Tag Archives: manhattan

AIDS: The “Gay Plague” and THE MAN-MADE ORIGIN OF AIDS

Gay Vaccine Experiments And The American (Not African) Origin Of AIDS

By Alan Cantwell, MD

Ever since the AIDS epidemic became official in June 1981, there have been rumors that AIDS is a man-made disease. Although this theory has been discredited by “scientific consensus,” there is evidence linking the outbreak of this new disease to a vaccine experiment conducted on gay men in New York City, as well as in other U.S. cities, between 1978 and 1981.

The first epidemic cases of AIDS in America were uncovered exclusively in young, previously healthy, and mostly white gay men in Manhattan in 1979. The cause was unknown until 1984 when a virus, later named HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), was accepted as the infectious agent. How a sexually transmitted disease (STD), purportedly originating in Africa, was transferred into a so-called “gay disease” in New York City was left unexplained, except for preposterous stories like the gay Canadian airline steward Gaetan Dugas, who was demonized in the media and tabloids as “the man who brought AIDS to America.”

THE GAY VACCINE EXPERIMENTS BEFORE AIDS (1978-1981)

Beginning in 1974, workers in a bloodmobile provided by the New York Blood Center in Manhattan began soliciting 8, 906 gay men for a hepatitis B vaccine research study (Koblin et al, 1992). Over the next few years more that 10,000 blood samples were donated by gays willing to participate in the development of a vaccine that might prevent hepatitis B. This viral disease was an STD disproportionately affecting sexually-active homosexuals.

The AIDS epidemic in the U.S. directly traces back to this government-sponsored vaccine experiment! Eventually, 1,083 gay men were recruited to be injected with an experimental hepatitis B vaccine at the New York Blood Center. In the months before the actual experiment began, the vaccine underwent preliminary testing for safety and immune response on two hundred physicians at New York Medical Center, as well as on twenty-eight employees of Merck & Co, which made the vaccine.

The first group of men in the actual trial were inoculated in November 1978. The experiment was confidential. Each man was given an anonymous identification number, which would be the only way they could be identified by the investigators. Each man got an initial dose of vaccine, then a repeat one month after, and a final inoculation six months later. All were asked to donate blood samples for two years after the three injections. Over a period of months, all 1,083 men would be injected. Half the men were given the experimental vaccine; the other half would serve as the control group and were given useless placebo injections. In this double-blind study, neither the men nor the investigators knew who was getting the vaccine or the placebo.

This experiment ended in September 1980. The success rate in preventing hepatitis B in the group receiving the vaccine was 92.3%. Additional experimental hep B vaccine trials, all using gay men as the guinea pig, were conducted in 1979 and 1980 in Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Denver and St. Louis.

In May 1981, the men in the placebo group (who did not receive the vaccine) at the Blood Center were offered a chance to take the vaccine. As a result, 270 men were inoculated with the series of three shots and were asked to donate additional blood samples for two more years. Because men in the vaccine-recipient group and the placebo group were now both inoculated with the vaccine, it would no longer be possible to compare the two groups in terms of future HIV rates. Because the experiment was confidential and anonymous, the fate of the individual men in terms of acquiring HIV/AIDS in the future, could never be ascertained. In June 1981, after 41 cases of a new disease in homosexuals were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta (CDC), the AIDS epidemic became official.

THE “GAY PLAGUE” BEGINS IN MANHATTAN IN 1979

The first few cases of a new disease characterized by immunodeficiency, cancer and a previously rare form of pneumonia in young gay men, were uncovered in Manhattan in 1979. By the end of 1981 there were 160 cumulative cases from New York City; a decade later, 9,000 cases had been reported in NYC. The early cases were termed “gay related immune deficiency disease,” or GRID, for short. Privately, it was called “the gay plague,” with homosexuals dying from “gay cancer” in the form of Kaposi’s sarcoma, and/or a rapidly fatal “gay pneumonia” caused by a yeast-like fungus.

By the end of 1979, 6.6% of 378 men who had been “hepatitis B trial participants” or who had donated blood in the experiment at the Center were already HIV- positive. By 1981, it was 20%! (This was at a time when the African AIDS epidemic was unknown.) By 1984 over 40% of the trial participants were HIV-positive (Stevens et al, 1986). These infection rates were determined in 1985 when the stored gay blood samples were retested for HIV.

