You don’t have to be a pirate to get scurvy from lack of vitamins).

Because the retreatist cannot take a large supply of food with him, he will be far more dependent on what he can use off the land. A small book on wild edible plants would be invaluable. Surveying the area you plan to retreat to would be a good idea, so that you may identify what plants and game will be available to you when you finally have to set up camp. You don’t have to become a horticulturalist, but being able to identify at least a few safe greens could make the difference between staying healthy and placing the mechanics of your body in serious danger.

I would like to make another suggestion as far as food is concerned and it may sound rather odd at first. But, if you see the signs of collapse unfolding and you know the event is near, why not go to the store and pick up some extra fatty foods? Eating more than usual just before a collapse could help you to build up some extra fat stores before the event, which can act as a cushion (literally and figuratively) when your diet suddenly goes into survival mode. I’m not saying we should all get fat quick, but after a collapse you may not have another chance to gorge yourself for a while. Something to keep in mind…

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Retreat Gear

The retreatist has to be a master of adaptation. Some gear he might like to have would just not be possible to transport, so he has to make due, or come up with workable and clever alternatives. Here are some examples of gear that may be very helpful to the unique situation of the retreatist.

Electricity: Even the retreatist has items that require batteries and electricity, items he would rather not be without. Two way radios, emergency short wave radios, flashlights, rangefinders, maybe even nightvision. But what happens when the batteries run out? Bringing a lot of extra batteries would add a lot of weight, and they can run out quickly. Some people planning for retreat may forgo all electronics, but I’ve found a better solution; highly portable and durable solar panels much like those used in the military from a company called Brunton:

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The solar panels fold up into a small binder-like package, they are very hard to damage, and are extremely light. The system comes with multi-adaptors that allow you to charge any device, and when combined with a portable battery pack (also offered by Brunton), you can store energy all day if needed and never run out of power. This device along with a portable battery charger and good rechargeable batteries would allow you to use your electronics indefinitely without constantly having to scavenge or trade for new batteries. You can order directly from Brunton, but buying from Amazon and E-bay instead could save you hundreds of dollars.

Water: Carrying a large supply of water is just not practical for the retreatist. The general rule is you need 1 liter of water for every 1000 calories your body expends. If you are very active, you will probably expend at least 3000 calories per day, which means drinking 3 liters of water daily. Loading up enough water into your vehicle for even a month may be unrealistic, and impossible if you are hiking to your location. The most reliable solution to get water that doesn’t taste completely vile is to purchase a portable water filtration system like those made by Katadyn.

Katadyn filters can make even the most stagnant pond water safe for drinking. Of course, packing a roll of strong garbage bags (yard work bags are best) will also be necessary to build makeshift rainwater collection units, or a poncho can be used to the same purpose.

Portable Stove: Learning the ins and outs of campfire cooking is a must for the retreatist, but a campfire may not always be a good option, especially if you want to avoid being seen from five miles away (cooking under overhanging tree branches can help disperse smoke, but even this may not be enough sometimes). Having a decent portable stove can solve this issue. There are two that I personally suggest; the first is the Coleman Multifuel Stove.

This stove runs on Coleman fuel, unleaded gasoline, and kerosene. This gives you a wide range of fuel sources which helps when certain fuels are hard to find. The drawback of course is that you have to carry around a stock of fuel, which will eventually run out. Another stove has been recommended to me which solves this problem; the Bush Buddy Stove.

The Bush Buddy burns anything, including twigs and grass, and is designed to contain and re-circulate the heat created. I have not yet used it myself, but I have heard only good things, and I believe it is the best possible option for the retreatist. You would never have to worry about a fuel supply, ever.

Another strategy for the retreatist would be caching of supplies in areas you know you will retreat to. Caching a small amount at a time in different locations can help alleviate the problem of transporting a lot of stock. However, you better be sure you know how to bury the items correctly so they aren’t ruined over time, and you have to be certain that you can find the caches after they are buried.

Now that we have covered gear specific to the two main survival strategies, here is a list of items that everyone should have regardless of which path they have chosen:

· MultiTool
· Pocket Knife
· Combat Knife
· MRE’s
· First Aid Kit (include Celox blood stopper and sterile sutures)
· Compass
· Hiking Backpack
· Sleeping Bag
· Canteens
· Sewing Kit
· Maps
· Duct Tape
· Lighter
· Space blanket
· Plastic Freezer Bags
· Waterproof Matches
· Emergency Candles
· Hiking Tarp
· Water Filter
· Camp Axe
· Shovel
· Hiking Boots
· Gloves
· Water-purification tablets
· Paracord / Rope / Twine
· Tinder
· Fishing line
· Extra Socks
· Rain suit or poncho,
· AM / Weather Radio
· Snare Wire
· Batteries
· Magnesium Fire Starter
· Wire Saw
· Plastic Trash Bags
· Binoculars
· Shortwave Radio
· Eating and Cooking Utensils
· Scissors
· Cable Ties
· Tire Repair Kit
· Gas Mask
· Lantern
· Silver / Gold Coins
· Can Opener

Self Defense

Yes, that’s right, we are going to talk about guns. We are going to recommend you buy a gun. We are going to recommend you stock ammunition. We are even going to recommend that you use that gun and ammunition to defend yourself in the event that your life or your freedoms are threatened.

I’m not sure exactly when, but at some point in American history a large portion of our society started equating the philosophy of self defense with malicious violence. It is not immoral to defend one’s self. It is wholly in line with the voice of conscience not to mention entirely rational. It is something we all should have learned in kindergarten; sometimes the bully doesn’t listen to reason, and sometimes there’s no one around to help you. Sometimes, you just have to punch the bully in the teeth.

Nowadays, they send the cops after your five-year-old if he punches the bully in the teeth. People are lambasted for self defense from an early age, and admonished for not informing an “authority figure” instead. But the fact of the matter is, authority figures are rarely if ever around to protect you in bad situations. Most of the time, you and you alone are responsible for your own safety. This is the way life is. We can either accept it, or face the consequences for our stubborn denial.

I have been a martial artist for 22 years, and I understand well the distaste for guns. In my opinion, all violent conflicts should be settled fairly, barehanded, and man-to-man, but this is not our reality. In the real world, unarmed and innocent people are killed by guns daily, by criminals, as well as overzealous soldiers and governments. Logic dictates that the innocent must prepare to shoot back, because they’re innocence alone will not be enough to protect them. A few years ago, I decided it was time to grow up and get over my aversion to firearms.

When purchasing a firearm for survival, there are a couple guidelines people should follow:

Military Grade: Semi Auto Combat rifles are called combat rifles for a reason. They are durable, long lasting, and dependable. They are made to be fired over and over again. Despite what your good hunting buddy may say, cheap hunting rifles and bolt actions are NOT made for combat. They often overheat and malfunction from continuous firing and break easily. Bolt actions are good for long distance shooting, but are too slow when fighting in closer quarters (no matter how Rambo we might think we are). Those with well made semi-auto rifles and pistols designed specifically for combat are more likely to survive than those without.

