Tag Archives: destruction

“I Saw an American City Attacked! – Destruction from the Sky!” A Prophetic Dream


Alert Warning #6 from Nathan Leal
“I Saw an American City Attacked! – Destruction from the Sky!”
A Prophetic Dream
Nathan Leal – March 8, 2013

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In the beginning of 2013, I sought God about the matters at hand. I had been asking Him to show me the things to come.

On the night of February 19, 2013, the Lord answered my prayer and gave me a glimpse of things to come through a prophetic dream. After praying about it and seeking Him, He has given me the clearance to share it so that I can warn the people.

(Note – The Timing of the Following Dream is Unknown.)

Dream Begins:

I was in a building looking out of a window with other people that I did not know. When the dream first began, I did not know where I was. But as the dream progressed, images began to appear before me.

The sky became filled with very dark clouds of the evening. The clouds resembled those of an impending thunderstorm. They were dark and very thick. From time to time, lightning flashed within them.

After a few moments, the skyline of Seattle, Washington appeared before me. I could see all of the downtown buildings of the city and beyond. I also noticed that I was at a high vantage point. I was at a location in the foothills of the Cascade Mountains, east of Seattle.

This meant that I was looking west towards Seattle and the Pacific Ocean. I could see all of the downtown area, as well as the landscape to the south and the north. I could also see the waters of Puget Sound located beyond downtown Seattle.

Unexpectedly, chaos erupted! The sky became darker.

From the south of downtown, I saw a glowing fireball coming out of the sky. It approached at an angle in slow motion.

I could see that it was not aiming towards the downtown area, but was headed beyond the location south of downtown and across the waters of Puget Sound.

Suddenly, missiles from the ground began to launch towards the approaching threat. I saw five to six missiles go into the sky towards the attacking fireball.

As I watched them launch, I was not sure what kind of missiles they were but I wondered to myself “Patriot Missiles?”

As they launched, the missiles also traveled in slow motion. But unfortunately, they missed and flew past the target! I remembered thinking, “Oh no! They missed!”

In the continuing chaos, a craft flew past me and also went towards the falling threat. The flying craft looked like some sort of drone or odd looking missile. It had narrow wings and was white and blue.

Suddenly, to the north of the downtown buildings, an explosion occurred in the sky. The blast was very high. It seemed to explode across the waters of the Puget Sound.

It appeared to occur several miles away from the city center. It did not explode into a mushroom cloud. Instead it exploded into a ball that became very bright and large. The ball remained a sphere as it expanded.

The explosion was so bright that I had to duck and look away.

After a moment of waiting, I again looked out of the window and saw the flash dissipating. As it started fading I said, “That was an EMP!”

I was wondering when the blast would reach me but it never did. I guess that as an observer in the dream. I was protected.

As I examined the post traumatic landscape, I was shocked by what I saw.

Every building before me in downtown Seattle had its windows blown out. Many were damaged but many were still standing. Pillars of smoke rose throughout, from the streets below. Dust was everywhere.

I became very sad. I do not know how many people were hurt in this event.

After I woke up, I was very disturbed. I needed to find answers.

I went online to look at the Seattle landscape on Google maps. Based on what I saw in my dream, I was able to find my approximate location. I was also able to calculate an approximation of where the objects were headed and/or exploded.

When I examined the points of impact, this glimpse became very DISTURBING!

It appears that west of Seattle across the Puget Sound are several military bases and installations.

The area of the lower assault is the Bremerton Naval Base and Shipyard.

The image above is from Google where we can see that many of our ships are there. Below is a “zoomed- in” close up of the area where I saw the anti-missiles try to respond but miss. I do not understand why they missed! I thought that we had an impregnable shield. (More on that later.)

In my dream, in the other area North of Bremerton, I saw an explosion in the air.

The area in the image below was under the explosion! It turns out that it is also a military base, a substantial one!


From Wikipedia: It is called Naval Base Kitsap. It is a U.S. Navy base located on the Kitsap Peninsula in Washington State. It was created in 2004 by merging the former Naval Station Bremerton with Naval Submarine Base Bangor.

The Mission of Naval Base Kitsap is to serve as the home base for the Navy’s fleet throughout West Puget Sound and to provide base operating services, including support for both surface ships and Fleet Ballistic.

In my dream the explosion in the air occurred over this base!!!


What Was It?

After I had this dream, I wondered if the flying objects were nuclear missiles or meteors.

I prayed and asked God for details and more information. At this moment in time, I do not have an answer.

Therefore, I am not sure what they were. I have many questions about this event.

If they were meteors, why would they attack two military bases? And could a meteor cause an EMP?

Was the first one a meteor? And was the second one that exploded in the air a “Tactical EMP Missile” of some sort?

I am still seeking God for answers. One thing I have learned about prophetic dreams. They are just glimpses, partial images. They are never a complete picture. We only “know in part” and “prophesy in part.”

But folks, I do know this, God did tell me to share this dream. He wants all people to be warned that events are coming that will test men’s hearts!

America will experience an attack. This dream event will be one of several cities that will experience these things.

For those of you that are wondering – “When?”

God Revealed that it will occur when people least expect it. Will it be soon? Or later? Will it happen within months or years from now? That part I do not know.

Why?

Over the past few months, I have been sharing many details about America’s coming demise. The things that she is experiencing right now are a part of God’s Divine Judgment.

America is NOT in a recovery! Her dismantling is still in motion. Thus far, most of her pain has been in the economic sector, but eventually, she will start to experience a new category of judgment. ….WAR!!!

As these things take place, God has also shown me in prophetic dreams that America will be attacked in a very ominous and destructive manner. This means that several American cities will see great destruction. American cities WILL BURN!

Ladies and Gentlemen, over the past few years, I have seen cities burning through prophetic glimpses! Sharing these things brings no pleasure!

It brings much pain!

In my early years, I never thought that America could ever get attacked! But this was before God showed me.

The Withering Hedge!

America’s Divine hedge of protection has been removed. Her walls of solitude and safety have crumbled. Her pillars of strength have fractured and toppled.

As a result, right now, America is in very dangerous territory.

Without God protecting her, how can she remain safe and preserved?

The majority of today’s Americans place no confidence in God. They do not see the point. So sadly, America will be left as a progressive thistle blowing in the wind.

The ungodly take pride in their leanings to the left. But folks, at what point will her dry stalk break? How far can she lean before she tumbles?

Her bones have become dry and fallow; a brittle soul in the wilderness. Will the world give her a drink? Or are they waiting to watch her die of thirst?

Grass always fades and America will soon learn the fate of her misleading self-reliance.

Folks, if you live within the borders of America and you do not know why the USA is sick, please seek to find an understanding of why she is going through this. The reason is NOT only a physical reason from the mind of logic and rational.

My last audio went into great detail about America’s declining hedge of protection. The message includes a sermon of spiritual challenge.

I encourage all of you to listen to it. It explains through the scriptures what the pillars are. It is in two parts. Please share it with your loved ones that you are trying to warn.

Link – News from the Wall 13 page

Finding Strength

Ladies and gentlemen, in the coming days, we all need to be getting our hearts strengthened in God.

I have been seeking God about which direction to go in future messages. I have many things to share but I am also seeing that there are many people that are not where they need to be spiritually.

Unfortunately, most people do not know what to do when it comes to seeking God and getting close to Jesus.

Therefore, I am going to be producing several sermon messages that will address how to come back to God. I know that there are many out there in internet land that are backslidden and struggling.

If this may be you, my heart goes out for you. Please do not give up. If you are not a subscriber to my audio messages, please do so, so that you can be notified when my sermons come out. Subscribe to notifications

I want all of you to know that even though we are living at the edge of coming “doom,” there is still hope for you. God has a plan for you and He wants to get to know you better. It just takes your desire to see that happen.

For those of you who might live in the Seattle area, you may be wondering, “What to do?”

I asked God about that. He said, “Those that need to move away, are being shown what to do.”

In other words, if you are asking Him, He will tell you what to do.

Unfortunately, God also told me that most people do not listen to His voice when it comes to these things. Again, I do not have the timing for this event. It could be years away.

As a reminder, both David Wilkerson and Dumitru Duduman saw America burning in prophetic visions. They saw these things MANY years ago! God’s warning is always in advance; sometimes many years in advance. So will this attack happen soon? I do not know. Therefore, please follow the leading of the Holy Spirit for your personal relocation plans.

One thing to note about the explosion that I saw, it did not appear to be a regular nuclear event. It appeared to be an EMP. So here is the question. If you live in a city, can you ride out an EMP event? Only you can answer that question.

But the question cannot be addressed without wisdom and sobriety of heart. Neither can it be answered without God’s counsel and Holy Spirit leading.

My friends, we need to all be staying vigilant in these uncertain times. Great events are approaching. The wise ones will stay sheltered in God and seek to know what to do.

One thing you should not do is try to deal with these things without God’s involvement. To do this will result in walking in fear!

And folks, fear is a faith killer and a thief of God’s peace! May God grant you your portion of peace in the midst of this storm!

Nathan Leal

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Comment from an email that brings confirmation to Nathan’s Dream:

Received Friday – March 9, 2013

Nathan,

I just received an email regarding your dream, Alert Warning #6 – “I Saw an American City Attacked! – Destruction from the Sky!” and I was floored considering I had a very similar dream back on 5 September 2012. (184 days ago)

The huge ball/flash I saw was south to roughly SSE outside and above my bedroom window.

I tell you truly, (out of Godly fear) this is what I recalled seeing in a dream that morning.
Blessings unto you in Jesus Name, R.

Dream Begins: —————————————–

5 September 2012

I live just north of Penn Cove, south of central Oak Harbor on the north end of Whidbey Island in Puget Sound and I had a very realistic dream this morning just after 0400 A.M.

The dream began with a huge flash from a ball of light (at about 45-60 degrees above the horizon basically south of where I live) that looked like the sun but was about fifty percent larger.

It lit up everything in my bedroom and was immediately followed by the sound of a ponderously loud clap-like explosion; immediately after, I found myself standing by my bed and I yelled out, ‘WOW’!

I hurredly walked to my open kitchen area and stopped between the kitchen and livingroom and tried to gather my thoughts of what had just happened and once again I said, ‘Wow’. I knew right away what had to have just happened (a nuclear blast), so I turned and walked to my south-facing kitchen window and looked out.

The whole area was scorched black, no trees, no houses, no cars, no people, just burned black devastation. The sky was still lit just enough to see that it was full of black smoke and ash and the faint orange glow several places along the horizon that must have been fires.

I also saw huge smoking streamers falling everywhere out of the sky towards the ground which looked eerily similar to the CGI effects used in the movie scene in ‘2012’ after the Yellowstone caldera exploded.

I could see the air concussion wave off in the distance headed our way, so I turned away from the window while walking away from it I yelled, ‘Air burst, get down now!…get down now!’ and then I awoke.

I don’t ever recall having a dream like this before in my whole life, but it makes sense. Since moving back to the island in 2009, I have felt like this would be the likely scenario for the Puget Sound area at some point.

With a large viable cargo port, sub base, Joint Base Lewis McCord (combined airforce and army bases which I read somewhere houses a significant nuclear stockpile), Bremerton Naval Shipyard, home to a number of naval fleet refit operations, Everett Naval Base home of two aircraft carriers and NAS Whidbey and of course, Boeing’s massive facilities in Everett, South Seattle and Auburn, plus Microsoft, etc. No doubt this area has long been a top ten Russian nuclear target. I’m not frightened by the prospect of it because perfect Love casts out fear and I am reconciled with Abba through the shed blood of Yeshua – Jesus who is blessed forevermore.

God Bless you in Jesus Name, R.

Nathan’s Comment: I find this dream incredible because it points to the same area of explosion. Oak Harbor is north of the Naval Base Kitsap where I saw the explosion occur in the air.

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Fellowship Meetings Announcement – Over the last few months, Watchman’s Cry has been having fellowship meetings in the Priest River, Idaho area. We are meeting on Saturday evenings from 6 pm till 8:30 or whenever we finish. ( Last week it was 11pm!)

We have been having a great time of Holy Ghost worship and the Word. (Yes, that’s right folks, Nathan Leal leads worship and preaches! ) Our flavor is Pentecostal the way it used to be! God has been bringing us unsaved people who are getting touched! The anointing has been mighty!

If you would like to join us, you are invited. Please contact us beforehand – seating is limited. Reserve seating

In the very near future we will be renting a larger facility to accommodate more people. Stay tuned. Our goal is to record the live messages from our meetings and post them online so that we can share the sermons with you.

We are in the process of trying to acquire the sound, recording and visual equipment to accomplish this. If you would like to donate to help make this happen, we appreciate any and all gifts. Donate

Again ladies and gentlemen, stay sober…..and vigilant. And keep looking up. He’s coming soon!

God Bless You All,

Nathan Leal – Watchman’s Cry

SOURCE

Joplin Tornado: 1,500 Unaccounted

In Wake of Tornado, Official Says 1,500 Are Unaccounted For

Eric Thayer/Reuters

JOPLIN, Mo. — About 1,500 people are unaccounted for in this battered city, a Fire Department official said Tuesday, as rescue workers took advantage of a few hours of sunny weather to continue searching for survivors in buildings leveled by the country’s deadliest tornado in more than 60 years. At least 117 people have died.

While the number of those unaccounted for is alarmingly high in a city with only 49,000 people — and raises the specter of a far higher death count — it may merely be a reflection of the widespread breakdown of communication systems here in the wake of Sunday’s vicious storm. Many residents who fled ahead of the tornado or survived it may be unable to notify the authorities or family members who have reported them missing.

Capt. Robert Daus of the Maryland Heights Fire District, who is helping to lead a team of about 100 St. Louis-area firefighters in search and rescue operations in Joplin, said that in addition to the 1,500 people who remain unaccounted for, an additional 500 had been injured by the tornado, which cut a three-quarter-mile-wide path through this southwestern Missouri city and damaged as many as 30 percent of its buildings.

While much of Tuesday provided a respite from the nearly unrelenting rain and wind that had hampered rescue efforts, more challenging weather may be on the way. An unusually strong weather system moving east across the Rockies is expected to mix with moist air heading north from the Gulf of Mexico, carrying with it the possibility of creating severe storms late Tuesday.

“We are expecting some violent storms to develop across Kansas and Oklahoma today bringing rain, hail and the risk of tornadoes that could move into the Joplin area this evening,” said Doug Cramer, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service. “This is a very good set up for very big tornadoes.”

The National Weather Service said the tornado that struck the city Sunday evening had reached wind speeds of up to 198 miles per hour, just below the 201-mile-an-hour wind speed level of the most powerful category of tornadoes.

On Tuesday morning, American flags flew outside many houses in Joplin, including flags that had been draped over sections of ruined homes. When there was not enough structure of a house left behind to support a flag, flags were placed in nearby trees that had somehow managed to retain a few branches.

About one-third of the most heavily damaged sections of the city were cordoned off by the authorities on Tuesday as rescue teams with dogs combed rubble. The doors of houses that had been searched were marked with an “X.” If bodies were found inside, a number was listed under the “X.”

The authorities said they planned to complete a second sweep through the city on Tuesday, methodically examining every structure that had been damaged — at least 2,000.

On Monday, crews pulled seven people out of buildings that had collapsed, officials said. But on Tuesday, some 60 hours after the tornado struck, no survivors had been found.

“We’re hoping to find more folks, that’s why we’re doing these searches,”
said Keith Stammer, the Jasper County emergency management director.

Mr. Stammer said the city planned on conducting at least two more rounds of searches, but those would likely not take place until after the storm expected Tuesday evening had passed.

Earlier Tuesday, President Obama, who is on a state trip in Britain, said that he was monitoring the federal response to the tornado and that he planned to visit Missouri on Sunday “to talk with folks who’ve been affected, to talk to local officials about our response effort and hopefully to pray with folks and give them whatever assurance and comfort I can that the entire country is going to be behind them.”

Among the buildings that search and rescue teams were focusing on Tuesday was Hampshire Terrace, a 100-unit apartment complex with about 300 tenants, where the tornado’s fierce winds had ripped off and blown away nearly the entire second story of the two-floor building.

Jessica Blackwood, 22, who had lived in Hampshire Terrace with her 2-year-old son, was not at home when the tornado hit. Her grandmother, who lived in another unit in the complex was also not home and escaped harm. But Ms. Blackwood said she is very worried about her neighbors.

“I keep hearing the count go up and I keep praying it stops,” she said. “I’m so scared one of these times I’m going to hear a name a know.”

Firefighters and cadaver-sniffing dogs have been through the building twice, officials said and have not reported finding bodies or making rescues. On Tuesday, a team of 50 firefighters planned to spend all day long going through the building’s debris.

“It’s absolutely gone. It’s a total loss,” said Rick Plush, president of the building’s management agency, the Heritage Management Corporation, based in Topeka, Kan. “You want to be optimistic, but when you see the level of devastation, you wonder if there aren’t parts of people in the rubble. We are as optimistic as we can be.”

Most of the building’s residents were low- or moderate-income families, including elderly people and families with children, said Amy Thompson, vice president of Heritage Management. About 20 percent of the tenants received federal Section 8 housing vouchers.

The company said that it had set up a special Web site and that it had established a special phone number for tenants to call, but that the whereabouts of only seven or eight tenants had been determined so far.

“When something like this happens, people scatter and I think most people are still in survival mode – making sure they have food and a place to live,”
Ms. Thompson said. “Hopefully within three or four days, we’ll have heard from a lot more people.”

Timothy Williams contributed reporting from New York.

SOURCE

Chernobyl And What To Expect From Fukushima – The Facts

Chernobyl And What To Expect From Fukushima – The Facts
3-29-11

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1) Radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl meltdown spread over 40% of Europe.

2) Nearly 5 million people still live with dangerous levels of radioactive contamination.

3) Most of the Chernobyl radionuclides (up to 57%) fell outside the former USSR and caused noticeable radioactive contamination over a large area of the world ­ practically the entire Northern hemisphere.

4) Levels of radioactive contamination in the first days and weeks after the catastrophe were thousands of times higher than those recorded 2 or 3 years later.

5) When the reactor exploded, it expelled not only gases and aerosols but also particles of U fuel melted together with other radionuclides ­ firm hot particles. When absorbed into the body (with water, food or inhaled air), such particles generate high doses of radiation even if an individual is in an area of low contamination.

6) Lastly, the impact of the 2400 tons (some authors estimate 6720 tons) of lead dumped from helicopters onto the reactor to quench the fire has not been adequately evaluated. A significant part of this lead was spewed out into the atmosphere as a result of its fusion, boiling and sublimation in the burning reactor.

7) In Wales, one of the regions most heavily contaminated by Chernobyl fallout, abnormally low birth weights (less than 1500 g) were noted in 1986 and 1987 (Busby, 1995).

This Girl hasn't forgotten Chernobyl

8) Children from the contaminated areas of Belarus have digestive tract epithelium characteristic of senile changes (Nesterenko, 1996; ebeshko et al, 2006).