A different (non-vaccine) hepatitis B study, conducted from 1978 to 1980 at the San Francisco City Clinic, recruited a cohort of 6,705 homosexuals. By 1982, 41% of all reported AIDS cases in S.F. were from this cohort. By 1989, 75% of the cohort was infected with HIV-and 1,479 had developed AIDS (Rutherford et al, 1990). Activist Tom Keske has posted an essay on his website entitled: “Was AIDS in the U.S. started intentionally?” He also provides an incriminating statistical analysis linking the AIDS outbreak in San Francisco to hepatitis B vaccine experiments conducted in that city.

In 1984, the CDC was apparently oblivious to the extremely high rate of HIV/AIDS infection in gay men who participated in the hepatitis experiments and studies, particularly at a time when the African AIDS epidemic was still largely unknown. In its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, dated Dec 14, 1984, the agency simply concluded the hepatitis B vaccine was safe-and that “epidemiologic monitoring of AIDS cases and high-risk groups confirms the lack of AIDS transmission.” When later studies revealed the high incidence of HIV in these men, as noted above, there was no official comment by the CDC.

To my knowledge, the CDC never tested the vaccine given to the men at the NY Blood center; and this CDC 1984 report is often cited to refute any connection between gay experiments and the AIDS outbreak. New York City quickly became the epicenter for the American epidemic, and has remained so to this day, with more that 100,000 New Yorkers living with HIV/AIDS.


SIMIAN VIRUSES AND GAY VACCINE EXPERIMENTS

According to Luc Montagnier in his book “Virus” (1999), the African AIDS epidemic did not begin until the Autumn of 1982 at the earliest. There is also no epidemiologic or sexual connection between gay cases and African AIDS cases.

Was HIV introduced into gay men via a contaminated vaccine? HIV is not the first simian (i.e., monkey or chimp) virus to infect mankind. Simian virus-40 (SV40) is a cancer-causing green monkey virus that contaminated the polio vaccine, and was injected into millions of people worldwide beginning in the 1950s. SV40 was also used extensively in animals to induce cancer tumors conducted as part of the largely forgotten Special Virus Cancer Program (1964-1980). For details of this Program, see my Internet article entitled ‘Blaming gays, blacks, and chimps for AIDS.’

There are strong connections between simian viruses and the experimental hep B vaccine, the gay participants, and the outbreak of AIDS. The vaccine given to gays was designed by Maurice Hilleman of Merck; and was “developed” by repeatedly injecting it into chimpanzees, as part of the safety testing of the vaccine. Could a chimp HIV-like virus have been transferred to the vaccine during the 65-week manufacturing process?

Humans and chimps have 99% of their active genetic material in common. As a result, chimps are used extensively in medical research. In 1974 veterinarians produced an AIDS-like disease in chimps by taking newborn chimps away from their mothers and feeding them virus-infected cow’s milk. As a result of this interspecies transfer of virus, the chimps died of immunodeficiency, leukemia, and pneumocystis pneumonia, later known as the “gay pneumonia” of AIDS (McClure et al, 1974). Previously, leukemia had never been observed in chimps.

Also in 1974 the New York Blood Center established Vilab II, a little-publicized chimp research lab in Robertsville, Liberia, West Africa. It contained captive chimps, all of which were purposely infected with hepatitis. In 1978 Vilab began to release some chimps back into the wild and onto several islands. The Blood Center announced the closure of the lab in 2006 and the end to chimp research. Alfred Prince, a hepatitis researcher and virologist at the Blood Center, was also the Director of Vilab from 1975 to 2000.

Maurice Hilleman was well aware of simian viruses contaminating vaccines, having personally discovered SV40 in 1960 in polio vaccines. In a youtube.com video entitled “Merck chief brings HIV/AIDS to America, ” posted by prolific AIDS origin researcher Leonard G Horowitz, Hilleman is recorded telling his colleagues, “I brought African greens [monkeys] in. I didn’t know we were importing AIDS virus at the time [i.e., between 1970-1974]. His colleagues are heard laughing. Someone says, “It was you who introduced AIDS virus in.” This shocking interview, conducted by Edward Shorter for WGBH public television, was cut from the TV documentary, based on Shorter’s book “The Health Century” (1987), due to liability issues, undoubtedly reflecting poorly on Merck where the vaccine for gays was developed. Hilleman’s assertion gives credence to the “conspiratorial” view that the most likely source of an AIDS-causing simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) virus was from a laboratory, and not from the wilds of Africa.

