ASTANA, Kazakhstan – Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called Wednesday for a security alliance of several former Soviet nations and China to form a united front against the West.
Ahmadinejad’s address to fellow heads of state at the summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in Kazakhstan will likely deepen suspicions that the bloc is intended as a counterweight to the United States across the region.
In a summit declaration signed by all the member states, the organization also attacked missile defence programs in another apparent dig at the United States.
“The one-sided and unlimited development of missile defence systems by one government or a narrow group of governments could cause damage to strategic stability and international security,” the document said.
Much of Ahmadinejad’s fiery speech was devoted to levelling an exhaustive series of thinly veiled accusations against unnamed Western countries, which he described as “enslavers, colonialists, (and) invaders.”
“Which one of our countries (has played a role) in the black era of slavery, or in the destruction of hundreds of millions of human beings?” Ahmadinejad said, opening his address.
The SCO was formed in Shanghai in 2001 by China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan to address religious extremism and border security in Central Asia, but it has in recent years attracted interest in full membership from countries like Iran, India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Its scope has since broadened to economic issues, but the organization has struggled nonetheless to forge a clear purpose.
Iran’s entry to the SCO has been resisted by the existing members, who worry that Iran’s membership would lend the group a more explicitly anti-American quality, a concern that Ahmadinejad was seemingly unwilling to allay.
Russia has been an active opponent of U.S.-backed plans to create a missile shield in Europe and was likely behind the inclusion of harsh words against the proposal in the summit declaration.
Moscow sees the U.S.-led missile defence plans as a potential threat to its security. It has agreed to consider NATO’s proposal to co-operate on the missile shield, but insists the system be run jointly.
Reprising the criticism addressed at Washington, Afghan President Hamid Karzai renewed calls for the United States to respect his country’s sovereignty.
Karzai has in recent months become increasingly strident in his attacks against NATO’s accidental bombings of Afghan civilians, describing the Western-led alliance as being at risk of becoming an “occupying force.”
“I believe together we can reform the way the world is managed. We can restore the tranquillity of the world,” he said.
LEOPARD LION BEAR IN PROPHECY
Turning to his audience of ex-Soviet and Asian leaders he asked: “Have any of us used an atomic bomb against the defenceless citizens of any other country?”
Returning to his past claims that a conspiracy could have been behind the September 11 attacks on the United States,
“Have any of our countries played a part in the creation of 9/11 under whose pretext Afghanistan and Iraq were invaded and more than one million people have been killed or wounded?”
Chinese leader Hu Jintao held talks on Tuesday with Ahmadinejad, discussing Tehran’s controversial nuclear programme.
China urged Iran to participate in the six-party talks on nuclear energy and “take substantial steps in respect of establishing trust” and “speed up the process of dialogue,” the Chinese state news agency Xinhua reported.
Tehran used to rely on Moscow as a dependable ally in its standoff over the nuclear programme but relations have rapidly deteriorated as Russia increased pressure on Iran after Dmitry Medvedev became president.