9) The biological age of inhabitants from the radioactive contaminated territories of Ukraine exceed their calendar ages by 7 to 9 years (Mezhzherin, 1996)

10) Adverse effects as a result of Chernobyl irradiation have been found in every group that has been studied. Brain damage has been found in individuals directly exposed…Premature cataracts; tooth and mouth abnormalities; and blood, lymphatic, heart, lung gastrointestinal, urologic, bone, and skin diseases afflict and impair people, young and old alike. Endocrine dysfunction, particularly thyroid disease, is far more common than might be expected, with some 1,000 cases of thyroid dysfunction for every case of thyroid cancer, a marked increase after the catastrophe. There are genetic damage and birth defects especially in children of liquidators and in children born in area with high levels of radioisotope contamination.

11) 5.1 Blood and lymphatic system diseases For both children and adults, diseases of the blood and the circulatory and lymphatic systems are among the most widespread consequences of the Chernobyl radioactive contamination.

12) The incidence of diseases of the blood and blood forming organs was 3.8 fold higher among evacuees 9 years after the catastrophe.

13) Diseases of the blood and circulatory system for people living in the contaminated territories (Ukraine) increased 11 to 15 fold for the first 12 years after the catastrophe (1988-1999) Prysyazhnyuk et al 2002).

14) Incidence of hemorrhages in newborns in the contaminated Chechersky District of Gomel Province (Belarus) is more than double than before the catastrophe (Kulakov et al, 1997).

15) In the observation period 1992-1997, there was a 22.1% increase in the incidence of fatal cardiovascular disease liquidators compared to 2.5% in the general population
(Belarus) (Pflugbeil et al, 2006).

16) Changes in genetic structures in both reproductive and somatic cells determine and define the occurrence of many diseases. Ionizing radiation causes damage to hereditary structures. The huge collective dose from the Chernobyl catastrophe (127-150 million persons/rad) has resulted in damage that will span several generations, causing changes in genetic structures and various types of mutations: genomic mutations (change in the number of chromosomes), chromosomal mutations (damage to the structure of chromosomes – translocations, deletions, insertions and inversions), and small (point) mutations.

17) In 1991 in Norway, a 10-fold increase in the number of chromosomal aberrations was found in 56 adults compared to controls (Brogger et al, 1996, Schmitz Feuerhake, 2006).

18) In 1987 in Austria, among 17 adults examined there was a 4-6 fold increase in the number of chromosomal aberrations.

19) There was a doubling of Down syndrome in Lothian, Scotland one of the territories contaminated by Chernobyl (Ramsey et al, 1991).

20) In Norway, cataracts in newborns occurred twice as often
1 year after the catastrophe (Irgens et al, 1991).

21) Incidence of neural tube defects in Turkey increased between 2- and 5-fold after the catastrophe (Hoffman, 2001; Schmitz-Feuerhake, 2006).

22) The most recent forecast by international agencies predicted there would be between 9000 and 28,000 fatal cancers between 1986 and 2056, obviously underestimating the risk factors and the collective doses. On the basis of I-131 and Cs 137 radioisotope doses to which populations were exposed and a comparison of cancer mortality in the heavily and less contaminated territories and pre- and post-Chernobyl cancer levels, a more realistic figure is 212,000 to 245,000 in Europe and 19,000 in the rest of the world.

23) More than 1000 cancer deaths in Norland Province, Sweden, between 1986 and 1999 have been attributed to the Chernobyl fallout (Abdelrahman, 2007).

24) After 20 years the incidence of thyroid cancer among individuals under 18 years of age at the time of the catastrophe increased more than 200-fold (National Belarussian Report, 2006).

25) In the Marne-Ardennes provinces (France) cancer incidence increased 360% in women and 500% in men between 1975 and 2005 (Cherie-Challine et al, 2006).

26) From 1985-1989 to 1990-1992 in Connecticut, USA, rates of thyroid cancer for all age groups increased by 23% (from 3.46 to 4.29 per 100,000, after 10 previous years without change (Reid and Mangano, 1995).

27) In Greece, infants born between 1.7.86 and 31.12.87, exposed to Chernobyl fallout in utero, had 2.6 times the incidence of leukemia compared to children born between 1.1.80 and 31.12.85 and between 1.1.88 and 31.12.90. (Petridou et al, 2004)

28) Changes in the sex ratio and the stillbirth odds ratio for gender were significant for Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, Latvia and Sweden (Scherb and Wiegelt, 2000).

29) Great Britain. Ten months after the catastrophe, a significant increase in perinatal mortality was found in the two most contaminated areas of the country (Bentham, 1991).

30) Sweden. Infant mortality increased immediately after the catastrophe and increased significantly in 1989-1992 (Korblein, 2008).

2. COWS’ MILK SHOWS FIRST SIGNS OF RADIATION

First Japan suffered an earthquake, then a tsunami, then nuclear meltdowns and radiation.

Experts advised the Japanese people not to panic.
Experts advised people that the food was safe to eat, and that radiation had not entered their food supply.

This past week, the world learned that Japanese food and water were tainted with radioactive iodine.

Food is now routinely tested in Japan. The first food to show signs of radiation was cow’s milk. This makes sense, as cows are eating 50-80 pounds of feed each and every day. Radiation is concentrated in their bodies like sponges soaking up water. In a cow, the water is filtered and excreted and the concentrated toxins are consumed by milk drinkers. Twenty-one pounds of milk are required to produce one pound of butter.
Eating butter further concentrates toxins; in this case, radioactivity.

Armed with the knowledge that milk is the perfect barometer to test for the presence of radiation, it would make sense to test for levels of radiation in America’s milk as plumes from Japan are carried by the jet stream over California, Kansas, and then onto New York.

Here is where today’s stupid human trick kicks in.

It would make perfect sense to test milk from California Happy Cows, just in case…Sadly, this is news that the United States Department of Agriculture just does not want to know.

As of March 22, 2011, California milk is not being tested for radiation on a daily basis. As a matter of policy, California’s Department of Public Health routinely tests California milk for radiation once every month. One would assume (love that word) that with jet steams being what they are, and with Japan’s tragedy having the potential to radiate to Americans, it would be a logical human conclusion to want to test milk.

The spokesperson for California’s Department of Public Health, Mike Sicilia, had this stupid human trick comment:

This is typical routine testing and has been done for many years.”

Routine once-per-month testing will continue, because the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sees no reason for caution. California’s Department of Public Health reLIES upon FDA’s lead.

http://rense.com/general93/chern.htm

Media ignoring astronomical radiation levels in Japan

Corporate Media Ignores Astronomical Fukushima Radiation Levels

survival seed vault

Kurt Nimmo
Infowars.com
March 23, 2011

The Kyodo News Agency reports that radiation around the hobbled Fukushima nuclear plant is 1,600 times the normal level. The astounding figure was released to the media by the International Atomic Energy Agency officials on Monday.

Data collected by an IAEA team show that radiation levels of 161 microsievert per hour have been detected in the town of Namie, Fukushima Prefecture, the officials said, according to a report posted by House of Japan.

Tests carried out by IAEA technicians in numerous locations around the plant revealed radiation levels ranging between 2 and 160 microsievert per hour, while the normal level for the area should not exceed 0.1 microsievert per hour, the Russian newsite RIA Novosti reports.

A CBS affiliate in Wisconsin also reported on the high radiation levels that will ultimately be dispersed around the world and will undoubtedly result in unprecedented health problems and premature death from cancer. Most of the corporate media, however, did not bother to report the story.

Reuters reported that there was 500 microsieverts of radiation per hour on March 18 at the site but does not explain what this means. It did not mention the 1,600 number.

Earlier in the week, nuclear energy critic and author Hirose Takashi wrote about the media effort to obfuscate the truth about Fukushima:

Radiation and the Jet Stream

Around Fukushima Daiichi Station they measured 400 millisieverts – that’s per hour. With this measurement (Chief Cabinet Secretary) Edano admitted for the first time that there was a danger to health, but he didn’t explain what this means. All of the information media are at fault here I think. They are saying stupid things like, why, we are exposed to radiation all the time in our daily life, we get radiation from outer space. But that’s one millisievert per year. A year has 365 days, a day has 24 hours; multiply 365 by 24, you get 8760. Multiply the 400 millisieverts by that, you get 3,500,000 the normal dose. You call that safe? And what media have reported this?

The corporate media as the complaisant handmaiden of the elite are obliged to cover up the truth. In the end, all of us – especially our children – will pay for it.

http://www.infowars.com/corporate-media-ignores-astronomical-fukushima-radiation-levels/

Trace amounts of radiation located in California

http://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2011/03/22/trace-amounts-of-radioactive-elements-found-in-anaheim-riverside/

US MILITARY PREPARES EVACUATION OF CITIZENS



US MILITARY LEADS EVACUATION


RADIATIONS ” MUCH MORE DANGEROUS” THAN JAPAN IS ADMITTING

FUKUSHIMA FALLOUT REACHES EUROPE – TRACES “TINY”
Fukushima fallout reaches Europe, but traces tiny

By VERONIKA OLEKSYN, Associated Press Veronika Oleksyn, Associated Press

VIENNA – Minuscule particles of fallout from a damaged power plant in Japan have reached Iceland and are expected in France and elsewhere in Europe, experts said Wednesday, but stressed they don’t pose a health risk.

Japan’s Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear complex was hit March 11 by a huge earthquake and massive tsunami, causing it to release radiation, and sparking fears of widespread contamination.

A plume carrying trace amounts of radioactive iodine has been detected in Iceland, the country’s Radiation Safety Authority said. However, it added, the concentration was “less than a millionth” of what was found in European countries in the wake of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster that spewed radiation over a large distance.

Recollections of the accident’s aftermath continue to haunt many Europeans, putting them on edge as they watch the Japanese nuclear crisis unfold.

We thus conclude that there is no reason to worry about radioactivity levels in Iceland, nor anywhere in Europe, resulting from the nuclear accident in Japan,” said Sigurdur Emil Palsson, head of emergency preparedness.

The International Atomic Energy Agency said Wednesday that the overall situation at the Fukushima plant remains of serious concern. The deposition of radioactive iodine and cesium varies across 10 prefectures on a day to day basis but “the trend is generally upward,” said Graham Andrew, senior adviser to IAEA chief Yukiya Amano.

In contrast, environmental radiation monitoring in the Fukushima prefecture outside the 20 kilometer evacuation zone shows mostly decreasingly values, he added.

French authorities said very weakly contaminated air is expected to reach France on Wednesday while Germany’s Federal Office for Radiation Protection said if and when radiation arrived it would be in marginal amounts that would pose neither a risk to humans or the environment.

The measurements will also be much lower that those after the Chernobyl disaster,” it said in a statement.

Gerhard Wotawa, an expert at Austria’s Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics, said the amounts of radiation detected thus far were a fraction of what people are normally exposed to, adding that doctors, pilots and others are often confronted with much higher concentrations.

For those close to the crippled Japanese plant, the situation is very different — and could keep getting worse.

According to the Austrian institute, local weather conditions at the end of the week could bring more radioactivity inland instead of out into the Pacific.

____

Cassandra Vinograd in London and Geir Moulson in Berlin contributed to this report.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110323/ap_on_re_eu/eu_europe_japan_radiation_2

Alex Jones answers calls on Japanese Radiation and Obama’s Invasion of Libya

PART 2

PART 3

ALEX JONES – www.infowars.com

EARTHQUAKE to strike CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES within WEEKS! RING OF FIRE EARTHQUAKE and NEW MADRID BICENTENNIAL COINCIDE!

Earthquake forecaster Jim Berkland warns of a ‘high risk’ seismic window and potential for a massive quake poised to strike somewhere in North America.


Berkland points to the recent mass fish die-off at King Harbor near Redondo Beach as a harbringer
of a potential catastrophic quake in the near future…

ARKANSAS BIRD KILL

ARE YOU READY FOR THE BIG ONE?
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NEW MADRID BICENTTENIAL – THESE THINGS RUN IN CYCLES

Several of the largest historical earthquakes to strike the continental United States occurred in the winter of 1811-1812 along the New Madrid Seismic Zone, which stretches from just west of Memphis, Tennessee into southern Illinois. These earthquakes produced at least three temblors between magnitude 7-8, and hundreds of aftershocks.

In 2011 and 2012, there will be events held throughout the central United States observing the 200th Anniversary of the great 1811 and 1812 New Madrid earthquakes that forever changed the mid-western landscape. These quakes were felt across the U.S. and as far south as the Gulf of Mexico, and as far north as Canada. Organizations from across the United States will participate in the bicentennial events, which range from conferences, workshops, public outreach events, multi-state earthquake exercises, field trips, and more.

survival seed vault

Organizers of the New Madrid Bicentennial events (NMB) are already planning the following activities:

Official Bicentennial Kickoff – February 11, 2011
2011 Earthquake Awareness Month – Throughout February 2011
2011 Seismological Society of America Meeting – April 13-16, 2011
Great Central U.S. ShakeOut – April 28, 2011 @ 10:15a.m.
National Level Exercise (NLE2011) – May 16-20, 2011
2012 Earthquake Awareness Month – Throughout February 2012
2012 National Earthquake Conference – April 23-27, 2012
2012 EERI Annual Meeting- April 2012
St. Jude Dream Home Partnership – April 2012

http://newmadrid2011.org/

Below is a map overlay of where Nuclear Reactors are in the US and where the possible New Madrid Fault devastation could reach.

US overdue for huge Pacific quake: experts

By Agence France-Presse
Tuesday, March 15th, 2011 — 6:01 pm

WASHINGTON – The western United States is overdue for a huge earthquake and tsunami much like the one that devastated Japan last week, and is nowhere near ready to cope with the disaster, experts say.

A volatile, horseshoe-shaped area known as the Pacific Ring of Fire has recently erupted with quakes in Chile, Japan, Mexico and New Zealand, and seismologists say it is just a matter of time before the next big one hits.

Twin fault lines place the US west at risk: the San Andreas fault that scars the length of California and the lesser-known but more potent Cascadia Subduction Zone off the Pacific Coast.

A 9.0 quake in this underwater fault that stretches from the northern tip of California all the way to Canada’s British Columbia could simultaneously rattle major port cities of Vancouver, Portland and Seattle, unleash a massive tsunami and kill thousands of people.

survival seed vault

From the geological standpoint, this earthquake occurs very regularly,” said geotechnical engineer Yumei Wang, who is the geohazards team leader at the Oregon Department of Geology.

With the Cascadia fault, we have records of 41 earthquakes in the last 10,000 years with an average of 240 years apart. Our last one was 311 years ago so we are overdue,” she said.

Records from the last quake in Cascadia in 1700 AD show that the tsunami it generated killed people in Japan.

Geologists can’t predict exactly when the next earthquake will be but engineers can predict the damage pattern,” said Wang.

Major efforts to retrofit buildings have been underway for decades in western states, but many coastal schools, hospitals and fire and police stations are still housed in older buildings and remain at risk.

“Eight hundred and four of our schools out of 1,355 schools — more than half of them — we think have a high likelihood of collapse in a major earthquake,” she said, referring to the state of Oregon.

In case of a tsunami, experts are also concerned about old structures and elderly or ill people who may live near the water and may find themselves unable to escape a swelling wave.

Quite frankly some of our coastal communities are extensive enough and flat enough that moving inland and uphill is not possible. It is just too far to go,” said Wang.

Engineers have devised a concept for a tsunami shelter where residents could seek higher ground without traveling far inland, but none have yet been built.

All preparedness is local and it varies dramatically over the length of the coast,” said Tom Tobin, president of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

For instance, California has a state law that says all hospitals should be constructed so that they can withstand a major earthquake and still function, Tobin said.

But “since 1971 only one new hospital has been constructed in San Francisco to that higher standard. All the other campuses are in older buildings, some of them dating back to the early 1900s,” he said.

Other big risks include damage to the electricity grid and the potential for a quake to upset Washington state’s shuttered but volatile Hanford nuclear plant which holds 53 million gallons of radioactive waste and is considered the most contaminated nuclear site in America.

We are just not ready,” said Ivan Wong, principal seismologist and vice president at URS, a large international engineering firm.

We are not at all even close to being as prepared the way the Japanese were, and yet you can see the devastation that occurred,” he said.

“I think in the United States we have a hard time convincing people there is a real danger that lies out there on the Pacific northwest coast.”

Even though the quakes along the Pacific Ring of Fire may seem to be happening more regularly, scientists say they have not been able to identify a pattern and the quake in Japan does not necessarily make the United States more vulnerable.

As far as we know, an earthquake… in Japan does not have an effect on any occurrence of earthquakes… say, in California, or any other parts. The main effect it would have is to the adjacent parts, to the north and to the south of that area,” said Jim Whitcomb, geophysicist at the National Science Foundation.

Wong said the next big US quake could be preceded by a foreshock, like the 7.2 one in Japan that came days ahead of the 8.9 event on Friday, or it might come with no warning at all.

“Every earthquake seems to behave in a very different fashion
,” he said.

http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2011/03/15/us-overdue-for-huge-pacific-quake-experts/

Tuesday, January 4, 2011

Is The New Madrid Fault Earthquake Zone Coming To Life?

The American Dream


What in the world is happening in the middle of the United States right now? Thousands of birds are falling dead from the skies, tens of thousands of fish are washing up on shore dead, earthquakes are popping up in weird and unexpected places and people are starting to get really freaked out about all of this. Well, one theory is that the New Madrid fault zone is coming to life. The New Madrid fault zone is six times bigger than the San Andreas fault zone in California and it covers portions of Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi. The biggest earthquakes in the history of the United States were caused by the New Madrid fault. Now there are fears that the New Madrid fault zone could be coming to life again, and if a “killer earthquake” does strike it could change all of our lives forever.

So exactly what events have happened recently that are causing people to take a close look at the New Madrid fault zone? Well, just consider the following examples of things that have been popping up in the news lately….

*According to the U.S. Geological Survey, more than 500 measurable earthquakes have been recorded in central Arkansas just since September.

*A magnitude-3.8 earthquake that shook north-central Indiana on December 30th is being called “unprecedented”. It was strong enough to actually cause cracks along the ground and it was felt in portions of Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin and Kentucky.

*More than 3,000 red-wing blackbirds fell out of the sky dead in the Arkansas town of Beebe on New Year’s Eve.

*Large numbers of dead birds were also found in Kentucky right around Christmas.

*Approximately 500 dead blackbirds and starlings were also recently discovered in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana.

*Approximately 100,000 fish washed up dead on the shores of the Arkansas River.

So could all of these things have some other very simple explanation?

Possibly.

But the fact that they all happened in or around the New Madrid fault zone is starting to raise some eyebrows.

About 200 years ago, in 1811 and 1812, there were four earthquakes that were so powerful in the area of the New Madrid fault zone that they are still talked about today. All four of the quakes were estimated to have been magnitude-7.0 or greater. It is said that those earthquakes opened deep fissures in the ground, caused the Mississippi River to run backwards and that they were felt as far away as Boston.