The close timeline between the hepatitis B vaccine trials, as well as the high incidence of HIV/AIDS in the participants, and the outbreak of the “gay plague” can hardly be denied. There are few sources, outside of medical journal reports, that reveal details of the experiment. The best source is June Goodfield’s “Quest for the Killers” (1985), in a chapter entitled ‘Vaccine on trial.’ She emphasizes the dangerous aspects of the vaccine experiment, due to the pooling of the blood, as well as the concern regarding possible contamination of the vaccine. Hers is the only source revealing that some of the vaccine was made by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). “Was something wrong with the vaccine, possibly contamination? This was no theoretical fear, contamination having been suspected in one vaccine batch made by the National Institutes of Health, though never in Merck’s.”

THE SIMIAN VIRUS ORIGIN OF HIV

Determining the simian ancestry of HIV is not the same as determining the origin of the AIDS epidemic in America. HIV is emphatically a “new virus” in humans, although its origin in simians may be ancient. The American AIDS epidemic clearly began in the late 1970s. The purported African origin of American AIDS is largely based on the genealogy of the AIDS virus in Africa. I could never understand why scientists never looked for a simian ancestor of HIV in the various primate virus labs and primate colonies in the U.S.

The simian “roots” of HIV depend on who is doing the genetic analysis. Some researchers claim that HIV has been circulating in humans since the 1930s, others date it back a century or more. A new “phylo-geographic” study suggests monkey SIVs are ancient and date back 32,000 to 75,000 years (Worobey et al, 2010).

The public was first told that HIV originated in Africa in green monkeys. This changed in 1999 when a SIV found in chimpanzees was widely accepted as the closest ancestor virus of HIV (Gao et al, 1999). Four years later, geneticists reversed themselves again, claiming HIV “didn’t start its life in chimps” but arose through hybridization of two monkey strains of SIV that recombined in the chimpanzee host (Bailes et al, 2003). In other words, the ancestors of HIV were a mix of monkey immunodeficiency viruses transferred into chimps, which subsequently recombined to form a new hybrid virus with mixed genetic material. By the way, chimps are considered apes, have bigger bodies than monkeys, and are most closely related to humans. Monkeys have tails and are structurally closer to four-legged animals like cats and dogs.

Lost in all this conflicting genetic mumbo-jumbo, that few people can comprehend (including myself), was the fact that extensive mixing of simian viruses and the creation of hybrid viruses was going on for years in labs around the world in the years immediately preceding AIDS. This, in fact, is the basis of the AIDS “conspiracy theory,” which proposes that the ancestor of HIV most likely originated in animal species transfer experiments in a virus laboratory. Yet this explanation is never considered by scientists. These genetic studies of HIV origin, widely reported in the major media, continue to reinforce the public perception that HIV/AIDS started in Africa.

There is no attempt made here to fully explain the origin of the horrible outbreak of AIDS in Africa beginning around 1983. This will up to future medical historians to unravel. Suffice it to say that sub-Saharan Africa has been the testing ground for pharmaceuticals and vaccines for many decades, and for massive vaccine programs with reuse of needles which could also spread HIV from person to person.

In “AIDS and the Doctors of Death” (1988), I mentioned a London Times explosive front page article connecting AIDS to extensive vaccine programs in Africa, and entitled “Smallpox vaccine triggered AIDS virus” (May 11, 1987). Robert Gallo, the co-discoverer of HIV, was quoted as saying, “The link between the WHO program and the epidemic is an interesting and important hypothesis. I cannot say it actually happened, but I have been saying for some years that the use of live vaccines such as that used for smallpox can activate a dormant infection such as HIV.” The full Times story never appeared in the major media in the U.S., but is available online.

Researchers have known for a long time that the particular strain of HIV that infected American gays is “subtype B.” The prevalent strains in Africa are different, again suggesting that American AIDS cases did not come from Africa cases. Unlike some strains in Africa, which date back to the 1930s, a recent study by Perez-Losada at al (2010), indicates “subtype B” is quite new, dating back to around 1968, a decade before the hep B experiment. Max Essex claims the American B strain has an affinity for anal tissue and is more easily transmitted by homosexual contact and intravenous drug use, whereas the HIV subtypes in Africa tend to fuel heterosexual epidemics via a vaginal mucosal route.