Caliber: Choosing a weapon in a military caliber (.223, 7.62 by 39, or .308 for rifles, 9mm, 40 S&W, 45 ACP for pistols) would be a very good idea, mainly because these calibers will be far easier to find and trade in a post collapse scenario.

Surroundings: Will you be in the city or the country? A long range heavy rifle may do poorly in close quarters city or suburban areas, while a close-quarters carbine would be less effective in the plains or mountains.

Comfort: Some weapons fit certain body types better than others. Finding a weapon that “feels right” instead of awkward, is important. It should feel like an extension of yourself. Accuracy improves greatly with comfort.

Cost: When choosing a firearm that may save your life one day, I find concerns of cost to be less important, but it is understandable that some of us cannot afford “top of the line” so we must find a respectable and affordable alternative.

Here are some rifle recommendations from Neithercorp, divided by more affordable, to more expensive:

…

Cheap But Effective

Russian / Chinese SKS

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The SKS is an accurate and very reliable precursor to the AK-47. They are almost impossible to break, rarely jam, and run even when dirty. They are limited however by capacity. Only ten round stripper clips. They are also a pain to modify for AK magazines or scopes without a qualified gunsmith (believe me, we’ve tried, and all it does in most cases is ruin the gun). The cost has gone up quickly on the SKS, but they are still far more affordable than most combat rifles: $300 to $400.

AK-47

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Ugly and mean looking. Often associated with terrorists. Whatever, these things last forever. High capacity mags allow for 30 rounds (sometimes more). Good for close quarters. Drawbacks: not very accurate. Trying to shoot at 100 yards or more is pushing it and they are much better at the 50 yard range. Cost: $500 to $600.

Saiga

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Saiga is a great company. As far as I can tell, they make the best combat rifle in their price range hands down. The Saiga is basically an AK-47 clone but less costly, not to mention you can get it in various calibers, including .223, 7.62, and .308. They even make a semi-auto shotgun, which I have not yet had the pleasure of testing. Drawbacks would be like the AK; not meant for long ranges. Cost: $250 to $450.

Rugar Mini 14

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Well made and reliable. Also fires .223, which is the standard U.S. military caliber, meaning ammo will be widely available. Far less expensive than most rifles in the .223 caliber. Drawbacks: must change to a tactical stock in order to add scope or red dot sight. Loses accuracy past 100 yards. Cost: $600.

CETME

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The CETME is similar to the famous HK G3 rifle, but much less expensive. It is very reliable, takes HK parts and some mags, and is probably one of the most affordable .308 long range rifles available. Drawbacks: Newer models sometimes have cheaply made stocks that require replacement with better furniture, as well as reports of some trigger problems. Cost: $600.

Savage 10FCP

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Probably the most affordable heavy barreled sniper rifle platform out there. Accolades for accuracy and performance. Drawback: none, except that it is a bolt action, and not meant for extended or close combat. Cost: $800 to $1200.

…

Top Of The Line Wallet Busters

Some of the more expensive but extraordinary rifles include:

Springfield M1A / SOCOM

m1a.jpg

This rifle is famed and revered by gun enthusiasts for a reason. It is simply bad (in a good way). This gun was my choice for survival and I have never had a complaint about its function. It’s built like a rock, I’ve never had a jam, its accurate out to 500 yards or more (basically a semi-auto sniper rifle), and it has a magazine capacity of up to 30 rounds. Drawbacks: Very difficult to scope. The top ejection design beats the crap out of the cheaper scope mounts and they jar loose quickly. A tactical stock replacement is usually necessary, but honestly, I prefer the iron sights anyway. Cost: $1500 to $2500.

FNAR

fnar.jpg

FN is a good company that makes high quality firearms. The FNAR is an exceptional rifle designed specifically for semi-auto long range combat and comes with a built in scope mount. Drawbacks: There are no iron sights on this gun. You are basically required to put a scope on it, and good scopes can cost almost as much as the gun itself. Cost: $1300 to $1500.

HK 91

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World famous German engineering. Very reliable, very accurate. Drawbacks: none, except the price. Cost: $2200 to $2500.

AR-15 / M16

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I’m not a big fan of the AR-15 / M16 platform, but I understand its allure. AR’s are very light, easy recoil, and their tabletop flat stocks allow for good accuracy in close quarters. Their tactical railing systems allow for any number of scopes and add-ons. Drawbacks: The .223 round has certain range limitations, making it better for urban style combat. The railing systems are often taken too far. Some people put so much stuff on their AR’s as to make their weight advantage useless. I sometimes wonder when they’ll make an iPod mount for the AR. Also, feed problems galore. I have not heard of an AR that didn’t jam on a regular basis. You have to keep them immaculately clean in order for them to function. In fact, reports are coming in from Iraq and Afghanistan that troops are specifically requesting old M1A’s / M14’s from storage because the sand is destroying their M16’s. Cost: $1500 to $2500.

…

Pistols And Hunting

Pistols are backup weapons only, and should not be relied upon as the main means of self defense. Semi-auto pistols are much more likely to save your life than revolvers, mainly because of their high capacity, not to mention the greater availability of ammo. Glock’s and Glock clones (such as the Springfield XD) are great combat pistols and very reliable. Expect to pay at least $500 to $600 for a decent sidearm.

Hunting rifles are a bit of a contention among survivalists. What if you go out hunting with a bolt action rifle and are ambushed by men with combat weapons? You will be at a distinct disadvantage. What if you use a combat rifle and the military ball ammo doesn’t work correctly? My solution would be to use a combat rifle with ammo specifically meant for hunting, such as .308 steel-core expansion ammo. In a pinch, regular military surplus ammo can still be used.
The Survival Mentality

More important than any gun, any gear, any preparation, is the mental state of the survivalist himself. One must have confidence in himself and his ability to endure, otherwise he will not succeed. I am consistently confronted by nihilists, some who even claim to be part of the Liberty Movement, who state unequivocally that survival preparation is futile, that we are all “doomed,” that the Elites who are ransacking our country cannot be stopped. Frankly, I’m not certain of that, and neither are they. I do know it is better to stand and fight for what you believe and die in the attempt, than to give up before the fight even starts and die from lack of trying. I wonder how many people told those that fought in the American Revolution that their effort was futile, that the British could not be stopped.

I also am sometimes dismayed by those that prepare for survival only for survival’s sake. To stay alive is important of course, and a primary human drive, but our survival success may hinge not only on our instinct to live, but to also remain free. Without a philosophical or spiritual ideal, without a greater purpose, surviving this economic collapse will be an empty affair with little meaning. To come through the chaos relatively unscathed is admirable, but pointless if the end result is the formation of a tyrannical world government and the loss of our liberties. Each individual who not only survives but fights for what he believes tips the scale away from elitism and oppression. Every person who works towards something greater than himself, a future where such pain and catastrophe no longer hang over humanity, each of these men and women send a shockwave through history that touches elements of society in ways we cannot yet even imagine.