The last major earthquake to hit the region was a 5.4-magnitude quake that struck the town of Dale, Illinois in 1968. Things have been strangely quiet in the region since then until recently.

If a true “killer earthquake” struck along the New Madrid fault zone today, cities such as St. Louis, Missouri and Memphis, Tennessee could potentially be completely destroyed.

Unfortunately, this is not an exaggeration.

http://www.activistpost.com/2011/01/is-new-madrid-fault-earthquake-zone.html

“And great earthquakes shall be in divers places, and famines, and pestilences; and fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven.”
-Luke 21:11

The NEXT US EarthQuake….

The 7.0 magnitude earthquake that has essentially destroyed the nation of Haiti has refocused attention on the prophecies about earthquakes in the last days that we find in the Scriptures. Yahshua (Jesus) told us that we would see an increase in earthquakes as we approached His coming and that this would be a clear sign that the end times was at hand. Could the unusual shaking that we are currently seeing around the world be an indication that we are approaching the time prophesied almost 2000 years ago?

You see, unfortunately the Haiti earthquake is not an isolated incident. 2010 is already a banner year for major earthquakes.

For example, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake shook the ocean floor between South America and Antarctica on Sunday.

A magnitude 6.0 earthquake hit Guatemala’s Pacific coast near the border with El Salvador on Monday, but fortunately it did not do much damage.

Kaspersky Lab E-Store

There have already been five magnitude 6.0 or greater earthquakes in the area of the Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean so far in 2010.

The annual average of worldwide earthquakes measuring 6.0 or greater is 152. If the current pace continues, we will see 260 in 2010.

The earth is shaking my friends.

But aren’t we safe from such things in most areas of the United States?

Well, no.

U.S. scientists are predicting that a Haiti-magnitude earthquake will strike along the New Madrid fault in the U.S. some time during the next 50 years.

In 1811, an earthquake along the New Madrid fault was so powerful that it “shook windows and furniture in Washington, D.C., rang bells in Richmond, Virginia, sloshed well water and shook houses in Charleston, South Carolina, and knocked plaster off of houses in Columbia, South Carolina.”

At that time the area of the New Madrid fault was not heavily populated, so the damage was somewhat minimized. But if a true “killer quake” were to strike along the New Madrid fault now, it could devastate an area all the way from Chicago down to the mouth of the Mississippi River.

But the New Madrid fault is not the only area of the U.S. that is a concern.

The truth is that residents of California live in perpetual anticipation of a major earthquake, and a flurry of recent earthquake activity all over that state is raising concerns that California could be the next spot to be hit by the Big One.

In fact, a very large number of small earthquakes have been reported all over the state of California in the last 7 days.

So will California be hit by a “killer quake” any time soon?

Let’s hope not.

But scientists are essentially guaranteeing that one will hit that state during our lifetimes.

The Los Angeles Times recently reported on the “Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast” which was released in 2007. That report says that California has a 99.7% chance of a 6.7 magnitude earthquake within 30 years.

A 99.7 percent chance?

Ouch.

While most buildings in California would survive a 7.0 earthquake better than most buildings in Haiti did, the truth is that California may eventually see a killer earthquake that is far, far more powerful than the one that Haiti just witnessed.

In fact, there are those who theorize that a truly massive quake could permanently alter the geography of California.

Seriously.

And if we are to take the words of Yahshua (Jesus) seriously (and we should), then we are only going to see an increase in the frequency and severity of global earthquakes from here on out.

So get ready.

A shaking is coming.

http://signsofthelastdays.com/archives/there-shall-be-earthquakes-in-diverse-places


Friday, March 18, 2011
5 Theories Why We’re Experiencing Increased Earthquake Activity 8.9 Quake Devastates
Activist Post

Planet Earth has experienced a very noticeable up-tick in earthquake activity and intensity over the last five years. Leading up to the great Japan quake, we’ve witnessed the utter devastation from the 2004 Indian Ocean megathrust earthquake and tsunami, the catastrophic Haiti quake, an axis-moving Chile quake in 2010, massive and multiple quakes in New Zealand, and record earthquake swarms hitting Yellowstone and the New Madrid Fault line in middle America culminating with the worst earthquake in 35 years to hit the area, and many more.

The devastating effects on human civilization are on full display in the most recent 8.9 earthquake in Japan. The powerful quake and corresponding tsunami showed that not even a fully developed nation with the world’s third largest economy can withstand nature’s fury. This was also evident in the New Zealand quakes which continue to demolish the first-world city of Christchurch.

Evidence of increased tectonic activity aside, the great Japan quake of 2011 will go down as the event that finally woke up humanity from their slumber to recognize the potential damage quakes can and will cause. The huge quakes in Haiti and Chile last year indicated the power of such activity, but the effects of the nuclear meltdown happening in Japan will likely have global consequences that force society to challenge our conventional path.

This new awareness of our fragile existence in the face of such powerful forces of nature has brought about many theories as to why earthquake activity is increasing. Many will brush it off as natural occurrences without understanding that everything in nature is caused by something, whether or not it can be seen or measured. Indeed, we are witnessing many earth changes happening for the first time in modern history. And perhaps all of these anomalies are connected in some way, or at least compounding nature’s recent wrath.

Here are five theories as to the cause of increased earthquake activity:

Solar and Lunar Activity: Meteorologist and astrophysicist Piers Corbyn claims a combination of solar activity and the extreme lunar cycle is the cause of the increased earthquakes. He’s not alone. On March 9th, NASA reported a powerful solar flare, an X1.5-class explosion from behemoth sunspot 1166 around 2323 UT, which they said would cause ‘global disturbances’. On March 10th, Space.com posed the question “Will March 19 ‘Supermoon’ Trigger Natural Disasters?” The very next day, the third largest earthquake ever recorded struck Japan. Many scientist have speculated the “Supermoon“, set for peak arrival tomorrow, is causing gravitational disturbances because it is the closest the celestial body has been to the Earth in 18 years.

Pole Shift:
As the magnetic pole continues to wander rapidly toward Russia, it has led to speculation that this might be leading to the record number of earthquakes seen in 2010, as well as the recent mega-quakes. According to proponents of this theory, pole shift is a geomagnetic event that exerts pressure on the Earth’s tectonic plates. As the pole wanders, the core and plates realign producing fluctuations and great upheaval until the crust can stabilize. The lights in the sky that have been recorded just prior to earthquakes may be evidence of the natural harmonic activity of the geomagnetic flux.


Geomagnetic Pole Shift/Wikimedia

HAARP:
Researchers into the potential for earthquake creation cite HAARP and its various counterpart arrays around the world as a principal theory for recent mega-quakes such as those in Haiti, Chile, and now Japan. HAARP is a billion watt microwave that bounces frequencies off the ionosphere. Admitted functions are for ground penetrating radar, which some believe is a dangerous application that involves using frequencies that can disrupt the Earth’s natural magnetic field. In fact, the Department of Defense gave a briefing on the subject while discussing weapons of mass destruction in 1997. As observable evidence of such atmospheric tampering, researchers point to the correlations between visual anomalies such as colorful light displays and a characteristic wave pattern with a “punch hole” evident in cloud formations associated with these recent mega-quakes.

JESSE VENTURA HAARP

Climate Change: Some climatologists believe that shifting ice caps can have an effect on tectonic activity because the massive weight of the ice is changing locations. Global warming alarmists have sought to pin the great Japan quake on the disappearing ice, however they seem to lose some credibility as polar ice is actually increasing according to U.S. Navy Polar Ice Prediction System. Yet, it seems feasible that even shifting ice, which appears to be moving in the direction of the North Pole shift, may indeed affect the flotation of the earth’s outer crust. This could conceivably cause some tectonic movement and be partially related to some earthquake activity.


Shifting Polar Ice – U.S. Navy Polar Ice Prediction System

Gas Fracking: Since September of 2010, nearly 800 earthquakes rattled Arkansas and the New Madrid Fault Line. The entire state only experienced 38 quakes in 2009. Hydraulic fracturing is the most likely cause of increased earthquakes. Hydraulic fracturing (fracking) pumps water and chemicals into the ground at a pressurized rate exceeding what the bedrock can withstand, resulting in a microquake that produces rock fractures. A close look at Arkansas’ history of earthquakes and drilling reveals a shockingly noticeable surge in quake frequency following advanced drilling. Although, fracking is now a global technique for finding natural gas, it’s unlike to be the cause of major earthquakes in Japan, New Zealand, Chile, or Haiti.

PROPHECIES AND VISIONS

Pastor Kilpatrick wants to share with his partners and friends the following vision and dream he had in April and May 2008. He has never posted a vision or dream on the internet, but after talking with some close friends, intercessors, as well as those in prophetic ministry he has agreed to do so. His intentions are not to alarm the Church or the public, but to forewarn us to pray concerning what he has seen. At this time, we do not have the full revelation or meaning of this vision and dream, but know that the Lord is trying to warn us and prepare us for the days ahead. Please help us pray to the Lord concerning this matter.

Sunday, April 27, 2008 – Vision

kirkpatrickAs I was approaching the Daphne Civic Center for Sunday morning service at Church of His Presence, I had a vision which lasted for about two or three seconds. In this vision, I saw the ground buckling before me. It was so real that I actually moved aside to avoid what I was seeing. I knew immediately that it was an earthquake, and the thought crossed my mind that the damages of this earthquake could have the potential to exceed those of Hurricane Katrina of 2005. Please understand that I am not saying that the Lord told me this. It merely crossed my mind.

Tuesday, May 20, 2008 – Dream

I awoke trembling and shaking at 5:00 in the morning after having a startling dream. This was one of the three most profound dreams that I have ever had during the ministry the LORD has called me to. I feel that this dream is an addendum to the vision I had on April 27, 2008.

In this dream I saw the words “wind and water.” I only saw the words but did not actually see any wind or water damage. I then found myself overlooking a river which instantly became so wide that I could no longer see either of its banks.

The dream then shifted, and I was with one of my parishioners running through what appeared to be an old abandoned school house. This empty building began to shake. The shaking was so violent and severe that it was like the bucking of a wild horse tossing us around. My teeth were clapping so hard from the impact that I tried to clench them to prevent this from happening.

In this dream I knew I was experiencing a massive earthquake. The sounds were so catastrophic that the thought crossed my mind that the devastation could likely exceed Hurricane Katrina of 2005. I did not see the devastation behind me; I only heard it. In all of my life I have never heard such catastrophic sounds. These were the scariest sounds I have ever heard.

The dream then shifted once more and concluded with two names on what appeared to be an old Spanish map. One name read Indianola and the other Europa. When I awoke, I was shaking as if I had chills and a fever. I could not stop trembling. All through the day I felt as if I had just had the dream 10 minutes ago.

This dream so shook me that my wife and I immediately went to the internet to do some research. I also contacted some close friends in the ministry and reliable intercessors concerning this dream. What we found was startling. There are towns called Indianola, IL; Europa, MO; and Indianola, MS. These towns run in a line from North to South with Europa, MO being near the middle of them. The Mississippi River runs between them with Europa, MO being by the epicenter of the New Madrid fault.

After seeing this, I believe the dream could be concerning a devastating earthquake on the New Madrid fault. Many reputable friends in ministry have felt that this dream was not to be interpreted as a spiritual dream because they felt that it has literal implications. Even now the intensity of this dream is the same.

I do not want to come across as an alarmist concerning what I saw. I also don’t want to put fear in the public or the Body of Christ. However, I cannot help but feel that God gave me this as warning to prepare us for the days ahead and to pray concerning this matter.

Please know that I did not see any timeframe as to when this may happen. Please pray with me concerning this vision and dream.

If you have any comments, you can send them to [email protected]

John Kilpatrick
Church of His Presence

John Kilpatrick pastored Brownsville Assembly of God in Pensacola, FL for 22 years. During his tenure there, he had the privilege of pastoring the Brownsville Revival which began on Father’s Day of 1995. Currently, he is the founder and senior pastor of Church of His Presence in Daphne, AL and president of John Kilpatrick Ministries. In addition to pastoring, he continues to preach across the nation and fulfill his apostolic call to mentor and pastor other ministers.

Published Nov. 5, 1999: Scientists warn fault at New Madrid does pose serious threat

http://www.elijahlist.com/words/display_word/6500

By Andy Mead — Herald-Leader Staff Writer
: 8:12am on Mar 16, 2011

Another volley will be fired today in what might be called the Middle America Quake Wars.

In today’s issue of Science, a team of researchers report they have looked closely at the New Madrid earthquake fault and found that the potential for a large quake is “a serious threat.”

By large quake, they mean strong enough to severely damage places like Memphis, St. Louis and Paducah. Strong enough to break levees along 150 miles of the Mississippi River. Strong enough to rattle Lexington.

That view counters an article in the same publication last spring that found that predictions of a large quake had been overstated.

The earlier research sent tremors through the ranks of scientists who study the New Madrid fault, an ancient scar in the Earth’s crust miles beneath the area where Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee, Arkansas and Illinois meet.

Some scientists, including John Kiefer, an assistant director of the Kentucky Geological Survey, worried that downplaying New Madrid’s threat could lead to weakening building codes in the region.

The New Madrid fault is not as well known as some in other parts of the world, but that’s because it hasn’t caused a major shake in a while. In 1811 and 1812, the fault produced what might have been among the strongest earthquakes ever felt in North America.

There were no seismographs at the time, but the new study estimates that they would have registered a magnitude of 7.5.

There were few people living in this part of the country at that time, but one of the quakes was said to have rung church bells as far away as Boston and Washington, D.C. There were reports of the Mississippi running backward.

The team of scientists who wrote the earlier article was led by geologist Seth Stein of Northwestern University. They used Global Positioning System satellites to measure movement at various places in the region of the fault.

They found so little movement that they concluded that a huge earthquake was not likely to ever happen, and that the giant quakes of the last century might not have been as strong as now thought .

Research for the current article was headed by Karl Mueller, a geologist at Colorado University-Boulder.

They took a very different approach from Stein’s team, using backhoes to dig long trenches in the area around Tennessee’s Reelfoot Lake.

That allowed them to measure “kink bands” that are formed as the land is pushed upward. Then they used a technique that enhanced relief maps of the area. They also mapped the small quakes that happen frequently.

Their research shows that the fault has stored enough energy since 1811-1812 to produce an earthquake of about a 6.5 magnitude today, although they don’t predict when it will happen.

“Our evidence shows the New Madrid seismic zone is indeed a threat,” Mueller said. “For the first time we can see how fast the earthquake engine is running and how long it takes to build up energy for a quake.”

http://www.kentucky.com/2011/03/16/1672575/published-nov-5-1999-scientists.html

An Earthquake Along the New Madrid Fault Line Could Affect More Than 15 million Americans in Eight States

Wednesday, 16-Mar-2011 18:08:04

Quake Along New Madrid Fault Line Could Devastate Central U.S.

An earthquake along the New Madrid fault line could affect more than 15 million Americans in eight states, according to an August 2009 report by the U.S. Geological Survey. The report suggests that a major quake along the New Madrid fault line — centered in the central part of the U.S. — could significantly impact several states, including Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee. One area at particular risk from a 7.0 or 8.0 quake is Memphis, which the study says is not prepared to withstand that type of damage given its “aging infrastructure.”

The study goes on to say that although Tennessee’s infrastructure — including buildings, highways, and response efforts — would be overwhelmed as a result of such an event, cities like St. Louis, Little Rock and “many small and medium sized cities would also sustain damage.”

FEMA says South Carolina, located above an active fault line, is also at risk for the potential of a “catastrophic” earthquake. In 1886, Charleston, S.C. experienced a 7.6 earthquake that, with a 2008 population in excess of 348,000, would do significant damage to the state’s coastal area.

http://abcnewsradioonline.com/knoxville/quake-along-new-madrid-fault-line-could-devastate-central-us.html


AREAS MOST AT RISK

“Nation will go to war against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in many parts of the world, as well as famines. But this is only the first of the birth pains, with more to come.” Mark 13:8


New Madrid Fault & Arkansas Earthquakes Spur Fears In The Midwest

February 28, 2011

Recently, we have seen a dramatic increase in sales of products to customers in the Midwest. The reason for this increase in sales would seem intuitive — Midwestern states have been getting routinely hammered by the epic winter snows of 2011; and indeed, this is partially the case. However, after interviewing a handful of our customers from the Midwest, we made a new and rather sobering discovery — many of these customers are becoming increasingly worried about the New Madrid Seismic Zone, an increase in Arkansas earthquakes, and the strange (and poorly explained) deaths of thousands of birds and fish in the region, and they are planning for the worst.

When most people in the United States think of Seismic Zones, they generally think of California. With the San Andreas Fault slicing more than 800 miles through California – a massive fissure separating the North Atlantic and Pacific plates – and a history of attention-grabbing tremors to remind us of it’s volatility, California generally wins the prize as the earthquake high-risk zone of note. But it may surprise you to learn that there is another active seismic zone in the United States, one that is responsible for this country’s four largest earthquakes ever, with magnitudes exceeding 8.0, and it isn’t on the west coast.

It’s in the Midwest.

Specifically, this active region, called the New Madrid Fault, lurks under a four-state area including Arkansas, Missouri, Tennessee, and Kentucky, but has the potential to affect a region that is far greater. In fact, in a cluster of earthquakes that began in December of 1811 and continued into February 1812, referred to as the ’1811-1812 Earthquake Series’ and one of the worst in this country’s history, the New Madrid Fault shook so hard that church bells on the east coast started ringing. People as far away as New York City and Boston could feel the rumbling. One tremor, located almost exactly under the spot where Memphis is found today, shook so hard the river appeared to flow upstream. As Wiki states,

“The future location of Memphis, Tennessee was shaken at Mercalli level nine intensity. Local uplifts of the ground and water waves moving upstream gave the illusion that the river was flowing upstream. At New Madrid, trees were knocked down and riverbanks collapsed. This event shook windows and furniture in Washington, D.C., rang bells in Richmond, Virginia, sloshed well water and shook houses in Charleston, South Carolina, and knocked plaster off of houses in Columbia, South Carolina. In Jefferson, Indiana, furniture moved and in Lebanon, Ohio, residents fled their homes.”

A similar earthquake today would be devastating, and would likely result in thousands of deaths, billions of dollars of damage to structures and critical infrastructure, and the displacement of millions of people. Indeed, it would be an earthquake event of biblical proportions. Which is why, of course, people that live in this region of the country are becoming increasingly concerned.

It doesn’t help that recent earthquakes have rattled the ground and nerves of Arkansans, plus the unexplained fish and bird deaths which have pockmarked the same region have people all-a-jitter. All of this has understandably sparked wild and fanciful, and in some cases outlandish speculation as to what might be really going on. From HAARP testing, to a 2012 pole shift, to oil industry gas ‘fracking’ gone amok, to biblical End Times geophysical volatility, the wild-eyed conspiratorial musings about the New Madrid fault zone would be downright hilarious were it not for one small exception…and that exception is that it appears as if FEMA has taken a sudden interest in the New Madrid Fault and is actively planning for a potentially devastating event.