THE LAB ORIGIN OF HIV IN AMERICA

Hilleman’s hepatitis B vaccine was intentionally made from the pooled blood of 300 highly sexually-active gay and intravenous drug abusers in Manhattan. These men were the carriers of the hepatitis virus Hilleman required to manufacture his vaccine. As mentioned, the vaccine was developed in chimps, and took 65 weeks to make. His vaccine brew was collected in 1977. The specific year is important because there are no reports of AIDS cases at that time; and no stored American blood testing positive for HIV before that year.

In “Vaccinated” (2007) Paul Offit, a pediatrician and vaccine developer who works for Merck, theorizes that although “HIV was likely present in the blood from which he made early preparations of his vaccine, Hilleman’s choice of pepsin, urea, and formaldehyde had completely destroyed it.”

In “Vaccinated,” Offit is critical of my AIDS origin research. He writes, “The publisher of Alan Cantwell’s book, Aries Rising Press, was founded by Cantwell himself to promote his uninformed views on the origin of the AIDS epidemic.” Offit claims the American blood supply was “heavily contaminated” with HIV in the mid-1970s. He offers no documentation for this statement, nor are there any studies (or epidemic AIDS cases) which document this.

The earliest HIV-positive blood specimens in the American epidemic were uncovered in 1978-they are those deposited into the Blood Center by gay participants of the hep B experiment. There is no record of any other stored blood in the U.S testing positive for HIV, with one exception. According to “Virus Hunters of the CDC” (1996), author Joseph McCormick states six hundred blood specimens from Zaire, Africa, were sent to the CDC in 1976 during the Ebola virus outbreak. When re-tested in the mid-1980s for HIV, five of the specimens were positive. One has to wonder if other labs in the U.S were also harboring HIV-infected African blood used in animal (or human) research.

Unlike Offit, I have never promoted the idea that HIV was contained in Hilleman’s blood brew in 1977. Yet Offit insists HIV first entered the U.S. a few years before Hilleman began working on his vaccine. He notes Hilleman would be “the first (and last) to use human blood to make a vaccine. He didn’t know until years later that the blood was heavily contaminated with HIV.”

Offit makes no mention of Hilleman importing HIV/AIDS via his monkeys and chimps, nor does he cite the 20% HIV infection rate of the men who participated in the trial at the Blood Center in 1981. He simply assures us the vaccine given to gay men was safe and free of HIV.

UNETHICAL MEDICAL EXPERIMENTATION

The development of a hepatitis B vaccine has a dark history. Less than a decade before the gay experiment, sixty mentally retarded children at Willowbrook State School, on Staten Island, NY, were fed live hepatitis B virus. In another experiment, the serum from a patient with hepatitis B was injected intravenously into 25 retarded children with dire results. They sickened, some severely, and turned yellow with jaundice. According to Hilleman, “They were the most unethical medical experiments ever performed in children in the Unites States.”

It is indeed shameful to read the history of covert human experimentation over the past decades, which likely continues up to the present. Most appalling were “the human radiation experiments” of the Cold War era affecting millions of unsuspecting Americans, and extending into the mid-1970s. For all the morbid details, google: human medical experimentation.

I will mention only one recent revelation (2010) uncovered by Susan Reverby, quite by accident, while researching the notorious Tuskegee Syphilis study. According to the Wikipedia entry, “In a 1946 to 1948 study in Guatemala, U.S. researchers used prostitutes to infect prison inmates, insane asylum patients, and Guatemalan soldiers with syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases, in order to test the effectiveness of penicillin in treating sexually transmitted diseases. They later tried infecting people with “direct inoculations made from syphilis bacteria poured into the men’s penises and on forearms and faces that were slightly abraded . . . or in a few cases through spinal punctures. The study was sponsored by the U.S. Public Health Service, the National Institutes of Health and the Pan American Health Sanitary Bureau (now the World Health Organization’s Pan American Health Organization) and the Guatemalan government.

Further details of the experiment that recruited 5,500 people and infected 1,300 people (including orphaned children) with sexually transmitted diseases were released on August 30, 2011. In one instance, a dying woman was deliberately infected with gonorrhea bacteria in her eyes and elsewhere. Seven women with epilepsy were injected with syphilis germs into the back of the spine, resulting in bacterial meningitis in all cases. Eighty-three people died. The U.S. Public Health Service is the former name of the CDC. The fact that this government study was initiated by both the CDC and the NIH, the two leading and most prestigious health organizations in America, is chilling.