What is the point of giving up now? What do we have to gain? What do we have to lose by fighting back that we are not already about to lose?

Survival is about more than living, it is about more than believing, it is about KNOWING. Knowing what the world should be, and knowing what the world should not be. Knowing in an intuitive way, beyond simple examination and observation. Knowing from a deeper perspective.

In the end, our survival and the survival of our ideals depends not only on our two hands, our cleverness, or even our fear of death, but the content of each man’s heart, and how much of that content he is willing to trust.

This article has been generously contributed by Neithercorp Press for your reading pleasure.

Author: Contributing Author
Date: January 30th, 2010

http://www.shtfplan.com/emergency-preparedness/surviving-economic-collapse-tips-tactics-and-gear_01302010

Urban Survival Skills

Every emergency situation requires different skills to cope with the crisis. Being prepared is essential to your survival. The following is the most basic urban survival skills that everyone should know, and practice in order to be prepared for survival.

The Basics
(Wilderness Survival Skills are the fundamental skills that should be learned for every survival situation)
The Will to Survive
Getting Water
Starting a Fire
Finding Shelter Getting Food
First Aid
Getting Rescued

Urban Survival

Urban survival is divided in two sections; Street Skills and Home Preparedness. Street skills are for extreme survival situations such as homelessness; Home Preparedness is for protecting your family, home, and property in survival situations.

Street Skills

Learning Lifesaving Skills
Be prepared; take the time to learn vital survival and lifesaving skills before you need it!

* Survival Skills
* CPR & First Aid
* Self Defense
* Firearms Skills

Keeping Fit
You should also keep fit; join a local gym or build a home gym and work out three times a week. The three main areas are body building, stretching, and cardio; keep in mind that big muscles may be of little use in a survival situation, but being flexible and having good cardio fitness (the ability to run, climb, and keep going) can, and may save your life.

Know Your Environment
Be prepared; take the time to learn your area, what type of people live there and where. Find a map & study it!
Explore the area; know where places are, abandoned buildings, homes, stores, churches, hospitals, etc.
Be aware of any gang territories; ovoid the area.

Keeping your Wits
The single most important survival skill is the will to survive. If you find yourself in a survival situation, you must make up your mind that you are going to survive! Attitude and determination are your allies, doubt is your enemy!

Keep your cool; don’t be fearful of the unknown; don’t worry about that which you cannot control. Instead keep your mind on the task at hand; Survival!!!

Keep your eyes and ears open; be aware of your surroundings at all times, and expect the unexpected. Your ability to think clearly and react is your most valuable survival skill in an urban situation.

Never resort to crime; in desperate situations people sometimes resort to crime out of fear, or necessity. Crime will only lead to destruction and will eventually undermine your ability to survive.

Think before you react!

Finding Shelter
You should look for shelter immediately if your in a survival situation that requires you to get warm fast (cold, rain, snow), or if you have the need to stay hidden. You should find shelter at least 2 hours before dark in most situations.
Your shelter will be determined by your unique situation. The following or some things to conceder; do I need to stay hidden, is there a good water source nearby, are there any dangers in the area (gangs, debris, structures that may collapse, stagnate water, etc.)?

Be aware that abandoned buildings may already have guest living in them (You don’t want to wake up in a crack house).

You may have to build a shelter; take a look at our in-depth shelter building. Every situation will be different, locate our building a shelter will depend on your unique situation and area. The following are just a few examples of shelters that may be available to you in and urban survival situation.

* Vacant Buildings (be aware of other already taking shelter, open elevator shafts, and disease from pigeon droppings, etc.)
* Vacant Houses
* Patches of Wooded Areas [wilderness shelter]
* Covered Alleyways
* Dumpsters (quick shelter in a pinch, but be aware of dangers such as disposed hypodermic needles, broken glass, and bacteria)
* Underside of stair wells

Look for shelters provided by churches, the Red Cross, YMCA, and other non profit organizations.

Getting Water
The ability to find drinkable water is one of the most important survival skills you can learn. Once you start getting thirsty it can weaken your ability to think clearly. Dehydration is one of the most common problems associated with extreme survival situations. Dehydration can weaken, and kill! Lack of water affects your body’s ability to keep warm, and cool. Drink plenty of water when it is available and avoid eating too much food when water is not available.

Unpurified water can contain many harmful organisms that can make you sick, or even kill you. Other contaminant such as chemical waste can have a verity of effects, including death. If at all possible purify your water before drinking it.

If you’re faced with dehydration and no immediate means to purify your water source, then drink it; it is better to take a chance on contaminated water, than to die of dehydration (tell your doctor about the water as soon as possible).

No matter how thirsty you are, DO NOT drink the following for hydration:

* Alcoholic Beverages
* Urine
* Blood
* Sea Water

Any water source that is known to be contaminated with a toxic chemical, or biological contaminate should be avoided. If you have to drink from this type of contaminated water source, follow the instructions for purifying contaminated water (this does not guarantee the safety of the water).

It is very important to learn the basic survival skills to obtaining and purify drinkable water. In situations such as flooding and power outages contaminated water may be your only source, learn how to purify your water!

The most common urban water sources are water hydrants often located on the sides, or backs of buildings and houses.

Getting Food
You can go weeks without food, however hunger can weaken you, and impair your “will to survive”. Lack of food can also increase your chances of hypothermia, and effect your overall health and feeling of well being.

First learn how to obtain food using basic survival skills. Don’t forget that pigeons are a good source of food; but always cook them thoroughly to kill parasites.

One of the most plentiful sources of food in an urban environment is discarded food. Check in dumpsters outside of grocery stores and delis for discarded food. Use caution as food contaminated by meat or spoiled food may cause diarrhea which can dehydrate you and hinder your ability to survive.

Look for food kitchens provided by churches, the Red Cross and other non profit organizations.

Protecting Yourself
Learning basic self defense is a very important skill that can save your life! We recommend taking a basic self defense class. Joining a martial arts school is great if you train hard and are willing to dedicate 5-10 year to it. Learning basic self defense skills will benefit you now, and there is far less things to remember when the situation counts.

You should find yourself a legal weapon to keep with you at all times.

* Walking Cane
* Broom Handle
* Glass Bottle
* Small Stick
* Pepper Spray
* Stun Gun

Getting Help
People in the US and around the world have become way to dependant on the government for help. When natural disaster or other unforeseen situations strike, don’t wait on the government and non-profits to help you; it is nobody’s fault, and complaining about it accomplishes nothing! Help-Your-Self

Whether or not you survive is between you and God! Do your best, but be willing to accept help when it is offered. Don’t be stubborn, if help is offered accept it, and get out of your situation.

Being a survivalist means that once you’re out of harms way, don’t be a burden on others, but do what you can to help!!!