In late January 2011, FEMA distributed a series of RFIs (Request For Information) to potential vendors to provide food, blankets, fuel and other resources in the event of a New Madrid earthquake. The language in the request is sobering, “The purpose of this Request for Information is to identify sources of supply for meals in support of disaster relief efforts based on a catastrophic disaster event within the New Madrid Fault System for a survivor population of 7M to be utilized for the sustainment of life during a 10-day period of operations.” FEMA is essentially soliciting a vendor (or vendors) to provide in excess of 14 million meals for a New Madrid event, for ten days.

That’s right — 140 million meals.

Conspiracy theories aside, the timing of these requests are strangely coincident with the earthquakes and widespread bird and fish kill in the region, which, not surprisingly, has caused this thing to go viral. And even a rational mind has to stop and meditate on the timing of these requests.

Keep in mind, FEMA is paid to look for potential risks and then take appropriate steps to mitigate the associated hazards. Preparing for the low-probability, high-consequence event is what they do (or at least what they should be doing). So, taking steps to prepare for a New Madrid event seems both logical and responsible. But…the question nevertheless begs, why now? What changed in 2011 to cause FEMA to suddenly take the New Madrid seriously, given that the hazard has been there for hundreds of years?

Is there a relationship between the dramatic increase in seismic events in northern Arkansas, the bizarre die off of birds and fish in the same area, and the sudden interest in the New Madrid Fault zone by FEMA?

Is all this coincidence or conspiracy?

And that gnawing uncertainty appears to be motivating a lot of people into action.

Whether there is anything to the timing or not, it is always best to be prepared.

Kevin Baum is co-founder of SurvivalOutpost.com, an Austin-based on-line business specializing in Emergency Preparedness Supplies and Survival Equipment for individuals, families and businesses. The SurvivalOutpost philosophy is to balance reason with readiness, and to encourage knowledge and self-sufficiency as tools to survive in an increasingly uncertain world.

HAARP WILL TARGET NEW MADRID FAULT NEXT?

PLEASE PASS THIS ON!

This video has PROOF that TPTB are tooling with the New Madrid Faultline!

www.shakeout.org (FEMA’s drills along the faultline)

www.eutimes.net (Top US Official Murdered After Arkansas Weapons Test Causes Mass Death)

www.greatdreams.com (NEW MADRID FAULT BEWARE)

www.filedropper.com (Declassified document obtained through Freedom of Information Act in regards to electronic harassment, and FREQUENCIES.)

www.theamericannightmare.org (General Reading)

www.scchealth.org (St. Charles County Division of Emergency Management)

[link to www.filedropper.com] (PROOF that HAARP is training it’s target on New Madrid! Wichita, KS or Birmingham, AL. in the triangle’s cross-hairs!)

[link to www.scribd.com] (U.S. ARMY NORTH)

[link to www.dis.anl.gov]

Consequence Assessment, or “If you thought Hurricane Katrina was big…”

This is from the Virginia Tech article:

The results indicate that Tennessee, Arkansas, and Missouri are most severely impacted. Illinois and Kentucky are also impacted, though not as severely as the previous three states. Nearly 715,000 buildings are damaged in the eight-state study region. About 42,000 search and rescue personnel working in 1,500 teams are required to respond to the earthquakes. Damage to critical infrastructure (essential facilities, transportation and utility lifelines) is substantial in the 140 impacted counties near the rupture zone, including 3,500 damaged bridges and nearly 425,000 breaks and leaks to both local and interstate pipelines. Approximately 2.6 million households are without power after the earthquake. Nearly 86,000 injuries and fatalities result from damage to infrastructure. Nearly 130 hospitals are damaged and most are located in the impacted counties near the rupture zone. There is extensive damage and substantial travel delays in both Memphis, Tennessee, and St. Louis, Missouri, thus hampering search and rescue as well as evacuation. Moreover roughly 15 major bridges are unusable. Three days after the earthquake, 7.2 million people are still displaced and 2 million people seek temporary shelter. Direct economic losses for the eight states total nearly $300 billion, while indirect losses may be at least twice this amount.

They do mention loss of nuclear facilities…but only to do with the impact of losing the electrical power they generate, in a quick re-reading, I can’t find anything about radiation releases. Those facilities are built like iron fortresses, but I doubt they could withstand the 7.7 quake they are calling for in this simulation.

Gee, I wonder where FEMA plans to put 2 million people seeking temporary shelter? (Written by Ginny in an email response)

The epicenter will likely be near the 3 towns in the triangulated area!!!!

***UPDATE 2/2/11***

HAARP ACTIVITY for 2/1/11 and 2/2/11 –

SNOW STORM CAUSED BY HAARP!!! Lots of activity in the New Madrid Fault Region.

SOIL LIQUEFACTION [link to en.wikipedia.org]

THIS IS PART OF THE EARTHQUAKE PREPARATION PROCESS. They just finished dumping over TWO FEET of snowfall that fell mostly over the New Madrid Fault.

When the snow melts and the soil liquefies this will help in triggering the major earthquake some people have been predicting.

They used HAARP to manufacture the storm, Fema is preparing for it!!

The “oil volcano” unleashed by the BP oil spill renewed seismic activity in that part of the world. ALL PLANNED!!

Those large magnitude 7 earthquakes in the past year that displaced the tectonic plates are something to worry about. If the crust has been shifted downwards by several meters along a fault line of 1000+ miles for a width of a mile or more, that’s going to displace some volume of underlying magma, which is going to go somewhere else

It also depends on whether the ground is soft or hard (they are making sure it’s soft) as well as the depth of the earthquake and the polarization of the shock waves (vertical, horizontal).

When sediments liquefy, they lose their structure and strength. During earthquake shaking, the individual grains of sand within a deposit collapse on each other.

Anything built on them can sink or collapse.

Picture a container of balls of slightly different sizes–baseballs, golf balls, marbles. If they were transported by water into the container and then deposited, they would settle with spaces between them. Some of the spaces would be filled with water, some with air. When you shake the container, the balls settle against each other, and the water and air are forced to the surface. That is exactly what happens in a sediment-filled valley. The valley is a large container holding gazillions of balls or grains of sand. Shaking the container simulates an earthquake.

Interesting to note is the United States Army announced last week that it is holding a rare training event involving the US Military, the CIA, Canadian officers, US Treasury and State departments, the US Agency for International Development, the Defense Threat Readiness Agency and the International Red Cross between March 21-25 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, and which should the worst happen they will certainly be prepared for it.
[link to www.kansascity.com]

When the New Madrid fault is triggered by HAARP there is also a branch fault zone that runs off it and that could be triggered as well. Due to HAARP, the destabilizing of the Gulf of Mexico seafloor bed, and what could result. If you destabilize the sea floor in the gulf (BP oil spill) then totally collapse the sea floor (with a nuke), and then use HAARP to activate weak areas of the New Madrid and its branch line the Wabash Valley.


Then you can create a dreaded double mega quake. Because the New Madrid and Wabash Valley can be activated by the Caribbean plate being disturbed. The Wabash Valley could be set off by HAARP targeting its parent fault zone the New Madrid. Wabash Valley could produce a 7.5 in Illinois with the same variables as New Madrid. Meaning that a 7.5 there is much stronger than a 7.5 anywhere else.

If the US military were to set off a nuke now, at the BP oil cap, and then were to put HAARP into kill mode at New Madrid, we are talking about something that is biblical in nature. We are talking about something equivalent to a 10.2 earthquake if it happened in California, Chile, Alaska, Cascadia, Indonesia.

We are talking about a quake cluster sequence that could destroy even the Great Lakes region and that could flood the entire center of the US and that could permanently split North America into two separate islands.

New Madrid fault is sitting on a failed rift valley! Mississippi River flows on this rift zone. A place where the North American continent almost split into two pieces. BP has been drilling, punctured a hole in the rift on the edge of the seismic zone in the Gulf. Convenient timing, they are starting up the stories again about the oil leaking from fractured sea floor. [link to 204.74.214.194] (Godlike thread title – BREAKING NEWS: 100 x 25 mile oil slick seen leaking from fractured sea floor near Deepwater Horizon). They will say that the only way to stop the oil from seeping out will be to nuke it. NOTE: There is more methane coming up instead of oil. What happens when you nuke methane on the edge of a unstable rift and use HAARP at the same time???? KABOOM!!! BIBLICAL EARTHQUAKE!!

What in the world is happening in the middle of the United States right now? Thousands of birds are falling dead from the skies, tens of thousands of fish are washing up on shore dead, earthquakes are popping up in weird and unexpected places and people are starting to get really freaked out about all of this. Well, one theory is that the New Madrid fault zone is coming to life. The New Madrid fault zone is six times bigger than the San Andreas fault zone in California and it covers portions of Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee and Mississippi. The biggest earthquakes in the history of the United States were caused by the New Madrid fault. Now there are fears that the New Madrid fault zone could be coming to life again, and if a “killer earthquake” does strike it could change all of our lives forever.

So exactly what events have happened recently that are causing people to take a close look at the New Madrid fault zone? Well, just consider the following examples of things that have been popping up in the news lately….

*According to the U.S. Geological Survey, more than 500 measurable earthquakes have been recorded in central Arkansas just since September.

*A magnitude-3.8 earthquake that shook north-central Indiana on December 30th is being called “unprecedented”. It was strong enough to actually cause cracks along the ground and it was felt in portions of Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin and Kentucky.

*More than 3,000 red-wing blackbirds fell out of the sky dead in the Arkansas town of Beebe on New Year’s Eve.

*Large numbers of dead birds were also found in Kentucky right around Christmas.

*Approximately 500 dead blackbirds and starlings were also recently discovered in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana.

*Approximately 100,000 fish washed up dead on the shores of the Arkansas River just last week.

So could all of these things have some other very simple explanation?

Possibly.

But the fact that they all happened in or around the New Madrid fault zone is starting to raise some eyebrows.

About 200 years ago, in 1811 and 1812, there were four earthquakes that were so powerful in the area of the New Madrid fault zone that they are still talked about today. All four of the quakes were estimated to have been magnitude-7.0 or greater. It is said that those earthquakes opened deep fissures in the ground, caused the Mississippi River to run backwards and that they were felt as far away as Boston.

The last major earthquake to hit the region was a 5.4-magnitude quake that struck the town of Dale, Illinois in 1968. Things have been strangely quiet in the region since then until recently.

If a true “killer earthquake” struck along the New Madrid fault zone today, cities such as St. Louis, Missouri and Memphis, Tennessee could potentially be completely destroyed.

Unfortunately, this is not an exaggeration.

The following video describes just how incredibly powerful the earthquakes along the New Madrid fault in 1811 and 1812 actually were….

So could such a thing happen today?

Well, that is exactly what many seismologists now fear. The following video news report from ABC News explains why so many scientists are so concerned about the New Madrid fault zone….

One interesting theory is that the “oil volcano” unleashed by the BP oil spill in 2010 may have sparked renewed seismic activity in that part of the world.

Jack M. Reed, a retired Texaco geologist-geophysicist, has been carefully studying the geology of the Gulf of Mexico for over 40 years. Reed is convinced that the Gulf of Mexico is currently tectonically active, and that the Gulf of Mexico is the source for most seismic activity along the New Madrid fault.

According to Reed, there is substantial evidence that the New Madrid fault zone is directly connected to “deeply buried tectonics” in the Gulf of Mexico….

“This entire zone through the United States is suffering some type of tectonic activity that I believe is tied to the deeply buried tectonics in the Gulf of Mexico.”

So did BP disturb those “deeply buried tectonics” by drilling such a deep well and unleashing all that oil that flowed into the Gulf of Mexico?

Let’s hope not.

If a truly historic earthquake did strike along the New Madrid fault the amount of damage that could be done to surrounding states such as Illinois, Kentucky, Mississippi, Indiana, Alabama, Missouri, Arkansas and Tennessee could potentially be unimaginable.

Jeremy Heidt of the Tennessee Emergency Management Agency says that life in the region would be instantly transformed in the event of a major earthquake along the New Madrid fault….

“All communications would be out. All air travel would be out as the FAA air control would go down. All rail travel would fail. Ports would shut down; oil and natural gas pipelines could be off line.”

According to a recent study by the University of Illinois, a 7.7-magnitude earthquake along the New Madrid fault would leave 3,500 people dead, more than 80,000 injured and more than 7 million homeless.

So what would happen if an 8.0 earthquake struck?

Or an 8.5?

Or a 9.0?

Remember, an 8.7-magnitude earthquake would be ten times worse than a 7.7-magnitude earthquake.

There are even some who believe that if a powerful enough earthquake hit the New Madrid fault someday it could potentially alter the surrounding geography enough that it could actually create a new major body of water in the middle of the United States.

So, no, it is not just California that needs to worry about “the Big One“.

Right now seismic activity has been dramatically increasing all over the globe. Just think of the unprecedented number of volcanic eruptions that we have seen over the past year. Major earthquakes have been popping up all along the “Ring of Fire“. Just over the past couple of days a magnitude-7.1 earthquake hit central Chile and a magnitude-7.0 earthquake struck northern Argentina.

So to think that “it can’t happen” in the United States is just being totally naive.

Let us hope and pray that a devastating earthquake does not hit the New Madrid fault any time soon, because such an event could completely wipe out our economy. The U.S. economy is already teetering on the brink of disaster, and all it would take is one major blow to bring the entire house of cards crashing down.

Just remember what happened in Haiti. A magnitude-7.0 earthquake killed 230,000 people and caused such horrific devastation that it is still hard to even try to put it into words. Let us hope and pray that nothing like that happens in any U.S. city any time soon.

http://maxi-pulsa.com/new-madrid-fault-arkansas-earthquakes-spur-fears-in-the-midwest/

EARTHQUAKES IN DIVERSE PLACES….NOT IF, BUT WHEN

Earthquakes and the New Madrid Fault Line

Fracking is linked to your price for a gas fill up. The jury is still out on whether it’s linked to earthquakes. Why the many quakes lately, 50 miles north of Little Rock? See drilling suspended which gives a possible reason for the 900 quakes since last fall. more Check past week quakes to see whether quakes near Greenbrier and Guy subsided after Mar 4 suspension of fracking.

From 2002 to 2009 fewer Mo. homes insured for quake damage. Coverage cost doubled in several counties. Less than half the homes are covered. Mo insurance commissioner calls on insurers to offer better products. Missouri quake insurance stats

Is the New Madrid fault dying? A few college professors have declared it dying. They’ve been saying this for more than a decade, but the reports resurface as news every several months. The latest (from the same folks) is a July 2010 article in Nature Magazine saying that flooding from glacier melt washed away lots of topsoil, causing a springing-rebound effect that caused the 1811-12 big ones.

Here’s a post-Haiti wrap on whether the fault is dying. Also see differing expert opinions below. Consider the financial headache of planners unsure how stringent the construction codes should be. A few million dollars’ extra safety construction is enough to steer potential industry elsewhere. We may see increasing public argument on how much government money (that we don’t have) should be spent prepping for another series of New Madrid “big ones” (above magnitude seven).

Casting doubt – A June 2010 AP story says a new study casts doubt that the New Madrid fault zone unleashed a series of quakes in 1811-12. We believe the story is highly misleading. The study is five years old, and its author says she did not intend to imply such.

The 1811-12 quakes were only M 7.0 or so, not in the high sevens or eights, concludes researcher Susan Hough in spring, 2010. Maybe the ringing church bells were in Charleston, SC, not the Charlestown area of Boston. Charleston, SC is 600 air miles, not 1,000, and is in low-lying seacoast, more prone to amplify the shaking.

Suggesting these are just aftershocks and therefore (the New Madrid fault) is dead doesn’t follow,” says Susan Hough of the USGS (11/09). “We have a seismic zone that produces earthquake clusters. The odds that it has shut off are pretty low.”

You don’t want to be so open-minded that your brains fall out.” – Hough

“Saying that earthquakes will suddenly stop in an area that has had numerous large earthquakes in the past is an extraordinary claim. Extraordinary claims need extraordinary evidence. We simply do not have the deep understanding necessary to make a prediction like this.”

“As scientists, we will play with all sorts of ideas trying to understand why earthquakes occur. However, as responsible citizens, we need to rely on the consensus process to give the public our best estimate of hazard. The consensus exists.”

It is there for government officials, emergency planners and the public to use. Please don’t mistake ongoing scientific debate as lack of consensus.”

Charles A. Langston is director of the Center for Earthquake Research and Information at the University of Memphis. 2/5/10 Memphis Commercial Appeal guest editorial

2/10 – Missouri’s Governor convened a panel of officials in New Madrid who are on the front line of emergency response. From AP:

Missouri state geologist Joe Gillman said an earthquake the magnitude of the 1811-12 quakes is expected to happen just once every 500 years. But a moderate quake with a magnitude 6.0 to 6.5 is expected to happen every 90 years, and the last one was in the late 1800s.

We are due, if not overdue, for a moderate-sized earthquake,” Gillman said. “Such a quake could devastate power lines and underground water and wastewater pipes, and many buildings could crumble.”

PBS / NOVA: “The rocks reveal a pattern of violent Midwestern earthquakes stretching back at least 15,000 years. The 1811, 1812 quakes weren’t a freak one-time event. And if they happened many times before, then they will probably happen again.”

Two newly-discovered faults nearby. Marianna, Ark., and:Porter’s Gap / Meeman-Shelby fault – 30 mi. long, along bluffs NW of Memphis.

Evidence of a significant shake 2,000 years ago. “We don’t know whether the fault is inactive or quiescent. Faults like this, far away from the plate boundaries, have a long repeat time. They might be quiescent for 1,000 to 3,500 years and then, all of a sudden, trigger a magnitude 8.0.”
Maria Beatrice Magnani, CERI, Mar 2010

“All of the experts on our committee, other state agencies that we’ve talked to, other structural engineers and seismologists agree that the threat of an earthquake in the New Madrid area is great and still exists, and that we should do everything we can to prepare for that and to try to mitigate the effects of an event like that.” -Ark. State Police Lt. Lindsey Williams, to a state legislative committee. – Jan. 2008

Missouri quake insurance Feb 2010

The New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) lies directly above an ancient failed rift, the New Madrid Fault. About 550 million years ago, a rift began to form under the present day site of New Madrid [Vogel, 1996].

For unknown reasons, the rift failed and subsequently became filled with sediment. Similarly, 180 million years ago, as the Atlantic Ocean began to open, a rift developed near present day Charleston. This rift was successful. Over the next 180 million years, the margin of continental North America moved thousands of kilometers away from the spreading center, but the crust around Charleston, known as a passive margin, remains faulted [Johnston and Kanter, 1990].

The New Madrid (MAD’rud) Seismic Zone, midway between St. Louis and Memphis, has a history of shaking violently, about every 500 years. When it shook for three months in 1811-12, this was the western frontier, and the population was sparse. If it shook with that magnitude again, the devastation would make Hurricane Katrina look “like a Sunday School picnic.”

The New Madrid fault system is a series of faults several miles below the surface. Experts say we’re overdue for a “6” like the one in 1895 which shook down buildings in the Charleston, Mo. area. The “big ones” of 1811-12 were probably “7”s, accompanied by a few thousand smaller ones over 4-6 months.

Each unit of the Richter Scale is a tenfold increase in the relative size of an earthquake. A magnitude 6.0 is ten times the size of a magnitude 5.0, and one hundred times the size of a 4.0. But energy release is a different matter. A magnitude 6.0 releases 32 times more energy than a magnitude 5.0, and about one thousand times more energy than a magnitude 4.0 — CERI

Tectonic plates rubbing – graphicMost earthquakes happen when the edges of continent-sized pieces of rock called “tectonic plates” rub against each other. But New Madrid is in the middle of such a plate.

Differing expert opinions – from Nature.com magazine, 2005

Dangerous, yes | Not threatening

Two sharply conflicting press releases within four minutes of each other on Dec. 11th. 2006:

We urge you to take the newsworthiness of this “with a grain of salt“. Calais has focused on the rebound from the weight of ancient glaciers (2005) as causing quakes. Stein has said many times (1999, 2007) NMSZ is “dying”. Zoback (2006). Dr. Mian Liu at Mizzou says quakes, like lightning, never strike twice in same place.
Silent Night, nine days before Christmas, 1811

The famous earthquakes of the New Madrid region began early on December 16th, 1811. The weather was “indian summer,” a mild 45 degrees (Yes, people were keeping diaries). The stars were almost brighter than the visible sliver of the new moon. Without warning, after 2 a.m. the rocks violently shifted, a few miles below the surface, west of the present Blytheville, Arkansas. map

At 8 a.m., another large shift took place, near the present Cooter and Steele, Missouri. Then at 11 a.m., beneath the present Caruthersville, it happened again. These quakes are in the magnitude range of 7.3 – 8.0 for the 3 main shocks of the 1811-12 sequence (CERI, 2005). Big Lake, just west of Blytheville, was formed on this day.

*
* “(first shake) lasted about a minute… made [residents] totter as though they were on ship board in a heavy swell of the sea” – Savannah Ga
* Lasted from three to five minutes… rattling of glass and furniture was so great as to rouse every family in town.” Knoxville Tn
* [Feb quake] jerking was often repeated and violent. It seemed as if some monstrous weight had rolled or swung almost out of the power of the force which was restraining it. Newbern NC
* [ Dec. quake felt in river bottoms near Buffalo NY ] Husband thought he was having a fit. Wife thought house was on fire. Bells rang through the house. Door, kettle, clothes swung. Felt like house was moving two feet back and forth. Several neighbors felt same. No wind or noise. Would like to account for this on rational principles. (see Newbern NC link)

The population on this western end of the country was still sparse. St. Louis had about 1,200 people, all living in the rock-based Laclede‘s Landing area now near its arch and the river. The future Memphis would not be handed over from the Chickasaws until 1818.

Jan. 1812

Five weeks later, about 8 a.m. January 23, 1812, another big shake struck, north of Caruthersville. The town of Point Pleasant, southeast of Marston, on a point of land sticking into the Mississippi River, completely crashed into the river and was swept away without a trace. The townspeople had all fled, a month earlier. because of the tremors. Eyewitnesses. Little Prairie, near Caruthersville, had a similar fate.

The Granddaddy Quake – Feb. 1812

Perhaps the biggest quake came two weeks later, in the early hours of February 7th, 1812. The dip-slip motion may have produced the strongest quake ever recorded in the United States.

Researcher Otto Nuttli wrote that this quake caused 60 miles of the New Madrid Fault to rupture. This caused waterfalls on the Mississippi, and the river to run backwards for several hours, in the river bends just northeast of New Madrid. This quake also created Reelfoot Lake in Northwest Tennessee.

Today an 800-foot power generation smokestack in St. Jude Industrial Park at Marston (just south of New Madrid, good photo) marks the approximate center of that quake. This could someday become a monument to dumb engineering. There are others.

An AECI – Associated Electric – power plant worker told us they feel a quake in the plant about once a month, amid the turbines and industrial atmosphere, but “everyone is used to it.” The power plant employs 200, and can burn a train load of coal per day. A huge Noranda aluminum processing plant alongside, directly employs more than 1100 people.
Constant Shaking” for five months

There may have been two thousand quakes during these five months of 1811-12. Researchers Ray Knox and David Stewart, in “The New Madrid Fault Finders Guide” say any one of them would make front-page news today. The book describes land deformations from the quakes that may not be obvious to a new observer.

There were no seismographs then. Researchers estimate the strength by studying damage accounts and sandboils. Older texts refer to the the 1811-12 quakes as above 8 on the Richter scale. The Richter scale saturates and does not read the highest intensities, well. A revised magnitude scale estimates them as high 7’s.

The tectonic plate under the New Madrid area was almost pulled apart perhaps more than once, hundreds of millions of years ago. The pulling created a weak zone called a “failed rift”. If it had been separated, the New Madrid area might be on the Atlantic seaboard, and the southeastern US might be attached to Africa. A more recent rift is the Red Sea, separating Africa from Saudi Arabia.

150 -200 Rattles a Year

The New Madrid Fault now rattles its area 150 or more times a year. Many are three to ten miles deep. More on quake depths. Most of the shakes are less than 3.0 in magnitude, cause no damage, and may be felt only for a few miles.

A quake of magnitude four starts making serious news. A “four” quake can be expected every couple of years.

A quake with a six reading on the magnitude scale is serious within 50-100 miles. A six is expected every hundred years. The three “big ones” of the winter of 1811-12 (magnitudes above seven) were felt in Massachusetts and Virginia.

There’s one report that President James Madison felt the 1811-12 quakes and thought intruders were in the White House.

A catastrophic quake, above magnitude seven, can be expected about every 500 years, though scientists say there’s about a ten percent chance of one happening anytime in any 50-year period. Scientists find evidence of big quakes dating to 4000 BC and further, even though the river has washed away much of the older evidence. source

It is not uncommon to have perhaps three small quakes, magnitude 1.5 – 2.0 reported in this area in a single day in the counties surrounding New Madrid and across the river in Lake or Dyer County, Tn. Few people notice. Here’s the last week’s worth.

A resident just north of New Madrid may have a typical reaction to the threat. She told us she “never” feels quakes and is not concerned. She sees the weekly quake list in the local paper, and calmly says “most are over in Tennessee,” perhaps thinking of the 90-minute drive by car. But the prime Tennessee earthquake counties are only 15 air miles from her home.

See en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Madrid_Fault

Sand boils, liquefaction, disappearing highways

Liquefaction is difficult for newcomers to grasp. It can cause a section of heavy interstate highway, or your house to disappear into the sandy soil when the subsurface sand becomes water-saturated, loses its friction, and pressure is applied. Builders also are slow to learn the lesson.

Human casualties could be in the thousands, per county.

I55-155 junction, Caruthersville, an easy candidate for liquefaction. Planners expect sections of I-55 which connects St. Louis and Memphis to be unusable in the Bootheel after a major quake because of liquefaction on roads and bridges.
Pipelines

Some major refined oil and natural gas pipelines go in and near the area (see map), connecting the petroleum fields of Louisiana and Oklahoma to the chilly northeastern states. The MO emergency planning folks say three major lines run through Missouri’s Bootheel. Two pipelines pass through Dexter.

Highway engineers in 2005 replaced a section of Interstate highway near Charleston, Mo. with pre-cast sections trucked from Memphis. The method may be used again in case of Bootheel liquefaction.

Rail, air, trucking, river distribution of goods in Memphis area is key to the nation. Contingency planning, business continuity, disaster recovery are growing topics of interest. Ask cusec.org

An “earthquake trail” for the tourism industry is being considered.

Wrinkling the mattress?

North American glacier
Glaciers, which came as far south as Carbondale, Illinois, then receded back northward perhaps 20 times over the last two million years might have caused underground pressure, like pushing on the end of a mattress, that further wrinkled the tectonic plate that was already cracked when it tried to pull apart much earlier. Search “illinoian ice” or “laurentide ice“.

The National Park Service says a continental glacier covered North America 18,000 years ago. Its gradual melting period from 12,000 to 7,500 years ago, was the last in a series of continental glaciers that have formed and then receded over the last 25 million years. –nps.gov

The Spill of National Significance emergency exercise in 2007 simulated multiple oil and hazardous materials spills caused by a strong earthquake along the New Madrid fault line.

Illinois Basin

The Illinois Basin including Indiana and Kentucky contains about 86 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. It remains largely undeveloped due to poorly developed pipeline infrastructure and, until very recently, public policy that permitted meaningful gas production data to remain obscure from public inspection.

The Rough Creek Fault System in West Kentucky is the easternmost end of the giant New Madrid Fault System. For commercial shale gas production, faults can provide trapping mechanisms and fractures provide permeability pathways that allow gas (and oil and water) to move around inside the reservoir. Understanding the location, orientation and intensity of local faults and fractures systems is an essential science in commercial shale gas production. more


TEN STRONGEST EARTHQUAKES IN HISTORY……COUNTING JAPAN….4 of the 10 have occurred in the last 10 years

HAL LYNDSEY PART 1

PART 2

PART 3


Are Shallow Earthquakes Associated with the New Madrid Fault & BP’s Mega Oil Spill?

by BK Lim
23 Feb 2011
[email protected]

Is there a common factor between the quake off Fort Morgan on 18 Feb 2010 and the recent swarm of quakes occurring in the vicinity of the New Madrid Fault zone? You are right if the BP Mega Oil spill and the Deepwater Horizon blowout on 20 April 2010 come to mind.

They are all quakes similar to the disastrous 22 Feb 2011 quake that occured close to Christshurch in New Zealand. Their shallow epicentres are off the main tectonic (or intra-plate) main fault lines. There are significant differences though, especially in magnitude and tectonic plate settings. The recent NZ disaster was more devastating than an earlier quake 11 times more powerful with its epicentre on the plate margin.

Since the 2 Aug 2010 quake at Louisiana, we have been warning of more occurrences of such shallow low magnitude quakes. See figure 145-1 which shows some of the hidden series of NW-SE strike-slip fault lines typical of intra-plate movement. The fault chart (prepared in August and updated only with annotations) was only published on 10 Nov 2010, Update On BP Rigs Location & the Fault Connection. The consequence of the continuing corosive erosion along these faults by leaking hydrocarbons from deep reservoirs (not only from the Macondo prospect) is the release in stresses between the upper and lower crust; resulting in shallow quakes of generally low magnitude. This was mentioned in a recent article, first written on 14 Feb and updated 20 Feb 2011.

Silencing The Independent Voices Of Truth On The BP’s Mega Oil Spill GOM

For millions of years, the southeastern part of the North American tectonic plate (south-east of the New Madrid Fault line) has been thrusting in a northeasterly direction while the western half of the plate has been moving south along the San Andreas fault line. This is the main reason for the present gulf seabed morphology.

The resultant torsion tension is reflected by the fault pattern illustrated in a previous article, BP’s Rigs Location & Fault Connection. Besides lateral stresses, vertical stresses also developed between the upper and lower section of the tectonic blocks due to differential upper and lower slide movement. The abnormal occurrences of hundreds of shallow and low magnitude earthquakes since the Macondo blowout are the direct consequence of the continual release of these pent-up stress zones. FEMA recently sent out RFI (request for information) to identify vendors for the emergency supply of food rations, various fuels and hydration in support of disaster relief efforts based on a catastrophic disaster event within the New Madrid Fault system for a survivor population of 7 million to be utilised for the sustainment of life during a 10-day period of operations. Is FEMA responding to privileged information of an impending disaster in the New Madrid Fault area, 9 months after the BP’s Mega-oil Spill disaster?

What is the area extent of these continuing leakages of hydrocarbons along these faults , vaporisation of methane hydrates due to warming effect of these leaking hydrocarbons and rapid mass depletion caused by continuing sub-seabed erosion? Judging by the number of reported quake-swarms, we are pretty close to the point of no return if we have not passed that point yet.

So far the quakes had been low magnitude between 2 to 4 on the Richter Scale. FEMA is expecting a major quake disaster similar to the recent Christchurch Quake in New Zealand. As we have seen, the shallow quakes are more devastating than a deep one at the base of the crust. The New Madrid Fault is an intra-plate tectonically stressed zone. It behaves very differently from the tectonic plate margins.

Since these shallow intra-plate quakes had been unleashed by the drilling and blowouts at the Macondo prospect, it makes sense to monitor closely the seafloor and the continental shelf edges. Mapping the gas vents in the vicinity of these faults and shelf edges would go a long way to making accurate predictions of what to expect in the vicinity of the New Madrid Fault zone. More powerful need not necessarily be more devastating but one thing is for sure, the disaster has not ended yet despite what you have been told. Christchurch was hit by a hidden fault (???)

New_Zealand_Earthquake_Science By ALICIA CHANG, AP Science Writer–Tue Feb22

No one died in that early morning quake — which was 11 times stronger — mainly because it was centered farther away, about 30 miles west of the city center. It was also twice as deep as Tuesday’s aftershock. Shallower quakes tend to be more damaging.

LOS ANGELES – The latest New Zealand earthquake was a deadly combination of distance, depth and timing. While weaker than the one that rocked the area last September, it did more damage and cost lives, primarily because of its location. Tuesday’s magnitude-6.3 quake was centered about 3 miles from the populated hub of Christchurch, toppling buildings, killing dozens and trapping others. It was also only about 3 miles deep and occurred during the middle of a workday when commercial buildings were filled with employees.The jolt “is squarely beneath the city itself,” said seismologist Egill Hauksson of the California Institute of Technology. “All the old historic buildings are being shaken more violently than they were built to withstand.” Scientists classified it as an aftershock of the powerful magnitude-7 that struck last Sept. 4.

http://phoenixrisingfromthegulf.wordpress.com/2011/03/01/are-shallow-earthquakes-associated-with-the-new-madrid-fault-bps-mega-oil-spill/

INTRODUCTION- WORRY ABOUT NOTHING: PRAY ABOUT EVERYTHING!

Andrew Strom wrote an excellent introductory article entitled “Disasters Where?”, concerning many aspects of God’s judgement as it begins to fall upon the United States. Reading this one article alone will help the reader to see just how many witnesses God has sent to warn us that terrible troubles are almost upon us and that their effect will be felt all over America:

THE PROPHETIC WITNESSES

This has now become the gateway page to all of the prophecy information that is available on my website regarding earthquakes in the Central Regions of the United States, around the New Madrid fault area. Everything is now reachable from here.

This article has to do with the name “New Madrid”.

I am convinced that the vision Chuck Youngbrandt received early in his ministry was from the Lord. In this vision, he saw a terrible earthquake hit Chicago, and saw many other details, including the emptying out of Lake Michigan. He places this in time just prior to the invasion of the USA.

Chuck Youngbrandt-Chicago Earthquake/Tidal Wave/Flood

I wrote this article on this prophecy on May 5, 2003. This concerns a failed prediction that a Pastor Hinson made concerning this earthquake.

New Madrid Quake

Ann Peterson saw, in a vision, that America split into two land masses, after the impact of the three asteroids.

On January 19, 2004, Joseph Cook of Evansville, IN, received a series of inner visions and words that portray a future earthquake that will strike his hometown. This is an area very near to, and involved with, the New Madrid fault zone. He began to see the visions at about 3 A.M.. (The Lord confirmed to me through the Holy Spirit that this word and these visions are from Him-Stephen L. Bening) Check it here:
Joseph Cook-Vision-Threes-New Madrid Fault Earthquake

Susan Cummings: New Madrid Earthquake Prophecy received this prophecy in a dream vision/prophetic experience in late November, 2004

This prophecy collection was anonymously compiled and last updated in May, 2007. It has real prophecies from God, and it also has some things included that are probably not from God. Discernment is required.

Furthermore, there is much commentary here, included by the anonymous compiler. Some of it I find palatable, and some of it I judge to be of questionable value. Please be careful.

The writers included in the work are: Joe Brandt, Diane W., Mercedes Biernaci, Gwen Shaw, Roxanne Brandt & Elane Durham, Chuck Youngbrandt, Judy Govermsal, Gary Rogel, Charles Hagadon, Rick Joyner, Sister Hattie, Ann Soleman, Jim Titus, Maurice Sklar, Joseph Long, Nita Johnson, Violet Stien, David E. Taylor, Jim Hopper, Daniel Rodes, Bob Jones, Joseph Galvan, Dennis Cramer, George W. Bush, Eric Graham, Chuck Hinson, Jan Shumaker, Timothy Snodgrass, Diana Alfonso, John Schiling, Rod Shirk, Louise Rosenburg-Meiszner, Kristine Carson, Chuck Pierce, Joseph Cook, Lowell Miller, Susan Cummings, Mike Tucker, Gail Smith, Dorene Zuege, Daniel E. Bohler, Stephen L. Bening, Ricki Goral, Billy Blankenship, John Mark Pool, Bobby Conner, Michael Boldea Jr., Samuel Whiteside, James Nesbit, Sadhu Sundar Selvaraj, Lillis Boyer, Neville Johnson, Ed Bergman, Gail Ciarrachi, Pat Robertson, Steven L. Shelley, Dolores Karadimos, Nita Johnson

New Madrid Earthquake Prophecy Collection

Denise Love had a dream on July 3/4, 2007 about a terrible earthquake in Chicago. She sent it to me the next day, and it reminded me that a number of important prophecies have come out that indicate that earthquakes in the midwest are apparently going to begin in 2007. It ties in with other words about terrorist attacks, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. In sort, it describes the near onset of the whole deadly cocktail of tribulation. When you read all of these May, 2007 words together with her dream, you catch the sense of immediacy that the Lord is trying to communicate to us.

Denise Love: July 3/4 Dream Of Chicago Earthquake

Note From Stephen L. Bening-It is not unusual for accurate prophets and seers to miss a dated prophecy by a year or even a few years in the church age, when we have so many intercessors who are at work, laboring diligently in fastings and in prayer for delays of these very events.

I believe Daniel Bohler is a true seer-prophet. It would be very unwise to disregard Dr. Bohler’s words. In fact, I have a prophetic hunch that we might see fulfillment of his visions for St. Louis before the end of September, 2008. Be on your guard! (2010 note-I have left this one on here because there was a delay from the Lord late in 2008/early 2009, for the sake of His modern day Noah’s, as they were not yet ready. This one will happen at any time now)

Lindy Pierce of Kentucky has prophesied of this earthquake and believes it will strike Chicago with 9.5 intensity on June 9, 2009. June 9 is Sivan 17 on the Hebrew Calendar, which relates it to the number 17 that was seen in the Chuck Youngbrandt visions of this event in 1973. I cannot confirm the association of the June 9, 2009 date with the earthquake.(2010 note-I have left this one on here because there was a delay from the Lord late in 2008/early 2009, for the sake of His modern day Noah’s, as they were not yet ready. It may have pushed this one back as well, or Lindy erred as to timing. This Chicago event is one that will definitely occur. It could happen at any time now.)