* The following organizations can help.
* Local Churches
* Red Cross
* Salvation Army
* Local non-profits
* County Welfare Offices
* FEMA
* National Guard

Home Preparedness

Learning Lifesaving Skills
Be prepared; take the time to learn vital survival and lifesaving skills before you need it!
Survival Skills
CPR & First Aid
Self Defense
Firearms Skills

Keeping Fit
You should also keep fit; join a local gym or build a home gym and work out three times a week. The three main areas are body building, stretching, and cardio; keep in mind that big muscles may be of little use in a survival situation, but being flexible and having good cardio fitness (the ability to run, climb, and keep going) can, and may save your life.

Emergency Preparedness
Family preparation and planning is the key to surviving comfortable during emergencies and disasters. Click here for Emergency Preparedness.

Keeping your Wits
The single most important survival skill is the will to survive. If you find yourself in a survival situation, you must make up your mind that you are going to survive! Attitude and determination are your allies, doubt is your enemy!

Keep your cool; don’t be fearful of the unknown; don’t worry about that which you cannot control. Instead keep your mind on the task at hand; Survival!!!

Keep your eyes and ears open; be aware of your surroundings at all times, and expect the unexpected. Your ability to think clearly and react is your most valuable survival skill in an urban situation.

Never resort to crime; in desperate situations people sometimes resort to crime out of fear, or necessity. Crime will only lead to destruction and will eventually undermine your ability to survive.

Think before you react!

Securing Your Home
How you choose to secure your home will depend on your survival scenario.

Anticipate the situations that could arise; could there be nuclear, chemical or biological contaminates? Will you be without power, water, and access to stores? Could there be looting, rioting, home invasions? Is there a possibility of fire, flooding, or high winds? How will you evacuate should the need arise, and it your transportation sufficient and stocked with needed supplies?

* Nuclear: Build a simple fallout shelter in your basement or outside of your home.
* Biological: Stock up on plastic, duct tape, and bio-filters.
* Chemical: Stock up on plastic, duct tape, and Chemical-Filters.
* Rioting, Looting, and Home Invasions: Board up windows, leaving an opening for viewing and fire a weapon. Steel plates are the cheapest form of bullet proofing an area in your home. They can be bought cheap at salvage yards, they can be sand blasted and painted ¼-½ inch plates can be stacked up for added ballistic protection.

Invest in firearms and ammunition. You should not introduce fire arms in your home without proper training. Take classes in fire arm safety, and shooting skills (All family members need to be properly trained!). Always keep firearms out of reach of un-supervised children. Invest in a gun safe with a combination lock, and do not write the combination down!

Keep inspected and charged fire extinguishers on hand. You may be able to protect your home from fire bombs during rioting by using an improvised sprinkler system out side of the home.

Invest in a security system for your home with a backup power supply.

Protecting Your Family
Plan, plan, and plan. With proper planning and regular drills your family can be ready for nearly and emergency that arises. Always develop a plan of communication, and have at least two pre-destined meeting place.

Everyone in the family should take a class on basic self defense, and firearm safety. Training your children about safety is a must!

Should the situation arise get your family to a safe place, or a home shelter as quickly as possible.

Food Storage
Stock up on foods that do not need refrigeration, and have a long shelf life.

Water Storage
Stock up on plenty of bottled water.

Energy
Invest in a good generator, batteries, energy efficient light bulbs, and a self-powered radio.

Getting Out (Evacuating)
Have sufficient transportation and keep it stocked with an emergency supply kit, and plenty of gas. Don’t wait till the last minute to evacuate, anticipate the situation and leave when possible.

Getting Help
People in the US and around the world have become way to dependant on the government for help. When natural disaster or other unforeseen situations strike, don’t wait on the government and non-profits to help you; it is nobody’s fault, and complaining about it accomplishes nothing! Help-Your-Self

Whether or not you survive is between you and God! Do your best, but be willing to accept help when it is offered. Don’t be stubborn, if help is offered accept it, and get out of your situation.

Being a survivalist means that once you’re out of harms way, don’t be a burden on others, but do what you can to help!!!
The following organizations can help.

* Local Churches
* Red Cross
* Salvation Army
* Local non-profits
* County Welfare Offices
* FEMA
* National Guard

The Will to Survive – The Mental Challenge

Will: The mental faculty by which one deliberately chooses or decides upon a course of action.

The single most important survival skill is the will to survive. If you find yourself in a survival situation, you must make up your mind that you are going to survive! Attitude and determination are your allies, doubt is your enemy!

According to the US Army Field Manual, the two greatest dangers to survival are the desire for comfort, and a passive outlook.

Desire for comfort: You must change the way you think of comfort. Compare your current situation with a far worst situation, and realize that your current discomfort is only temporary. Knowing how much discomfort you can handle, and understanding your need for comfort can help you through your survival situation. Remember, comfort is not essential to your survival!!!

A Passive Outlook: (Passive: Accepting one’s fate without objection or resistance.) We all have the basic will to survive, but the overwhelming stress caused by our situation can lead to a passive outlook. The best way to ovoid a passive outlook is to understand the physical and mental stress that can cause it.
Physical Stress

Climate

* Cold: Cold weather slows down your blood flow, and reduces your ability to think clearly. The cold can also make you sleepy, week, and reduce your will to survive. Hypothermia can set in, even in warm climates if you get cold by being wet. If you are cold, immediately find shelter, and start a fire!!!
* Heat: Heat can also weaken your will to survive. Hot temperatures can lead to heat exhaustion and even heat stroke. Try not to exert yourself during the hottest part of the day. Protect yourself from direct sunlight. If you are not accustomed to the higher temperatures take extra caution. Your body will start getting accustomed to the higher temperatures after a few days.

Dehydration
Once you start getting thirsty it can weaken your ability to think clearly. Dehydration is one of the most common problems associated with extreme survival situations. Dehydration can weaken, and kill! Lack of water affects your body’s ability to keep warm, and cool. Drink plenty of water when it is available and ovoid eating too much food when water is not available.

Hunger
Hunger can affect your will to survive, and morale. The hardest thing for most people is overcoming the Yuk Factor. When it comes to survival you may have to eat things that you normally would conceder disgusting to even look at.

Physical Pain and Fatigue:

* Pain: is your body’s way of telling you that something is wrong. The sensation of pain itself is not harmful, but it can seam unbearable. The best way to deal with pain is:
Know its source (treat the cause if possible).
Understand that it must be tolerated.
Concentrate on surviving (keep mentally & physical busy).
Think tuff, and take pride in your ability to take the pain.
* Physical Fatigue: can be caused by over exertion, and can often be relived by resting. You should ovoid repetitive activities that can lead to soreness, and strained muscles.

Mental Stress

Mental Fatigue
The best way to overcome mental fatigue is to get rest, change your activities, mild exercise, have a conversation, play a game, and use your imagination (fantasizing).

Boredom & Loneliness

* Boredom is usually experienced in long term survival situations, were loneliness and repetitive activities are keeping the human mind from being challenged. The best method for dealing with boredom is to keep busy, and remember that even your smallest activity is playing a part in your overall survival goal.
* Loneliness can often leave you with a feeling of despair; it can make you want to just give up and die. In order to deal with loneliness you must first accept your current situation, and understand that by keeping busy and focusing on your goal you can survive. Rely on your skills, and on your ability to get through your situation and ultimately reach your goal of survival. Talk with God!

Fear
Fear is our body’s way of avoiding dangerous situations that can cause use physical and mental harm. As long as the fear is founded on tangible facts, it can be very useful. Fear can keep our actions in check, and it can trigger our natural “fight or flight” response. Fear that is unfounded in facts can impair our ability to make rational decisions, and it can jeopardize our ability to survive. Worry is a type of fear that can be based on facts, but is usually something that has not, and may not ever happen. Don’t be fearful of the unknown; don’t worry about that which you cannot control. Instead keep your mind on the task at hand; Survival!!!
When you find yourself in a survival situation always remember to S.T.O.P.
Stop
Think
Observe
Plan

The US Army uses the acronym S.U.R.V.I.V.A.L. to help soldiers’ remember how to survive.

Size up the situation.
Undue haste makes waste.
Remember were you are.
Vanquish fear and panic.
Improvise.
Value living.
Act like the natives.
Live by your wits.

For more information on the survival acronyms, please click here.

Be Prepared

Being prepared ahead of time will give you confidence and the skills you need to survive. Always assess your situation, and prioritize your current survival needs (water, shelter, fire, food, first aid, and signals [order changes depending on your current survival needs]).

Getting Water

The ability to find drinkable water is one of the most important survival skills you can learn. Once you start getting thirsty it can weaken your ability to think clearly. Dehydration is one of the most common problems associated with extreme survival situations. Dehydration can weaken, and kill! Lack of water affects your body’s ability to keep warm, and cool. Drink plenty of water when it is available and avoid eating too much food when water is not available.

Unpurified water can contain many harmful organisms that can make you sick, or even kill you. Other contaminant such as chemical waste can have a verity of effects, including death. If at all possible purify your water before drinking it.

If you’re faced with dehydration and no immediate means to purify your water source, then drink it; it is better to take a chance on contaminated water, than to die of dehydration (tell your doctor about the water as soon as possible).

No matter how thirsty you are, DO NOT drink the following for hydration:
Alcoholic Beverages
Urine
Blood
Sea Water
Any water source that is known to be contaminated with a toxic chemical, or biological contaminate should be avoided. If you have to drink from this type of contaminated water source, follow the instructions for purifying contaminated water (this does not guarantee the safety of the water).

Obtaining Water

If you do not have a cup, or canteen, you can improvise by using plastic, cloth, etc.
Cloth rags can be used for absorbing water & condensation.
A straw can help to extract water from crevices in rocks, trees, etc.
A large piece of plastic can be an invaluable tool for catching rain water and condensation.

Finding a Water Source

Look for areas that can collect water, such as:

* Low areas
* River beds
* Depressions and holes in rocks
* Areas of unusually green vegetation
* Behind first sand dune of dry desert lakes

Look for animal activity:

* Trails (go the direction that two trails converge)
* Look for flocks of birds that may be circling over water holes

Vegetation
(Use caution, do not use if you’re unsure of the vegetation) (DO NOT drink if the water is milky, sticky, or bitter) (Do not keep water from plants for longer than 24 hours [fermentation can occur]) (Always purify your water if at all possible, even water obtained from vegetation!!!)

* Leaf surface (can use a rag to absorb the water if needed)
* Crevices between limbs
* Air plants (American Tropics) (Strain in rag to filter & remove water)
* The American Barrel Cactus (Suck on the pulp to obtain the juices, but DO NOT eat the pulp!)
* Green Bamboo
Cut the top off, and tie down low. Place a container to catch the drip.
* Green Coconut (to much milk from a mature coconut will act as a laxative thus increasing dehydration)
* Roots (Cut roots in pieces, and suck out the juices)
* Vines
Cut a notch in the vine as high as you can reach, then sever the bottom of the vine for the water. (The notch will help the vine to drain quicker) (DO NOT drink if the water is milky, sticky, or bitter)
* Fruits
* Banana trees
Chop down, and carve out a bowl shape in the stump. Water will be collected from the roots.

Other

* Snow & Ice (snow & Ice can be a plentiful source of water) (melt before drinking; avoid eating snow or ice before melting, because they can cause a drop in body temperature, and lead to further dehydration)
* Salt Water
You can extract clean water from salt water using a Water Still, or a Water Still designed for polluted water. If you’re on a beach you can dig a hole in the sand, and let it fill with water. Start a fire and heat rocks (use caution, heating some rocks can cause them to explode like grenades). Drop the rocks in the hole, and use plastic to catch the evaporated water (similar to the water still method).
* Condensation
Condensation is a great way to get clean drinking water, but it can often take hours for a small amount of water. Using a large tarp, or sheet of plastic can help to collect large amounts of water from condensation. You can also use blankets or clothing to absorb moister. Another method is to tie rags to grass stalks to absorb morning/evening dew (use lots of them). You can use a rag to wipe condensation off of leaves, metal etc. Then wring out the rag, or suck on it to remove the water.

Water Stills

With a water still you can obtain clean drinkable water from vegetation or moister from the ground. With a water still it will take time to obtain water; as long as 24 hours for one pint. The best way to insure that you have plenty of drinkable water is by using several stills, and various other methods to procure water.

The Above Ground Water Still
What you will need:

* A sunny slope
* Non-Poisonous green vegetation
* A clear plastic bag
* A straw, or improvised straw (not a necessity, but it will allow you to remove the water without untying the bag).
* A rock or similar weight

Survival – Above ground water still

Fill the bag half full of green vegetation.
Place a small rock/weight into the bag.
Tie the end of the bag securely, while leaving it as full of air as possible.
Place the bag on a slope, allowing the rock/weight to settle in the lowest spot.
Once you have depleted the vegetation of most of its water, untie the bag to collect the water, or use the straw.

The Below Ground Water Still
What you will need:

* A digging tool
* A sheet of clear plastic (at least 4 feet square)
* A rock or similar weight
* A clean container with a wide mouth for catching your purified water
* A long piece of tubing/straw (not a necessity, but it will allow you to remove the water without disturbing your still).
* Non-Poisonous green vegetation (not necessary if you are extracting water from the soil, but it will help to add to your supply of drinkable water)

Survival – The Below Ground Water Still

Dig a hole 3 feet in diameter by 2 feet deep in an area that is sunny, and has damp/wet soil (low lying areas such as a dry creek bed may have wet soil). If you are using vegetation then dig your hole with a slope and shelves for the vegetation.

Dig a hole the size of your water container in the center of your water still.

Place your container in the hole, add any vegetation, place your tubing into your container tying a lose knot in the end to hold it inside of the container, and cover the hole with plastic, allowing your tubing to stick out.

Use a weight (rock/soil) to hold down the outside edge of the plastic, and place a rock in the center.
Let the plastic dip into the hole about 15 inches below ground level, and center it over your clean container.