Lindy Pierce: Chicago Earthquake Prophecy

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/quakes_all.php

World expresses growing alarm over radiation – Cloud to hit US mainland on Friday

Scientists Project Path of Radiation Plume

By WILLIAM J. BROAD
Published: March 16, 2011

A United Nations forecast of the possible movement of the radioactive plume coming from crippled Japanese reactors shows it churning across the Pacific, and touching the Aleutian Islands on Thursday before hitting Southern California late Friday.

U.S. Calls Radiation ‘Extremely High;’ Sees Japan Nuclear Crisis Worsening (March 17, 2011)
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U.S. Urges Wider No-Go Area Around Nuclear Plant (March 17, 2011)
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In Europe and China, Japan’s Crisis Renews Fears About Nuclear Power (March 17, 2011)
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The Lede Blog: Japan Earthquake and Tsunami: How to Help (March 11, 2011)

Health and nuclear experts emphasize that radiation in the plume will be diluted as it travels and, at worst, would have extremely minor health consequences in the United States, even if hints of it are ultimately detectable. In a similar way, radiation from the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 spread around the globe and reached the West Coast of the United States in 10 days, its levels measurable but minuscule.

The projection, by the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization, an arm of the United Nations in Vienna, gives no information about actual radiation levels but only shows how a radioactive plume would probably move and disperse.

The forecast, calculated Tuesday, is based on patterns of Pacific winds at that time and the predicted path is likely to change as weather patterns shift.

On Sunday, the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission said it expected that no “harmful levels of radioactivity” would travel from Japan to the United States “given the thousands of miles between the two countries.”

The test ban treaty group routinely does radiation projections in an effort to understand which of its global stations to activate for monitoring the worldwide ban on nuclear arms testing. It has more than 60 stations that sniff the air for radiation spikes and uses weather forecasts and powerful computers to model the transport of radiation on the winds.

On Wednesday, the agency declined to release its Japanese forecast, which The New York Times obtained from other sources. The forecast was distributed widely to the agency’s member states.

But in interviews, the technical specialists of the agency did address how and why the forecast had been drawn up.

“It’s simply an indication,” said Lassina Zerbo, head of the agency’s International Data Center. “We have global coverage. So when something happens, it’s important for us to know which station can pick up the event.”

For instance, the Japan forecast shows that the radioactive plume will probably miss the agency’s monitoring stations at Midway and in the Hawaiian Islands but is likely to be detected in the Aleutians and at a monitoring station in Sacramento.

The forecast assumes that radioactivity in Japan is released continuously and forms a rising plume. It ends with the plume heading into Southern California and the American Southwest, including Nevada, Utah and Arizona. The plume would have continued eastward if the United Nations scientists had run the projection forward.

Earlier this week, the leading edge of the tangible plume was detected by the Navy’s Seventh Fleet when it was operating about 100 miles northeast of the Japanese reactor complex. On Monday, the Navy said it had repositioned its ships and aircraft off Japan “as a precautionary measure.”

The United Nations agency has also detected radiation from the stricken reactor complex at its detector station in Gunma, Japan, which lies about 130 miles to the southwest.

The chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Gregory B. Jaczko, said Monday that the plume posed no danger to the United States. “You just aren’t going to have any radiological material that, by the time it traveled those large distances, could present any risk to the American public,” he said in a White House briefing.

Mr. Jaczko was asked if the meltdown of a core of one of the reactors would increase the chance of harmful radiation reaching Hawaii or the West Coast.

“I don’t want to speculate on various scenarios,” he replied. “But based on the design and the distances involved, it is very unlikely that there would be any harmful impacts.”

The likely path of the main Japanese plume across the Pacific has also caught the attention of Europeans, many of whom recall how the much closer Chernobyl reactor in Ukraine began spewing radiation.

In Germany on Wednesday, the Federal Office for Radiation Protection held a news conference that described the threat from the Japanese plume as trifling and said there was no need for people to take iodine tablets. The pills can prevent poisoning from the atmospheric release of iodine-131, a radioactive byproduct of nuclear plants. The United States is also carefully monitoring and forecasting the plume’s movements. The agencies include the Federal Aviation Administration, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Energy.

On Wednesday, Steven Chu, the energy secretary, told Congress that the United States was planning to deploy equipment in Japan that could detect radiation exposure on the ground and in the air. In total, the department’s team includes 39 people and more than eight tons of equipment.

“We continue to offer assistance in any way we can,” Dr. Chu said at a hearing, “as well as informing ourselves of what the situation is.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/17/science/17plume.html?_r=1

ARE YOU READY FOR THE BIG ONE? EARTHQUAKE KIT!

Emergency Kits – Affordable and Customizable. Stay Safe!


U.S. shows growing alarm over Japan nuclear crisis

Reuters

By Jeff Mason and Tom Doggett Jeff Mason And Tom Doggett – Wed Mar 16, 7:14 pm ET

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The United States showed increasing alarm about the nuclear situation in Japan on Wednesday and urged its citizens to stay clear of an earthquake-crippled power plant — going further in its warnings than Japan itself.

As operators of the Fukushima plant pledged to try again to use helicopters to douse overheating reactors, U.S. officials warned about the risks of getting anywhere near the area and relied on their own officials for details about the danger.

“The situation has deteriorated in the days since the tsunami and … the situation has grown at times worse with potential greater damage and fallout from the reactor,” White House spokesman Jay Carney told reporters.

U.S. officials took pains not to criticize the Japanese government, which has shown signs of being overwhelmed by the crisis, but Washington’s actions indicated a divide with the Japanese about the perilousness of the situation.

The State Department recommended that U.S. citizens within 50 miles of the plant leave the area or stay indoors.

Japan’s government has asked people living within 12 miles to evacuate and those between 12 miles and 18 miles to stay indoors.

The top U.S. nuclear regulator cast doubt on emergency workers’ ability to cool overheating reactors, saying radiation levels may give them “lethal doses” of radiation.

“We believe that around the reactor site there are high levels of radiation,” said Gregory Jaczko. “It would be very difficult for emergency workers to get near the reactors. The doses they could experience would potentially be lethal doses in a very short period of time.”

An official at Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency said on Thursday morning local time that the level of radiation detected at the plant had fallen steadily over the past 12 hours.

The U.S. military has ordered its forces to stay 50 miles away from the plant, the Pentagon said. There are at least 55,000 U.S. forces in Japan and offshore assisting the relief operation.

US reactors in operation

“All of us are heartbroken by the images of what’s happening in Japan, and we’re reminded of how American leadership is critical to our closest allies,” President Barack Obama said in Washington.

“Even if those allies are themselves economically advanced and powerful, there are moments where they need our help, and we’re bound together by a common humanity,” he said.

CONFLICTING REPORTS

High radiation levels prevented a helicopter from dropping water into the stricken Japanese plant’s No. 3 reactor to cool its fuel rods after an explosion damaged the roof and cooling system. Operators planned to try again on Thursday.

The State Department’s warning to U.S. citizens was based on new information collected by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Department of Energy and other U.S. sources.

The United States is trying to deploy equipment in Japan that can detect radiation exposure at the ground level, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu told a congressional hearing.

The detection system is part of the 17,200 pounds (7,800 kg) of equipment and 39 personnel from the Energy Department sent to Japan, he said. The department has also provided equipment to monitor airborne radiation.

The United States is deploying additional radiation monitors on Hawaii and other U.S. islands even though it does not expect harmful levels of radiation to reach U.S. soil, environmental regulators said.

Chu declined to tell lawmakers, when asked, whether he was satisfied with Japan’s response so far to its nuclear crisis, which began after last Friday’s devastating 9.0 magnitude earthquake and resulting tsunami.

“I can’t really say. I think we hear conflicting reports,” Chu said.

“This is one of the reasons why (the United States is) there with boots on the ground, with detectors in the ground, not only to help assist (the) Japanese power company and the Japanese government but also for our own sake — to know what is really happening.”

Beyond the risk to workers at or near the damaged nuclear plant, one scientist, Dr. Ira Helfand, warned of possible widespread contamination of people and land.

“We need … to focus on the radioactive isotopes being dispersed at some distance from the plant, because this is going to cause a whole different set of health problems,” Helfand, past president of the anti-nuclear group Physicians for Social Responsibility, said in a telephone briefing.

The Obama administration has maintained its support for expanding U.S. use of nuclear energy despite renewed fears about its safety after the events in Japan.

But U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Wednesday that the nuclear crisis raised questions about the use of nuclear energy in the United States.

“What’s happening in Japan raises questions about the costs and the risks associated with nuclear power, but we have to answer those. We get 20 percent of our energy right now in the United States from nuclear power,” she said in an interview with MSNBC in which she emphasized the need for a comprehensive U.S. energy policy.

(Additional reporting by Ayesha Rascoe, David Morgan, Andrew Quinn, Paul Eckert, Matt Spetalnick, Alister Bull, Patricia Zengerle, Steve Holland, Deborah Zabarenko and Phil Stewart; Editing by Peter Cooney)

http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20110316/pl_nm/us_nuclear_usa

U.S. radiation experts try to decipher reports from Japan
By Steve Sternberg, USA TODAY

Updated 7h 37m ago |

The Japanese government’s radiation report for the country’s 47 prefectures Wednesday had a notable omission: Fukushima, ground zero in Japan’s nuclear crisis. Measurements from Ibaraki, just south of Fukushima, were also blanked out.

Radiation experts in the USA say that the lack of information about radioactivity released from the smoldering reactors makes it impossible to gauge the current danger, project how bad a potential meltdown might be or calculate how much fallout might reach the USA.

Japanese nuclear experts are hard at work gathering information, said Fred Mettler, the U.S. representative for the United Nation’s committee on the health effects of radiation. “They’re monitoring and evaluating and watching the meteorology,” he said. “They need to know what the dose rates are in various places, what direction the (radiation is) moving in and what’s causing it.”

Conflicting accounts of the radiation levels emerged in Tokyo and on Capitol Hill. Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency said Wednesday that the radiation detected at the Fukushima plant had fallen steadily over the past 12 hours. But U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) chief Gregory Jaczko told a House energy subcommittee earlier in the day that radiation levels at the Fukushima plant were “extremely high.”

The chief of the U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency, Yukiya Amano, told reporters he will visit Japan to obtain “firsthand information” about the crisis and prod the Japanese government to provide more. Experts from the NRC, led by Charles Casto, were to arrive in the country on Wednesday.

Given accurate readings, U.S. experts can develop computer models of radiation released from the crippled reactors, factoring in prevailing winds, altitude and rainfall, said Owen Hoffman, a radiation expert from SENES Oak Ridge Inc., a consulting firm that calculated risks from Cold War nuclear tests.

One agency equipped to predict where the fallout may travel is the Department of Energy’s National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The center has tracked radiation emitted by the meltdowns at Three Mile Island in 1979 and Ukraine’s Chernobyl in 1986.

History may offer hints of what’s to come. At Three Mile Island, near Harrisburg, Pa., only a small amount of radiation was released before the meltdown was controlled. Chernobyl spewed radiation for days, which rode wind currents worldwide.

Radioactive iodine falls from the plume in rainfall and settles on the grass, where it’s eaten by cows and builds up in their milk. Decades after Three Mile Island, no cancers or deaths have been conclusively linked to the U.S. disaster. Researchers have logged 6,000 thyroid cancers in survivors of Chernobyl, all in people who were younger than 18 when they were exposed. That’s about one-third of the 14,000 projected to occur.

Thyroid cancer is a major risk because the thyroid needs iodine to make thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism. For those downwind of Chernobyl, the highest dose exceeded 1 gray, a measure of the radioactivity absorbed in the thyroid.

Children who drank commercial milk during the Cold War nuclear tests received about one-tenth of that, on average, Hoffman said. That was enough to boost their thyroid cancer risk to one in 100, more than twice the usual risk.

The Chernobyl meltdown also contaminated vast tracts of Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and northern Europe with radioactive cesium. “There are still limitations on the export of sheep from Cumbria, in the U.K., and reindeer from Scandinavia,” Hoffman said. Cesium also contaminated fish from Scandinavia’s northern lakes.

Cesium is absorbed by plants and works its way through the food chain, getting into meat and milk. Unlike radioactive iodine, which has a short half life, cesium lingers in the environment. “Radioactive iodine will be gone in a month,” Hoffman said. “Cesium’s going to be around for decades.”

Contributing: The Associated Press

http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2011-03-17-japanradiate17_ST_N.htm

Low radioactivity seen heading towards N.America

17 Mar 2011 14:35

Source: reuters // Reuters

* Particles not normal, but not dangerous-Swedish official

* U.S. nuclear body sees no “levels of harmful radiation”

* U.N. weather agency predicts northwesterly winter monsoon

(Adds U.S. comment)

By Fredrik Dahl

VIENNA, March 17 (Reuters) – Low concentrations of radioactive particles from Japan’s disaster-hit nuclear power plant have been heading eastwards and are expected to reach North America in days, a Swedish official said on Thursday.

In Washington, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) said radioactivity would disperse over the long distance and it did not expect any harmful amounts to reach the country.

“We expect the United States to avoid any levels of harmful radiation,” NRC spokesman Joey Ledford told Reuters. “We do not anticipate any threat to American interests.”

The Swedish official, research director Lars-Erik De Geer of the Swedish Defence Research Institute, was citing data from a network of international monitoring stations set up to detect signs of any nuclear weapons tests.

Also stressing the levels were not dangerous for people, he predicted particles would eventually also continue across the Atlantic and reach Europe.

“It is not something you see normally,” he said by phone from Stockholm, adding the results he now had were based on observations from earlier in the week. But, “it is not high from any danger point of view.”

De Geer said he was convinced they would eventually be detected over the whole northern hemisphere.

“It is only a question of very, very low activities so it is nothing for people to worry about,” De Geer said.

“In the past when they had nuclear weapons tests in China … then there were similar clouds all the time without anybody caring about it at all,” he said.

TOWARDS EUROPE?

De Geer said the main air movement in the northern half of the globe normally went from west to east, but suggested the direction occasionally changed and at times turned.

In Geneva, the U.N.’s World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) said on Thursday that a “northwesterly winter monsoon flow prevails over the eastern and northern part of Japan” and that this was expected to remain the case until around midnight GMT.

The New York Times earlier said a forecast of the possible movement of the radioactive plume showed it churning across the Pacific, and touching the Aleutian Islands on Thursday before hitting southern California late on Friday.

It said the projection was made by the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO), a Vienna-based independent body for monitoring possible breaches of the test ban.

The CTBTO has more than 60 stations around the world which can pick up very low levels of radioactive particles such as caesium and iodine isotopes.

It continuously provides data to its member states, including Sweden, but does not make the details public.

De Geer said he believed the radioactive particles would “eventually also come here”.

The New York Times said health and nuclear experts emphasized radiation would be diluted as it travelled and at worst would have extremely minor health consequences in the United States.

In a similar way, radiation from the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 spread around the globe and reached the west coast of the United States in 10 days, its levels measurable but minuscule. (Additional reporting by David Morgan in Washington; editing by Diana Abdallah)

http://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/low-radioactivity-seen-heading-towards-namerica/

Swedish Government: Radiation To Cover Entire Northern Hemisphere

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Paul Joseph Watson
Infowars.com
March 17, 2011

Swedish Government: Radiation To Cover Entire Northern Hemisphere 170311top2

Suggesting that levels of radiation leaks from the stricken Fukushima plant are being grossly underreported by Japanese authorities, a Swedish government agency told Reuters today that not only will the radiation reach North America, but it will subsequently cover the entire northern hemisphere.

“Lars-Erik De Geer, research director at the Swedish Defense Research Institute, a government agency, was citing data from a network of international monitoring stations established to detect signs of any nuclear weapons tests,” reports Reuters.

“Stressing that the levels were not dangerous for people, he predicted the particles would continue across the Atlantic and eventually also reach Europe.”

De Geer said he was “convinced it would eventually be detected over the whole northern hemisphere,” according to the report, adding that radioactive particles would “eventually also come here,” referring to Europe.

De Geer’s prognosis arrives on the back of a study of data by the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization, which confirmed that the radioactive plume from Fukushima would reach the Aleutian Islands on Thursday before hitting southern California late on Friday. The CBTO has a network of radiation monitors deployed globally that can detect radioactive particles such as caesium and iodine isotopes.


Experts are correct in assuming that the initial waves of radiation will be low, but expect levels to rise in subsequent days as the effects of the three blasts to impact the Fukushima facility, which occurred on Saturday, Monday and Tuesday, manifest themselves in the form of increased radiation injected into the atmosphere.

“Naturally, with the credibility of every government around the world shot, it is no surprise that most consumer Geiger counter stores are sold out of inventory at this point, at virtually all price points,” writes Tyler Durden.

As we reported earlier, having confidence in the trustworthiness of governments globally who have habitually lied about the true threat posed by radiation, notably after the 3 Mile Island accident and the Chernobyl disaster, is somewhat less than wise.

However, at least the Swedes can be trusted to know a thing or two about detecting radiation. While the Soviets were furiously engaged in a cover-up of the Chernobyl disaster which occurred on April 26 1986, Swedish workers at the Forsmark Nuclear Power Plant were the first ones to detect the fallout from the accident two days later on April 28.

It was only after the workers failed to find the source of any radioactive leak at their own plant that the true horror of what had happened 1,100 km (680 miles) away in the western Soviet Union began to unravel.

The whole planet is united in hoping that Japanese technicians find some way to restore power and water cooling system to the Fukushima plant before that terrible scenario has any chance of repeating.

Stock up with Fresh Food that lasts with eFoodsDirect (Ad)

The video below shows how far the radiation clouds from Chernobyl spread across Europe, smothering virtually the entire continent within 7 days. Although agencies like the WHO and the IAEA claimed that only 9,000 people died as a consequence, more contemporary studies have shown that nearly a million people have been killed from cancers caused by the disaster over the course of the last 25 years.

Paul Joseph Watson is the editor and writer for Prison Planet.com. He is the author of Order Out Of Chaos. Watson is also a regular fill-in host for The Alex Jones Show.

http://www.infowars.com/swedish-government-radiation-to-cover-entire-northern-hemisphere/

Japan’s Nightmare Continues: All THREE damaged Nuclear Reactors now in “meltdown”. Evacuations expand as potential for exposure reaches mainland US

Japan’s nightmare gets even WORSE: All THREE damaged nuclear reactors now in ‘meltdown’ at tsunami-hit power station

By Richard Shears
14th March 2011

Destruction Annihilation Devastation Catastophe

* Fuel rods appear to be melting inside three over-heating reactors
* Experts class development as ‘partial meltdown’
* Japan calls for U.S. help cooling the reactor
* 180,000 people have been evacuated amid meltdown fears

The Japanese nuclear reactor hit by the tsunami went into ‘meltdown’ today, as officials admitted that fuel rods appear to be melting inside three damaged reactors.