Cover the outside edges of the plastic with sand/soil, and plug/tie your tubing to prevent evaporation.

Using straw/tubing will give you the ability to sip water throughout the day without disturbing your water still.

Filtering & Purifying your water supply

Filtering
Filtering water does not purify it, but only removes the debris!

You can filter out debris from your water by straining it through cloth, or you can make a water filter.

Using bamboo, a hollow log, pants leg, or compression bag you can layer sand, gravel, cloth, and crushed rocks to create a water filter. You can also add charcoal from your fire to remove any fowl odors.

Survival – Water Filter

Purifying
You can purify water by boiling it, or use a commercial product like iodine tablets. Boiling water does not remove all microorganisms, but it does kill the majority of organisms that can harm you. Iodine tables are a great way to get drinkable water fast, but some people have allergic reactions to iodine (if your allergic to shellfish do not use iodine tablets). Iodine tablets should be used for emergency survival only, and should not be used over an extended period of time.

You can boil water by placing hot rocks in it and changing them out as they cool. This may not get the water to an adequate temperature for the length of time needed to kill as many organisms as conventional boiling, but it is one way to boil water when a non-fireproof pot is your only means to hold water (example: hat, hard plastic bowl, etc).

Most water obtained from condensation, or a Water Still does not need to be purified.

Purifying Polluted Water

Build an underground Water Still.
Dig a trench 3 inches wide, and 10 inches deep around your still (10 inches away from your still).
Pour the polluted water into the trench and wait for the still to collect the filtered evaporated water.

Survival – The contamenation Below Ground Water Still

Don’t Forget

Unpurified water can contain many harmful organisms.

BUT……

If you’re faced with dehydration and no immediate means to purify your water source, then drink it; it is better to take a chance on contaminated water, than to die of dehydration (tell your doctor about the water as soon as possible).

Lack of water can also impair your judgment, and will to survive.

Don’t forget that our ancestors drank out of rivers and ponds for thousands of years!!!

Starting a Fire

Fire building is one of the most useful and necessary skills for survival.

Preparation

Choose a location near your shelter that is dry, and gives you access to plenty of wood for burning. Clear leaves and debris at least 3 feet around the perimeter of your fire. If you need fire for warmth then prepare a fire wall made from logs or rock (Use caution, porous rocks may explode). To keep your fire alive throughout the night you will need to collect about 5 times as much wood as you think you may need.
Next locate your kindling, and tender. Even in the wettest environments there is dry wood, and other kindling to be found. Look around the base of trees, under the bark of fallen logs.
There are 3 types of material need for a successful easy to start fire.

Fuel
Fuel is anything that will burn; but for a fire, fuel is anything that will burn for an extended period of time.

* Wood (logs, sticks, etc.)
* Grass (bunched together)
* Animal Dung (dried)
* Oils (animal fat, etc.)

Kindling
Kindling is usually smaller pieces of fuel that can help create a fast burning hot fire. Kindling is used to help get your main fuel source ignited.

* Dry Leaves (leaves, pine needle, etc.)
* Wood ([punk] dry rotted logs, small sticks, dry evergreen limbs, pine knots, fire stick, cardboard)
* Dry Grass

Tender
Tender is anything that can catch fire with a spark. Tender is used to get your initial flame, and start your kindling. Most tender should be extremely dry! Gather your tender in a bundle similar to a birds nest; this will make starting a fire much easier.

* Wood ([punk] dry rotted logs, saw dust, fine wood shavings, paper, shavings from a pine knot [evergreen knot], Birch Bark, birch tinder fungus, shredded inter bark from Cedar, red elm, and chestnut trees)
* Plants (dead dry fern, moss, fungi) (dry palm leaves) (down seed heads from milkweed, dry cattails, dandelion, golden rod, bulrush, Canada thistle) (cotton) (dried vegetable fibers)(spongy thread from a dead dry puffball mushroom) (straw) (skin-like bamboo lining)(outer bamboo shavings)
* Pocket Lint
* Waxed Paper
* Gun Powder

Building the fire

Start with the kindling at the base, and your fuel-wood on the top. Allow easy access to the kindling; this will help you transfer your tender to ignite the kindling. The most popular fire design is the tepee, for more advanced fire building techniques click here.

Starting the Fire

In this section we will review many non-conventional methods for starting a fire.

Two stick friction methods
(You must read “Creating a Fireboard” and “Friction Hand Drill” to understand all of the friction drill methods)

Creating a Fireboard
(You must read this to understand many of the methods used below!)

A fireboard is used for several of the friction methods listed below.

* Find a flat/semi-flat piece of wood (large enough to hold steady with one foot) (choose a softwood that is softer than the stick you will be using).
* Dig out a circular indention in the wood (see illustration).
* Cut a V shaped grove in the wood (this will allow hot embers to fall downward to your tender or bark).

Friction Hand Drill
(This is the basic method used for drills, you must read this to understand many of the methods used below!)

* Find a straight stick about 2 feet long and as wide as your thumb to use as a spindle (choose a wood hat is harder than your fireboard).
* Place the spindle, in the depression of your fireboard.
* Roll the spindle between the palms of your hands, while maintaining downward pressure, do this in quick burst. Keep up this action until embers are formed.
* You can use a piece of bark to transfer the embers to your tender, or deposit the embers directly on your tender.
* Blow on the embers until your tender is ignited.

Two-Man Drill
This method is similar to the Hand Drill above.

* Find a piece of wood, or rock with a depression to use as a socket; this is to hold downward pressure on your spindle.
* Wrap a rope around the spinal going around it 2 times.
* While one person applies downward pressure, the other pulls back and forth on the rope to spin the spindle.

Bow Drill
This method is similar to the Drill methods used above.

* Find a piece of wood, or rock with a depression to use as a socket; this is to hold downward pressure on your spindle.
* Create a bow using a stick, and string.
* Wrap your bow string around the spindle.
* While holding downward pressure with your socket, run the bow back & forth to spin the spindle and create hot embers.

Pump Fire Drill

* Drill a hole in the center of a rounded piece of hardwood and insert the spindle so that it fits very snugly.
* Drill a hole in your crossbar so that it will move freely over your spindle.
* Drill a hole through the top of your spindle.
* Attach your crossbar to the spindle using a string.
* Wind up the string and push with downward pressure, releasing pressure as you reach the bottom. The motion will cause the spindle to rewind like a yo yo. Continue this until your embers are formed.

Fire Plough

* Cut a grove into the length of your fireboard.
* Rub a slightly harder stick back and forth until embers are formed. (This method can be used if you are unable to find tender; it creates its own tender)

Spark Methods

With a proper ignition source a spark can ignite a fire in no time at all. Using a cotton ball, or char cloth will make it easier to ignite.

Flint (or quartzite) and Steel
Striking steel against a flint works great, if it is done properly!