There is a risk that molten nuclear fuel can melt through the reactor’s safety barriers and cause a serious radiation leak.

There have already been explosions inside two over-heating reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant, and the fuel rods inside a third were partially exposed as engineers desperately fight to keep them cool after the tsunami knocked out systems.

A former nuclear power plant designer has said Japan is facing an extremely grave crisis and called on the government to release more information, which he said was being suppressed. Masashi Goto told a news conference in Tokyo that one of the reactors at the Fukushima-Daiichi plant was “highly unstable”, and that if there was a meltdown the “consequences would be tremendous”. He said such an event might be very likely indeed. So far, the government has said a meltdown would not lead to a sizeable leak of radioactive materials.

‘Meltdown’: The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant moments after it was rocked by a second explosion today. Officials later admitted that fuel rods are ‘highly likely’ to be melting in three damaged reactors

‘Meltdown’: The Fukushima Daiichi

Fireball: A build-up of hydrogen in Unit Three of Fukushima ignites in a ball of fire that can be seen for miles

Extensive damage: Experts now debating if radiation could hit US west Coast

NEWS FOOTAGE


WHAT HAPPENS IN A NUCLEAR MELTDOWN ?

The Japanese reactors work by harnessing the energy of thousands of nuclear fuel rods, that are normally kept submerged in water to keep them cool.

But if the cooling system fails, the heat generated by the nuclear reaction increases uncontrollably.

If that continues for long enough, the nuclear fuel can melt, forming molten pools on the floor of the reactor at thousands of degrees celcius.

This is a meltdown.

These pools of molten fuel can melt through the reactor safety barriers – there is an inner and outer shield.

The worst case scenario is that the protective shield around the reactors is melted away, resulting in a serious leak of radioactive material.

survival seed vault
Japanese chief cabinet secretary Yukio Edano said it was ‘highly likely’ that the fuel rods inside all three stricken reactors are melting.

Some experts class that a partial meltdown of the reactor, but others would only use that term for when molten nuclear fuel melts through a reactor’s inner chamber – but not through the outer containment shell.

As fuel rods melt, they form an extremely hot molten pool at the bottom of the reactor that can melt through even the toughest of containment barriers.

Japan is fighting to avoid a nuclear catastrophe after the tsunami. There was a hydrogen explosion at the reactor in Unit Three of the power station earlier today, in which eleven workers were hurt by the blast that was felt 25 miles away.

The reactor at Unit One of Fukushima exploded on Saturday, blowing several walls away but engineers said the core was still contained. The fuel rods in the reactor in Unit Two of the plant were partially exposed from their coolant today – which also increases the risk of meltdown.

Engineers have been fighting to keep the reactors under control after the tsunami knocked out emergency coolant systems on Friday.

Earlier engineers were frantically trying to cool radioactive materials at all the reactors with seawater but had halted the process, which resulted in a rise in radiation levels and pressure.

Plant managers knew an explosion was a possibility as they struggled to reduce pressure inside the reactor containment vessel in Unit Three, but apparently felt they had no choice if they wanted to avoid a complete meltdown.

In the end, the hydrogen in the released steam mixed with oxygen in the atmosphere and set off the blast, which was felt 25 miles away.

The plant’s operator Tokyo Electric Company said radiation levels at the reactor were still within legal limits.

A Red Cross rescue worker, in red, is scanned for signs of radiation after returning from Fukushima to his hospital in Nagahama, Shiga Prefecture

Consequences of meltdown: this graphic shows how a full-scale meltdown could affect the United States

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U.S. NAVY FLEES RADIOACTIVE PLUME FROM REACTOR BLAST

The Unites States Navy has moved its Seventh Fleet away from an earthquake-stricken Japanese nuclear power plant after detecting raised radiation levels.

The fleet said today that the radiation was from a plume of smoke and steam released from the crippled Fukushima Dai-ichi plant, which has been hit by two explosions since Friday’s devastating earthquake and tsunami.

The aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan, pictured, was about 100miles (160km) offshore when its instruments detected the radiation.

But the fleet said the dose of radiation was about the same as one month’s normal exposure to natural background radiation in the environment. The aircraft carrier is the USS Ronald Reagan

Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano said the Unit Three reactor’s inner containment vessel holding nuclear rods is intact, allaying some fears of the risk to the environment and public.

The government had warned that a further explosion was possible because of the build-up of hydrogen in the building housing the reactor.

More than 180,000 people have been evacuated from the area.

Japan has distributed 230,000 units of stable iodine to evacuation centres as a precaution. it can be used to protect against thyroid cancer in the event of a radiation leak.

The developments came as Californian officials monitor the situation, amid fears that nuclear material could be blown across the Atlantic to the U.S. if there is a large leak.

However, the winds could shift and hit a different part of the U.S after crossing the Pacific.

Michael Sicilia, spokesman for California Department of Public Health, said: ‘We are monitoring the situation closely in conjunction with our federal partners.’

In the event of a major leak, radiation would take between seven and 10 days to cross the Atlantic.

In Japan earlier a state of emergency had been declared after the high levels of radiation were detected at the nuclear power complex.

Thousands of families have been evacuated and many more were yesterday being checked for radiation exposure as Japan began to take stock of what the prime minister labelled its ‘most severe crisis since the Second World War’ – when the U.S. dropped nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Tens of thousands are feared dead, with bodies being picked up from beaches along a 300-mile stretch of coastline.


Reaching out: A young woman who has been isolated at a makeshift facility to screen, cleanse and isolate people with high radiation levels, looks at her dog through a window in Nihonmatsu, northern Japan

AIRLINE’S RADIATION FEARS

German carrier Luftansa has begun scanning flights from Japan for radioactive material – but have not found any yet.

Airport fire services have checked planes landing at Frankfurt and Munich, an official spokesman confirmed.

The carrier are the first to take the action – as a U.S. aircraft carrier sent to help relief efforts was forced to move because of the radiation leak at Fukushima.

The ship was around 100 miles north-east of the plant when radiation was detected.

Others are being gathered from the sea and thousands more are believed to lie buried deep in mud under the debris of homes and cars. At least 10,000 people – half the population of the port of Minami Sanriku – were unaccounted for and the town has been virtually wiped off the map.

Nearby Rikuzentakata was also swamped and destroyed by Friday’s tsunami, killing at least 400 people.

Hundreds of Britons – many of them English language teachers – are among the missing.

Some 100,000 troops and civil defence members, backed by ships and helicopters, yesterday began the mammoth task of clearing rubble and searching for survivors and bodies.

So many people died because when the nine-magnitude Pacific Ocean earthquake struck 80 miles off the coast of Sendai, warnings were issued that a tsunami would hit land in an hour.

But survivors said it struck in nine minutes.

There were warnings last night that strong aftershocks, with a magnitude of six or more, could be expected for at least another week – and Tokyo shuddered several times yesterday as a series of shocks struck the city.

Before and after: The Fukushima plant has suffered two major blasts since the earthquake last week – as can be seen from the image, right

Horrific memories: The towns destroyed by the tsunami look very similar to Hiroshima in 1945

But the gravest consequence of the earthquake and tsunami could yet be felt, as scientists frantically tried to control the threat of nuclear meltdown.


Men in white protective suits and masks swept Geiger counters over frightened survivors yesterday as nuclear experts around the world monitored the crippled and unstable Fukushima plant, 150 miles north of Tokyo.

Up to 200,000 people were evacuated from within a 12-mile radius of the plant, which remains the biggest threat.

Officials revealed that 22 people had already been recorded with radiation poisoning, and they said around 190 were in the plant’s vicinity when radioactive steam was deliberately leaked in an attempt to cool the reactors.

And the words designed to reassure the public that they were in no danger from any leaked radiation were at odds with those from the operator of the plant, Tokyo Electric Power.

The company conceded that radiation levels around the complex had risen above the safety limit but tried to appease the public by stating
that it did not mean an ‘immediate threat’ to human health.

It also emerged yesterday that the government ignored explicit warnings from a Japanese expert on nuclear power more than three years ago.
Professor Ishibashi Katsuhiko, of Kobe University, said the guidelines introduced to protect the nuclear plants were ‘seriously flawed’ and that the plants were vulnerable to major quakes.

‘Unless radical steps are taken now to reduce the vulnerability of nuclear power plants to earthquakes, Japan could experience a true nuclear catastrophe in the near future,’ he warned in 2007.

Elsewhere, millions of people are without power and water, factories will remain closed for weeks and Tokyo has been warned there will probably have to be power cuts to conserve electricity.

At rescue centres in Sendai, where people prepared for a third night sleeping on the floor, notice boards are cluttered with the names of the missing.

Weeping survivors said they could only pray that poor communications had failed to put them in touch with their loved ones. One elderly woman reading through one of the lists suddenly exclaimed:’That’s me! They say I’m missing. Well, here I am. My sons must be worried sick about me. But I’m OK.’

Rail services to Sendai and beyond were postponed indefinitely and the only way anyone had any hope of reaching the stricken region was by air, flying to towns on the west coast and attempting to drive across the island. But police have blocked many roads, to keep them clear for rescue vehicles and ambulances.

From the air, rail carriages could be seen lying on their sides. Cars and houses were piled up like debris thrown on to a huge rubbish tip.

So how alarmed should we be over this crisis?

By MICHAEL HANLON

Enthusiasts for atomic power are today, inevitably, on the back foot. Those who argue that in the normal course of things nuclear energy is the safest and most reliable form of energy have to contend with a single word: ‘meltdown’.

This is a scenario that brings dread to the hearts of nuclear engineers – an uncontained chain reaction in a reactor core, a blob of molten radioactive metal burning its way out of the containment chamber and a massive release of radioactive fission products such as iodine-131 and strontium-90 into the environment.

It was a partial meltdown which led to the Three Mile Island accident in Pennsylvania in 1978, and a similar explosive breakdown that caused the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.

Both incidents brought strident calls to abandon nuclear power altogether – calls which are bound to intensify following the still-unfolding Japanese catastrophe.

On top of the worst earthquake in its history and a tsunami which may have killed tens of thousands, Japan – a nation which for obvious reasons after the events of 1945 has a love-hate relationship with nuclear power – is staring into the atomic abyss.

What actually caused the accident at Fukushima is still unclear but it seems that in simple terms, the power station was hit by a power cut.

First, seismic detectors at the plant, alerted by the earthquake, triggered an automatic shutdown – by inserting boron rods into the reactor cores, stopping the heat-producing fission reaction.

Normally, the reactor fuel would simply have cooled down safely over a matter of days. But then the tsunami swept through local power grids and back-up generators which provided the electricity for the reactor cooling pumps – possibly fracturing the water main into the plant as well.

Like a car engine with a leaking radiator, the heat started to build up to dangerous levels. Nuclear power stations are essentially huge kettles. You have a power source – the nuclear reactor itself – which gets hot; several hundred degrees in a controlled fission reaction.

The heat is produced by the fission – splitting – of atoms of radioactive materials, such as uranium.

This produces not only heat but radiation, and also the creation of radioactive by-products which themselves emit heat as they undergo radioactive decay.

This explains why, even if the primary nuclear reaction is stopped, heat will continue to be generated for days – enough to melt the reactor core if it is not cooled. In normal operation, all this heat is useful – it is used to boil water, which makes steam that is then used to drive electricity-generating turbines.

The problem is that you cannot simply turn off an atomic reactor instantly. It takes days for the red-hot fuel rods to cool down – and that is provided they are supplied with adequate coolant.

Professor Richard Wakeford, a nuclear expert at Manchester University, said yesterday: ‘If the fuel is not covered by cooling water it could become so hot it begins to melt – if all the fuel is uncovered you could get a large-scale meltdown.’

Hopefully this will not happen, and thanks to both the design of the Japanese reactors and to the swift and organised response of the authorities, handing out iodine pills to prevent the ingestion of cancer-causing substances, there is little chance that Fukushima will enter the annals of notoriety alongside Chernobyl.

One possibility which can be discounted is the so-called ‘China Syndrome’, the wholly fictitious idea that a molten reactor core could melt its way through the Earth and emerge on the other side. It is now known that even a total meltdown, although deadly, would soon be contained and cool down naturally. But already questions are being asked – about Japan’s nuclear safety record, and what implications this has outside Japan.

Was it wrong to build a series of atomic reactors so close to the ocean? Experts suggest that given the whole country is an earthquake zone, there is nowhere the plant could be built which would not be at risk.

Unlike Chernobyl, there is no chance that this could become an international incident; Japan is simply too far away from anywhere else for the radiation to spread, and the most serious radioactive contaminant – Iodine-131 – has a half-life of just eight days. Furthermore, the Japanese government is rich, competent and open – which the Soviet authorities in 1986 conspicuously were not.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1365781/Japan-earthquake-tsunami-All-3-Fukushima-nuclear-plant-reactors-meltdown.html#ixzz1GbwEENuW

U.S. Navy crewmembers in Japan

By Michael Sheridan
DAILY NEWS STAFF WRITER

Originally Published:Monday, March 14th 2011, 6:57 AM
Updated: Monday, March 14th 2011, 10:07 AM

Seventeen crewmembers on three U.S. Navy helicopters were found to have been contaminated with low levels of radiation, officials say.

Should American forces be in Japan aiding with relief efforts?
Absolutely. We need to stand with our Japanese friends as long as we are needed.
No. We are facing a budget crisis – we need to look inward before looking outward.
Not sure.

The radioactivity was detected when the service members returned to the aircraft carrier Ronald Reagan aboard three helicopters. They were treated with soap and water and their clothes were discarded.

“No further contamination was detected,” the military said.

The helicopters were also decontaminated.

The U.S. 7th Fleet, positioned about 100 miles northeast of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant to deliver aid to Japan’s coastal region, moved its ships further away due to “airborne radioactivity” and contamination found on its planes.

The military noted, however, that the level of contamination was very low, and the ship movement was merely a precaution.

“For perspective, the maximum potential radiation dose received by any ship’s force personnel aboard the ship when it passed through the area was less than the radiation exposure received from about one month of exposure to natural background radiation from sources such as rocks, soil, and the sun,” the Navy said.

The Fukushima nuclear power plant suffered a second explosion Sunday. At least six workers at the plant were injured in the blast, officials said. A smaller explosion rocked the plant on Saturday.

Radioactive steam was vented recently from the plant in order to ease pressure on the reactors and prevent another meltdown, CNN reported. It is believe that a meltdown previously occurred in at least one of the reactors in the last few days.

“We remain totally committed to our mission of providing assistance to the people of Japan,” Navy spokesman Jeff Davis told ABC News.

[email protected]; or follow him at Twitter.com/NYDNSheridan

Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/news/world/2011/03/14/2011-03-14_17_us_navy_crewmembers_exposed_to_low_level_radiation_in_japan.html#ixzz1GbxJ1NDA

Winds at Japan Power Plants Should Send Radiation out to Sea
Meghan Evans
By Meghan Evans, Meteorologist
Mar 14, 2011; 9:26 AM ET

Following Friday’s major earthquake east of Japan, fears were raised of radiations leaks and nuclear meltdowns at power plants.

Radiation was reported to be leaking over the weekend from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant from one of the reactors that had lost its cooling system.

CNN reports that a cooling system of a second reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant failed on Sunday, forcing officials to expand the evacuation zone of surrounding residents from 10 km to 20 km (6 miles to 12 miles).

Complicating matters, a second hydrogen explosion occurred at the plant early Monday.

A man holds his baby as they are scanned for levels of radiation in Koriyama, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, Sunday, March 13, 2011. Friday’s quake and tsunami damaged two nuclear reactors at a power plant in the prefecture, and at least one of them appeared to be going through a partial meltdown, raising fears of a radiation leak. (AP Photo/Mark Baker)

A state of emergency was declared on Sunday at a nuclear power plant in Onagawa, Japan, as well. Excessive radiation levels have been recorded following Friday’s earthquake, according to the United Nations’ atomic watchdog agency.

Three reactor units at the Onagawa plant are being watched and controlled for radiation leaks and possible meltdown.

The wind direction may impact where the radiation goes both at a local level and even across the globe. The wind direction at both of these locations are similar since the Onagawa power plant is located just to the northeast of Fukushima power plant.

“The exact direction of the winds would have to be known at the time of the release of a large amount of radiation to understand exactly where the radiation would go,” according to Expert Senior Global Meteorologist Jim Andrews.

It is unknown when a large release of radiation would occur, if at all, at this point.

“You can calculate how long the release of a radiation would take to cross the Pacific from Japan to the U.S. by choosing different speeds that the radioactive particles might be moving and using the direct distance between given locations- say Sendai, Japan, and Seattle, Wash.,” Andrews added.

However, even that calculation may not reflect how long the particle would take to cross the Pacific, since it would not likely cross the ocean in a direct path. This is the case because the wind flow is often a complicated pattern.

A typical wind trajectory across the Pacific is westerly, since there is often a large dome of high pressure over the central Pacific and an area of low pressure in the Gulf of Alaska.

Any storm systems moving across the Pacific would add kinks in the westerly flow that would make the path of a particle crossing the Pacific longer.

“In other words, it would be a very intricate and difficult calculation,” said Andrews.

On a local level, it is easier to break down the direction of the wind.

On Monday, the winds at the Fukushima power plant and the Onagawa power plant will generally be out of the north to northwest. So, the wind flow will still be directed offshore into the Pacific.

This would be a protective wind that would blow most of the radiation out to sea.

The wind direction will switch to an onshore direction Monday night into Tuesday, threatening to send the radiation toward the population.

“We are getting into the time of year where onshore winds occur most often,” said Andrews.

This is not good news, since an onshore direction would blow most of the radiation toward populated areas. An added threat is that with higher elevations just about 4 miles inland from the power plants, if a temperature inversion sets up in the atmosphere, radiation could be trapped.

Authorities have warned residents to keep windows and doors closed and air-conditioning fans switched off to eliminate the intake of air from outside.

Calculated time for radioactive particles to cross the Pacific from the power plants in Japan to big West Coast cities if the particles take a direct path and move at a speed of 20 mph:

Cities Est. Distance (miles) Est. Time to Cross Pacific (days)
Anchorage 3,457 7
Honolulu 3,847 8
Seattle 4,792 10
Los Angeles 5,477 11

http://www.accuweather.com/blogs/news/story/46940/winds-at-japan-power-plants-sh-1.asp

THOUSANDS OF BODIES WASH ASHORE overwhelms quake-hit Japan

By JAY ALABASTER and TODD PITMAN, Associated Press Jay Alabaster And Todd Pitman, Associated Press – Mon Mar 14, 11:50 am ET

TAKAJO, Japan – A tide of bodies washed up along Japan’s coastline Monday, overwhelming crematoriums, exhausting supplies of body bags and adding to the spiraling humanitarian, economic and nuclear crisis after the massive earthquake and tsunami.