* Hold a shard of hard rock (flint, quartzite, or other spark producing rock) between your thumb and forefinger.
* You can hold a piece of char cloth, cotton, or birch bark fungi between your thumb and the rock.
* Strike the rock with a carbon metal tool (knife, etc.).
* You can also lay a tool such as an axe on a steady surface and strike the tip of the axe (facing away from you; getting hurt in a survival situation will only make things worse) with the rock into the direction of your ignition fuel.
* Always quickly transfer your embers to your tender bundle, and blow on it until flames are produced.

Commercial Flint Fire Starting Tools

Flint and steel set. (This is my favorite!)

* Hold the steel in one hand close to your starter fuel (cotton ball, etc.).
* Hold the flint rod in your other hand under your steel tool.
* Pull back on the flint rod to shower sparks towards your ignition source.

Tip: I use a commercial fire starter, and dental gauze (works extremely well) to start my fires. I keep them inside of a water proof match container. You can also water proof your cotton ball/gauze by coating it in Vaseline.

Magnesium Fire Starter
You can scrape the magnesium into a pile in your tender bundle, and then light it with your knife and the flint provided on the magnesium fire starter. The magnesium burns at over 5,000 Fahrenheit for 1-2 seconds.

Other Fire Starting Methods

Magnifying Lens
This only works well on bright sunny days. You can use a magnifying glass (camera lens, binoculars, eye glasses, etc.), or a glass of water.

* Focus the suns beam of light onto your tender bundle.
* Focusing the light to the smallest point will intensify the light enough to start a fire.
* Blow on your tender until flames are produced.

Battery
Attach a wire to each battery terminal. Quickly touch each wire together to create a spark near your cotton ball, or tender.

Tip: Touching a 9 volt battery to an iron wool pad creates a fast fire starter (this is why batters should not be stored in kitchen drawers).

Gunpowder
You can extract gun powder from a shell by removing the bullet. Gunpowder works very well for the spark method of fire starting. You may also be able to light a pile of gunpowder by using the empty case (no bullet), and firing the primer at the gunpowder.

Finding Shelter

In this section we will go over the basics of finding or building an emergency shelter. Instead of going into details about the different methods of constructing shelters, we will go over the basic principles that apply to all shelters. For an in-depth shelter building guide check out our advanced shelter guide.
When to look for, or build a shelter.

* Immediately if your in a survival situation that requires you to get warm fast (cold, rain, snow), or if you have the need to stay hidden.
* At least 2 hours before dark in most other situations.

Were to look for, or build a shelter.

Your shelter will be determined by your unique situation. The following or some things to conceder; will I need a quick way to signal for help, do I need to stay hidden, is there a good water source nearby, are there any dangers in the area (avalanche, dead trees, rock slides, creepy crawlies, possible flooding, etc.)? Look for areas that have adequate materials for building, and plenty of room for you to lie down.
Widow Makers

* Avoid creek bottoms, dry river beds, and low lying areas in foothills; in mountainous areas melting snow and thunder showers in the mountains can cause a rush of water to come poring into low lying areas (many campers have died this way). Always shelter below the highest water lines.
* Always make sure there are no dead trees, or limbs that could fall on your shelter.
* Avoid areas that have a potential for rock slides or avalanches.
* Watch out for the wild life; don’t shelter on game trails, or too close to watering holes. Keep an eye out for insects, spiders, scorpions and snakes (you don’t want to unknowingly build your shelter on a snake den, or ants nest).
* Use caution in and around caves; caves are usually a habitat for rodents, bats, snakes, insects, and even large predators’. If you use a cave, be careful when heating it up with your camp fire; heating cold rock rapidly can cause the rock to break and the cave ceiling to collapse.
* In urbanized areas keep in mind that abandoned buildings may already have guest living in them (You don’t want to wake up in a crack house).

Finding/Building a Shelter

Things to conceder:

* What type of shelter do I need to protect me from the elements (Rain, Snow, Wind, Sun, etc.)?
* Do I have the materials available (natural or man-made)?
* Do I have the tools (natural or man-made)?
* How much time and effort will it take?

We will not get into the details of shelter building in this section; instead we will show diagrams of several types of shelters that will provide adequate protection from the elements. For an in-depth shelter building guide check out our advanced shelter guide.

Quick Shelters

Poncho Tent

One man shelter (Man-made Materials)

One Man Hidden Cave Shelter (Natural Materials)
(This shelter can keep you very warm even in the coldest weather!) (This is my favorite shelter for concealment and warmth, but it is only recommended in cold weather because of the creepy crawlies that will try to share it with you.)

Lean-to Shelter

Tree-pit Snow Shelter
Desert Shelter

Finding Food

You can go weeks without food, however hunger can weaken you, and impair your “will to survive”. Lack of food can also increase your chances of hypothermia, and effect your overall health and feeling of well being.

In this section we will go over the very basics of finding food. Hunting mammals, gathering plants, and other advanced techniques will be covered in greater detail in future updates.

Insects & Snails

Insects are one of the best survival foods available; they are easy to find & catch, and are high in protein and fat. In a life or death survival situation you need to get over the yuk-factor and do what it takes to survive.

Slugs, snails, grubs, earthworms, mealworms, ants, termites, locust, grasshoppers, and crickets are some examples of creatures that can be eaten. Insects can usually be eaten raw (grasshoppers, locus, and crickets should be cooked to kill parasites), but will taste better if fried, roasted, or boiled.

You can find insects inside of rotted logs, and under tree limbs. There are always insects to be found around water, and under leaves.

Plants

If you don’t know what your eating, don’t eat it! Watching what animals eat proves nothing; some animals can ingest toxins that are harmful to humans. Choosing plants for food is beyond this basic survival guide, for an advanced plant gathering guide check out our “Advanced Gathering” survival guide.

Mushrooms

Don’t eat mushrooms unless you are 100% sure that it is safe!!! Mushrooms can kill the untrained.

Water Wildlife

Fish, are the next easiest to catch food source. Turtles, frogs, snakes, newts, salamanders, lizards, mollusks, crustaceans, shrimp, and ells are some of the available food that can be found near fresh & salt water.

Fishing

The best times to fish is before dawn, and after dusk.
Use bait (small fish, worms, etc.), or create a lure out of a shinny piece of metal to attract fish.

You can make fish hooks out of natural or man-made materials

survival – Fish Hooks made from natral & Man-made materials

You can make fishing line from plant or cloth fibers. Some materials that work well for fishing line are the inner bark of trees, hemp, nettle, milkweed, yucca, and reeds.

* Gather the fibers together and tie one end together.
* Tie the strands onto something solid (tree branch, etc.).
* Separate into two separate strands.
* Twist each strand clockwise.
* Wrap the strands together in a counter clockwise motion.
* Tie the lose end together.

Survival – Rope made from natral & man-made materials

You can also set out trot lines, and check them every hour.

You can also make a fishing spear out of many man-made & natural materials.

Survival – Fishing Spear made out of man-made & natural materials

You can make a fish net for catching smaller fish, or pulling large fish to shore.