Millions of people faced a fourth night without water, food or heating in near-freezing temperatures along the northeast coast devastated by Friday’s disasters. Meanwhile, a third reactor at a nuclear power plant lost its cooling capacity and its fuel rods were fully exposed, raising fears of a meltdown. The stock market plunged over the likelihood of huge losses by Japanese industries including big names such as Toyota and Honda.

On the coastline of Miyagi prefecture, which took the full force of the tsunami, a Japanese police official said 1,000 bodies were found scattered across the coastline. Kyodo, the Japanese news agency, reported that 2,000 bodies washed up on two shorelines in Miyagi.

In one town in a neighboring prefecture, the crematorium was unable to handle the large number of bodies being brought in for funerals.

“We have already begun cremations, but we can only handle 18 bodies a day. We are overwhelmed and are asking other cites to help us deal with bodies. We only have one crematorium in town,” Katsuhiko Abe, an official in Soma, told The Associated Press.

While the official death toll rose to nearly 1,900, the discovery of the washed-up bodies and other reports of deaths suggest the true number is much higher. In Miyagi, the police chief has said 10,000 people are estimated to have died in his province alone.

The outspoken governor of Tokyo, Shintaro Ishihara, told reporters Monday that the disaster was “punishment from heaven” because Japanese have become greedy.

Across Japan, most people opt to cremate their dead. With so many bodies, the government on Monday waived a rule requiring permission first from local authorities before cremation or burial to speed up funerals, said Health Ministry official Yukio Okuda.

“The current situation is so extraordinary, and it is very likely that crematoriums are running beyond capacity,” said Okuda. “This is an emergency measure. We want to help quake-hit people as much as we can.”

Friday’s double tragedy has caused unimaginable deprivation for people of this industrialized country — Asia’s richest — which hasn’t seen such hardship since World War II. In many areas there is no running water, no power and four- to five-hour waits for gasoline. People are suppressing hunger with instant noodles or rice balls while dealing with the loss of loved ones and homes

AP/Kyodo News

“People are surviving on little food and water. Things are simply not coming,” said Hajime Sato, a government official in Iwate prefecture, one of the hardest hit.

Sato said deliveries of food and other supplies were just 10 percent of what is needed. Body bags and coffins were running so short that the government may turn to foreign funeral homes for help, he said.

“We have requested funeral homes across the nation to send us many body bags and coffins. But we simply don’t have enough,” he said. “We just did not expect such a thing to happen. It’s just overwhelming.”

The pulverized coast has been hit by hundreds of aftershocks since Friday, the latest one a 6.2 magnitude quake that was followed by a new tsunami scare Monday.

As sirens wailed, soldiers abandoned their search operations and told residents of the devastated shoreline in Soma, the worst hit town in Fukushima prefecture, to run to safety.

They barked out orders: “Find high ground! Get out of here!” Several soldiers were seen leading an old woman up a muddy hillside. The warning turned out to be a false alarm and interrupted the efforts of search parties who arrived in Soma for the first time since Friday to dig out bodies.

Ambulances stood by and body bags were laid out in an area cleared of debris, as firefighters used hand picks and chain saws to clear a jumble of broken timber, plastic sheets, roofs, sludge, twisted cars, tangled power lines and household goods.

Ships were flipped over near roads, a half-mile (a kilometer) inland. Officials said one-third of the city of 38,000 people was flooded and thousands were missing.

Though Japanese officials have refused to speculate on how high the death toll could rise, an expert who dealt with the 2004 Asian tsunami offered a dire outlook.

“It’s a miracle really, if it turns out to be less than 10,000” dead, said Hery Harjono, a senior geologist with the Indonesian Science Institute, who was closely involved with the aftermath of the earlier disaster that killed 230,000 people — of which only 184,000 bodies were found.

He drew parallels between the two disasters — notably that many bodies in Japan may have been sucked out to sea or remain trapped beneath rubble as they did in Indonesia’s hardest-hit Aceh province. But he also stressed that Japan’s infrastructure, high-level of preparedness and city planning to keep houses away from the shore could mitigate its human losses.

According to public broadcaster NHK, some 430,000 people are living in emergency shelters or with relatives. Another 24,000 people are stranded, it said.

One reason for the loss of power is the damage to several nuclear reactors in the area. At one plant, Fukushima Dai-ichi, three reactors have lost the ability to cool down. A building holding one of them exploded on Monday. Operators were dumping sea water into all three reactors in a final attempt to cool their superheated containers that faced possible meltdown. If that happens, they could release radioactive material in the air.

Though people living within a 12-mile (20-kilometer) radius were ordered to leave over the weekend, authorities told anyone remaining there or in nearby areas to stay inside their homes following the blast.

Military personnel on helicopters returning to ships with the U.S. 7th Fleet registered low-level of radioactive contamination Monday, but were cleared after a scrub-down. As a precaution, the ships shifted to a different area off the coast.

So far, Tokyo Electric Power, the nuclear plant’s operator, is holding off on imposing the rolling blackouts it earlier said it would need but the utility urged people to limit electricity use. To help reduce the power load, many regional train lines were suspended or operating on a limited schedule.

The impact that lack of electricity, damaged roads and railways and ruined plants would have on the world’s third-largest economy helped drag down the share markets on Monday, the first business day since the disasters. The benchmark Nikkei 225 stock average fell 6.2 percent while the broader Topix index lost 7.5 percent.

To lessen the damage, Japan’s central bank injected 15 trillion yen (US$184 billion) into money markets.

Beyond the stock exchanges, recovering from the disaster is likely to weigh on already debt-burdened Japan, which has barely managed weak growth between slowdowns for 20 years.

Initial estimates put repair costs in the tens of billions of dollars, costs that would likely add to a massive public debt that, at 200 percent of gross domestic product, is the biggest among industrialized nations.

___

Pitman reported from Sendai. Associated Press writers Eric Talmadge in Soma, Kelly Olsen in Koriyama, Malcolm J. Foster, Mari Yamaguchi, Tomoko A. Hosaka and Shino Yuasa in Tokyo and Niniek Karmini in Jakarta contributed to this report.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20110314/ap_on_bi_ge/as_japan_earthquake_130

GLOBAL IMPACT

The World From Berlin
Nuclear Disaster ‘Will Have Political Impact as Great as 9/11’

Reuters

The nuclear disaster in Fukushima makes it hard to ignore the vulnurabilities of the technology. It could spell the end of nuclear power, German commentators argue on Monday. The government in Berlin may now cave in to mounting pressure to suspend its 12-year extension of reactor lifetimes, they say.

The nuclear accident at Japan’s Fukushima plant following Friday’s earthquake and tsunami has led to anxious questions in Germany about the safety of its own nuclear reactors and is putting the government under intense pressure to rethink its decision to extend plant lifetimes by an average of 12 years.

German media commentators across the political spectrum are saying the accident in a highly developed nation such as Japan is further evidence that nuclear power isn’t safe. One commentator in the conservative Die Welt went as far as to liken the global impact of the Fukushima explosions to that of the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Merkel reversed the plan to stop Nuclear construction.

She argued that nuclear power was needed as “bridge technology” to ensure the supply of affordable power as Germany converts to renewable energy generation. She plans to increase the share of renewable generation to 80 percent by 2050, from a current level of only 16 percent.

A majority of Germans are opposed to nuclear power and the Fukushima accident is becoming a campaign issue ahead of state elections, the most important of which is being held in the conservative-ruled and wealthy state of Baden-Württemberg on March 27. Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party has held the state since 1953, and a defeat would be a major psychological blow to the chancellor and her party.

PHOTO GALLERY

Photo Gallery: Japan Earthquake Disaster in Pictures

It would also make it harder for her to pass legislation because the opposition parties would gain power in the country’s upper legislative chamber, the Bundesrat, which represents the interests of the states and has the right of co-determination on many important laws.

On Monday, support in Merkel’s coalition for extending nuclear lifetimes started to crumble. Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, the leader of the FDP, called for a safety review at all German nuclear plants. Power stations whose cooling systems were found to lack multiple safety levels would have to be switched off “until the situation is totally clear.”

Other members of the coalition have also been calling for a rethink.

German media commentators say Fukushima may force Merkel to shut German reactors down sooner.

Center-left Süddeutsche Zeitung writes:

“The events in Japan, which geographically couldn’t be much further from Germany, will influence politics in this country. They could soon start changing majorities and make governing even harder for the center-right coalition. The decision it made on nuclear power in September 2010 could be its undoing.”

“There are few issues that can fire up people’s emotions and mobilize them politically as much as nuclear power can. That’s not good news for a government that supports nuclear power. Especially ahead of important regional elections, which won’t affect the balance of power in national politics but which could well influence the morale of party workers to preserve that power.”

“It’s not good news because in the end, for example in Baden-Württemberg, it will only take a few percentage points more or less to determine the election outcome. Doubts among the supporters of the conservatives or the FDP could keep a few thousand voters from the ballot boxes — or drive them into the arms of the center-left parties.”

“For Merkel, it is hard to imagine a greater accident at present than the loss of a CDU governor in Baden-Württemberg.”

“The safety precautions (at the Japanese nuclear plant) weren’t just insufficient; the operating company TEPCO systematically breached them, as the government ascertained in 2002. TEPCO falsified security reports in more than 200 cases.”

“Japan is a democracy, but so far the control of the government by the voters has hardly worked. Things only got a little better after the Democratic Party came to power two years ago. Before that, the often incompetent and corrupt governments were never voted out of office. The perestroika that Japan so urgently needs has scarcely begun.”

“The unpopular government of Prime Minister Naoto Kan has been on the brink of collapse in recent weeks. It seemed paralyzed, distracted, disoriented and divided. Now it has to lead the country through what may be its worst disaster since 1945. Can it? In the Soviet Union the Chernobyl disaster accelerated the downfall of a broken, paralyzed political system.”

Left-wing Die Tageszeitung writes:

“It was always said that danger only came from rickety old reactors in former Eastern Bloc states — while conveniently ignoring that Sweden, France or the United States kept on narrowly avoiding maximum credible accidents. The disaster of Fukushima has made clear: There are situations in which even triple safety systems fail.”

“The weak argument offered by the nuclear lobby that Germany isn’t prone to heavy earthquakes and tsunamis doesn’t apply. If a chain of serious events and stupid coincidences cause prolonged power outages, if the access routes are blocked or if the control room is destroyed by a plane crash, German reactors too will overheat. ”

Conservative Die Welt writes:

“The earthquake of March 11 was no terrorist attack. But its political and psychological consequences will be as great as 9/11 because it has shown what a terrorist attack on nuclear plants would look like.”

“The photos of burning buildings being swept away are disturbing enough, but nuclear power makes the decisive difference. The shockwave that went out from Fukushima may have only reached three kilometers in physical terms. But in mental terms it went around the whole world.”

“Chernobyl was a special case. Nuclear energy was viewed with suspicion but it was accepted as long as modern democracies harnessed it with security precautions.”

“That is over now. Faith in redundant, coincidence-proof security precautions has been wiped out by Fukushima. The high-tech democracy Japan has shown what could happen if an Internet attack on German or French nuclear reactors were to happen as it did with the ‘Stuxnet’ program against the Iranian nuclear program. Or if a determined, technologically skilled terrorist group were to seize control of a power station. One knew it before. Seeing it has made the difference.”

Conservative Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung writes:

“It seems inappropriate to criticize the information policy of the Japanese government. Some of its statements may seem a bit overly reticent, but one should allow a government the right not to descend into speculation about all the theoretically possible scenarios. People are already being inundated by enough of such speculation.”

“Japan has always been at the forefront of disaster relief efforts in other parts of the world. That is why the country now has at least a moral claim to assistance from its friends. People abroad may find it irritating that the country will probably have to keep on using nuclear power in the future. But this isn’t the time for know-it-all advice. One should imagine what would have happened if a reactor in a country with less rigid safety standards had been subjected to such an earthquake.”

The mass-circulation Bild tabloid writes:

“The nuclear accident is giving even firm supporters of nuclear power cause for thought, because the unthinkable happened in Fukushima. But even if we wanted to, we couldn’t switch off all nuclear reactors overnight. Because the lights would literally go out. The maximum credible accident of Fukushima forces us to check the safety standards of our nuclear power stations. And to think harder about the quickest possible way to get out of nuclear power generation.”

“The Japanese tragedy will dramatically change the debate over nuclear power. But the issue is too serious to start fanning people’s fears in election campaigns. It may be tempting for campaigners to go out hunting for votes with the suffering of the Japanese. But that would be shabby, pitiful and repellent.”

Left-wing Berliner Zeitung writes:

“This hasn’t hit a run-down Soviet reactor, a badly constructed Russian plutonium machine which supplied the army with material for their nuclear weapons, as was the case with Chernobyl in 1986. Then and ever since, the builders of nuclear power stations in Europe, North America and Japan boasted that a serious accident could be virtually ruled out thanks to superior Western nuclear technology.”

“Every country — Germany, the US and Japan — claimed to have the world’s best reactors. Everything was secured several times over, all conceivable problems could be handled, all eventualities were prepared for, they said.”

“The disaster at Fushima shows: It’s simply not true.”

“It is unlikely to be a coincidence that it was an old reactor with a design from the 1960s that got into trouble. The technology of this type of plant, which also operates in Germany, is outdated. Its safety level is significantly below that of modern nuclear plants, they wouldn’t get construction approval these days. The accident has reinforced the lessons to be drawn from this: The plants that were originally intended for a lifespan of 40 years must not have their lifetimes extended, as is being done everywhere both in the West and the East — because it yields major profits for the operators.”

“On the contrary: the old reactors in particular must be taken off the grid as soon as possible. Germany realized that more than a decade ago, when the center-left government negotiated the nuclear phaseout with the power companies. For the center-right risk prolongers in Berlin, Fukushima is the writing on the wall, whether they’re ready to realize that or not.”

“The radioactive fallout from Fukushima won’t hit Germany, but the political fallout has already arrived. People are alarmed and there is major uncertainty about ‘peaceful’ nuclear power, not just among diehard anti-nuclear campaigners.”

— David Crossland

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,750810,00.html

Fukushima Fallout: Next Few Days Critical

4:50pm UK, Sunday March 13, 2011

Natalie Fahy and Katie Cassidy, Sky News Online

Nuclear experts have warned the next few days will be crucial in determining exactly how bad the fallout from the Fukushima power plant disaster could be.

They say advanced Japanese engineering at the 40-year-old facility will avoid a Chernobyl-style disaster, but any radiation leak could still have disastrous consequences.

During Friday’s megaquake most of Japan’s 50 nuclear power stations shut down as expected, but at Fukushima’s Daiichi nuclear plant the system failed.

A hydrogen blast at its number one reactor has destroyed part of the building but did not prompt a major radiation leak.

However, experts have warned there could be a second explosion at the plant’s number three reactor.

Reactors convert the energy stored in nuclear fuel rods into electricity, and in doing so generate immense heat.

Water is circulated through the reactor core to keep the fuel rods from overheating.

In case of an emergency each power station has a back-up system to keep reactors cool.

But during the quake – which has been upgraded to 9 on the Richter scale – power at the Fukushima facility was lost and the back-up system failed.

Diesel generators should have kicked in to provide emergency cooling, but they were also damaged and coolant stopped circulating.

The remaining water is likely to eventually boil away, exposing the fuel rods.

If a cooling system is not restored, it could lead to what is known as a meltdown – when the core melts and radiation escapes into the atmosphere.

Officials were now pumping seawater into reactor number three to keep its temperature down.

The Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) said radiation levels at the Fukushima plant had risen above the safety limit but there was no “immediate threat” to humans.

Chernobyl was a very big accident and this is certainly not on that scale.

Professor Gerry Thomas, director of the Chernobyl tissue bank at Imperial College London

Despite this, a 12m exclusion zone has been set up around the facility and some 140,000 people have been moved from the area.

Evacuees were being tested for radiation at screening centres and authorities prepared to distribute iodine to protect people from any radioactive exposure.

Gerry Thomas, director of the Chernobyl tissue bank at Imperial College London, explained why iodine is needed in the body.

“The thyroid actually takes up iodine to make the thyroid hormones. It remains in the gland and the tissues in the thyroid,” she said.

“It is important to get stable iodine into the thyroid gland to prevent the uptake of radioactive iodine.

“It is extremely unlikely there will be a significant release (of radioactive iodine from the Fukushima plant).”

Nuclear Consultant John Large On Fukushima Fears

In small doses, such as during an X-ray, radiation causes no harm to humans.

But if radioactive particles should enter the body in large doses, health risks range from vomiting, hair loss and in extreme cases, cancer.

But Professor Thomas said the Japanese appeared to be monitoring the situation closely and taking precautionary measures.

“We won’t see any problems from this reactor. The release is tiny and likely to remain so, so I don’t think we need to worry,” she said.

“Chernobyl was a very big accident and this is certainly not on that scale.

“You need quite a large release of radioactive iodine to do any significant damage.”

LP-Chernobyl

Chernobyl: The site of the world’s worst nuclear accident

In 1986, the explosion of reactor number four at Ukraine’s Chernobyl plant was the world’s worst nuclear incident, immediately contaminating 200 people and killing 32 within three months.

Hundreds of thousands of people are thought to have suffered the after-effects of the leak.

The accident was only revealed after a giant radioactive cloud was registered moving across northern Europe.

It was marked at the maximum level seven on the IAEA’s scale of nuclear accidents.

Further contamination was reported from Chernobyl in 1995 during the removal of fuel from one of the plant’s reactors.

Professor Robin Grimes, from the Centre for Nuclear Engineering, told Sky News the Chernobyl plant was an old Russian design which had a completely different structure to Fukushima.

L-Three-Mile-Nuclear-Plant

Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania

“The plants in Japan are light water reactors so they work on a very different principle,” he said.

“The type of problems that one might anticipate will be quite different to Chernobyl.”

He added that the Fukushima incident was more on the scale of the 1979 accident at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania, which was registered at five.

Then, 140,000 people were evacuated after the reactor’s core suffered a partial meltdown.

Although there was contamination within the plant, there was none outside and no casualties.

Japan has experienced the only two deadly nuclear accidents since Chernobyl – one in Tokaimura in 1999 which killed two workers and another in Mihama in 2004 which resulted in four deaths.

Tokaimura is Japan’s worst nuclear accident to date, exposing more than 600 people to radiation.

http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/World-News/Video-Fukushima-Nuclear-Fallout-Fears-After-Blast-At-Reactor-Number-One/Article/201103215950994?lpos=World_News_Right_Promo_Region_1&lid=ARTICLE_15950994_Video%3A_Fukushima_Nuclear_Fallout_Fears_After_Blast_At_Reactor_Number_One