You can also make several handy types of traps for catching fish.

You can even poison fish by dumping a lot of lime into the water. Heat coral, or shells till brittle, and beat into a powder to create lime (or use lime stone).
Hunting

We will only cover a few types of traps here, for more hunting techniques visit our “advances hunting guide”.
Noosing Wand

A noosing wand can be used for catching a variety of animals including lizards and nesting birds.

Squirrel Pole

Survival – Squirrel Pole Snare

Ground Snares

Survival – Ground Snare

Dead Falls
Survival – Dead Fall Trap

Survival – Hanging Ground Fall

i
Preparng Food

Below are recommended methods for cooking various foods.

Insects
Fry, boil, or eat raw (grasshoppers, locus, and crickets should be cooked to kill parasites).

Frogs
Skin, cook, and eat the whole body.
Salamanders
Skin, gut, and eat.

Snakes
Cut of the head, gut, skin, cook, and eat.

Lizards
Skin, gut, cook, and eat. Small lizards can be skewed and cooked whole; meat is done once skin bubbles and cracks.

Turtles

Birds
Pluck feathers, gut, cook, and eat.

Mammals
Skin, gut, cook, and eat.

Tip: You can skew small animals, and burn off the hair; this will help to kill parities, ticks, and fleas that may carry diseases.

Fish
Gut, remove scales, and cook. (You can fillet the fish, but cook and eat all of the remains.).

Cooking

One of the fastest ways to cook something is by skewing it, and cooking over open flames. You can boil many foods to remove unsavory flavors, and to retain many of their vitamins and minerals.
Boiling

If you don’t have a pot available for boiling, you can use natural and man-made materials.

Turtle Shell

Coconut Shell

Sea Shell

Bamboo
Rock Method for Boiling

For non-fireproof pots, you can heat rocks and place in your water. Keep replacing cooled rocks with hot rocks until your food has been adequately boiled.

Warning: Porous rocks, water logged river rocks, and concrete may explode when heated.

Wood Bowl

Animal Stomach

Animal Hide (Skin)

Wool, or other water resistant material

Cooking Fires

Basic First Aid
Basic first aid skills are crucial to any emergency survival situation. There are two things you will need to be prepared; a First Aid Kit, and First Aid/CPR training.

First you should contact your local American Red Cross Chapter, Community College, Hospital, or Scouting Organization and ask about CPR & First Aid Training. Having first-hand training is essential to your survival skills.

Second, you need to prepare a first aid kit, complete with a first aid guide. We recommend a complete and extensive first aid/medical manual, and a quick first aid reference guide for emergencies.
First Aid Kit

What supplies you add to your kit will be determined by you individual needs. If you are preparing a small survival kit to carry on your belt, then you may only have room for some bandages, antiseptic, and gauzes (doubles as a fire starter). While the typical family first aid kit will have everything needed for most emergencies, if you’re planning for long term survival isolated from civilization then you will need equipment for basic surgery/dental, complete with medical manuals.
Recommended First Aid Kit
(1) Bottle Extra-strength non-aspirin tablets
(1) Bottle Aspirin tablets
(1) Bottle Ibuprofen tablets
(1) Bottle Antacid
(1) Bottle Anti-Gas
(1) Bottle Anti-diarrhea medication
(1) Bottle Laxative
(1) Burn relief gel pack
(1) CPR one-way valve face shield
(3) Antibiotic ointment packs
(3) Insect sting relief pads
(12) Alcohol cleansing pads
(6) Antiseptic cleansing wipes
(1) Sunscreen pack
(1) Lip ointment pack
(1) 6″x3/4″ Finger splint
(1) 1/2″x5 yd First aid tape roll
(2) 2″x2″ Premium grade moleskin
(3) Butterfly wound closures
(1) 4″x5″ Instant cold compress
(2) Povidone-iodine infection control wipes
(1) Eye wash
(1) Sterile eye pad
(1) 2″x4.1 yd Conforming gauze roll bandage
(1) 5″x9″ Trauma pad
(2) 4″x4″ Gauze dressing pads
(4) 2″x2″ Gauze dressing pads
(2) 2″x4″ Elbow & knee plastic bandage
(2) Fingertip fabric bandages
(2) Knuckle fabric bandages
(10) 3/8″x1-1/2″ Junior adhesive plastic bandages
(26) 3/4″x3″ Adhesive plastic bandages
(5) Steri-strips (instead of stitches)
(2) Exam quality vinyl gloves
(10) Cotton tipped applicators
(2) safety pins
(1) Tweezers
(1) Scissor
(1) Scalpel
(1) Extractor (Snake & Insect Bits)
(1) First Aid Quick Reference Guide
(1) Complete First Aid Manual
(1) Family Medical Guide
(1) US Army Field Surgery Manual

More Coming Soon

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Getting Rescued

In most survival situations the need to be rescued is great. Knowing how to get help, and how to signal can save your life. With modern equipment like cell phones, and GPS beckons your chances of being found are far better than 20 years ago. If you do not have the ability to call for help, the next best thing is signaling.
Signaling

A passing plan or ship will have a difficult time seeing you from afar. To increase your chances of being seen it is best to use multiple methods.

Anything that stands out from your surroundings will help you to be seen.
Signs

You can use natural, or man-made materials to sign for help. Anything that stands out in contrast with your surroundings will help. You can write messages in soil; examples would be SOS, HELP, X. SOS is the international distress code; anything in threes. X is a signal that means “Require Medical Attention”.
Visual Signals

Fire (at night): Make three large fires in a straight line, this is an international signal for help.
Smoke (daylight): Using damp leaves, green leaves, and moss can help produce smoke. Use a wet cloth to make alternating columns of smoke (in 3’s).

Sun: You can use shinny metal to signal; hanging metal that can be moved in the wind, and hung from trees may catch attention when you are not able to signal in time.

Using a signaling mirror on a sunny day is one of the best ways to signal to passing ships, and aircrafts.
Using a skinny piece of metal, mirror, CD, etc.; hold out your hand forming a V with the target in sight.

* Point your beam of light on your hand just bellow the V.
* Move the light up to the point of the target.
* Remove your hand, and move the mirror back and forth to get attention.
* You can also signal in 3’s for SOS.

Finding Your Way
Direction Finding

If you know were you are, and what direction to travel, you can find direction using the following methods.

Shadow Stick
This method will work for the sun, and a full moon.

* Put a short straight stick into the ground angled towards the sun until there is no shadow cast on the ground.
* Wait until there is a shadow at leased 6 inched long.
* The shadow will be pointing east from the stick.

North Star

* Locate the Big Dipper, then the North Star.
* Put a straight stick about 2 feet long into the ground (keep the stick plum).
* Put a smaller stick into the ground lining it up with the North Star utill the star can be sighted over both sticks (keep the stick plum).
* Draw a line between both stick.
* The large stick will be north, and the smaller stick will be south.

Are you Ready? An In depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness – FEMA

Survival Website – Camping, Hiking, and Backpacking

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