When asked about the Guatemala experiment, Harold Jaffe of the CDC was quoted as saying: “Are there other stories that haven’t come to light? We don’t want to feed on the paranoia in the media, for example, of biological warfare, or AIDS as a cooked-up infection in a foreign country, but stories like this have to remind people of these stories” (‘Presidential panel slams 1940s Guatemalan STD study,’ by Louisa Kasdon, posted on the BU.edu website, Aug 31, 2011). Jaffe has been the top officer at the CDC covering AIDS since the very beginning. However, this is the first time I ever heard a CDC official blaming AIDS on a “cooked-up infection in a foreign country.”

SIMIAN VIRUSES AND VACCINES

Vaccines are big business with worldwide sales of 25 billion; and AIDS has spawned a huge industry as well. A CBS news report (Jan 8, 2010) declared: “Got AIDS? Lifetime cost: $618,900.”

I am not anti-vaccine, although I would like to know exactly how a vaccine is produced-from start to finish-before it is injected into me. And such knowledge is impossible to obtain, due to proprietary concerns of the manufacturers. Ordinarily, I decline vaccines unless absolutely necessary. I stopped taking yearly flu shots in 1991 when I read in The New York Times that some people were testing HIV-positive after injection with the “Beijing flu” shot that year. This was deemed to be a false-positive reaction, but the CDC was not sure what was causing the peculiar result.

Childhood vaccinations are necessary, of course, to prevent certain diseases. And more and more pediatricians are refusing to treat children whose parents refuse to vaccinate them according to the prescribed schedule, which includes 11 vaccines, and as many as 20 shots by 2 years of age (Offit et al, 2002). For some of my personal negative views on vaccines, see ‘Vexing over vaccines’ on the net.

For anyone who thinks that vaccine makers are always your friend, I would recommend “The Virus and the Vaccine: The True Story of a Cancer-Causing Monkey Virus, Contaminated Polio Vaccine, and the Millions of Americans Exposed” by Debbie Bookchin and Jim Schumacher (2004). They explore the history of the polio vaccine, the contamination problems with SV40 , the ensuing vaccine-related cancer problems, and the government’s cover-up of the problem over the past three decades. I discovered that federal regulations require only that vaccine manufacturers screen for viruses by observing the effects of viruses on tissue cell cultures, as viewed with an ordinary light microscope. This was surprising to me because viruses are too small to be seen microscopically. Thus, vaccines are not directly tested for virus contamination, but are tested indirectly with a light microscope. Apparently virus contamination of vaccine lots is suspected only if cells (viewed in the light microscope) undergo evidence of viral infection. If a contaminating virus in a vaccine has no effect on cells, this testing procedure would obviously be ineffective.

When the gay experiments ended in 1981, HIV was already in the nation’s blood supply. And there was no way to test for it. Within a year, the disease was no longer confined to male homosexuals. It was clearly an STD that could also be transmitted by body fluids and by blood transfusion. In 1982 the first AIDS cases in blood transfusion recipients and hemophiliacs were recorded.

So why were gay men the only sexually-active Americans originally infected with HIV? In my view, the most likely explanation is the vaccine was contaminated with an SIV that escaped detection during the long and dangerous manufacturing process, which included repeated safety test in chimpanzees. An alternate explanation is that a laboratory-derived SIV was introduced deliberately as a genocidal agent against gay people that would eventually spread to the “general population.” In other words, a covert Guatemala-type STD experiment using gays as guinea pigs.

Sometimes, despite great care in the manufacturing process, a virus will slip through and wreak havoc. Such was the case with Cutter Laboratories in Berkeley, California, in 1957 with their polio vaccine that was accidentally contaminated with a live, virulent polio virus. The result was 200,000 infected people. Seventy thousand people became ill; 200 were permanently paralyzed; and 10 died, according to Offit’s “The Cutter Incident” (2005).

Once HIV was seeded into gays, it could easily spread sexually and through body fluids. A decade before the epidemic, in a lab accident involving green monkeys in 1967, a highly dangerous simian hemorrhagic virus infected 31 workers in a vaccine facility in Marburg, Germany, resulting in 7 deaths. In several instances, the virus was transferred to sexual partners. Four cases were acquired by hospital personnel caring for victims. Infection in these instances most probably was incurred through contact with the patients’ blood (Luby and Sanders, 1969).

Since 1984, gay men have been excluded from donating blood. This policy includes any man who has had sex with another man since 1977. This was the year Hilleman began work on his vaccine made from pooled blood. This also is the “accepted” year when HIV first entered the nation’s blood supply, although the source of this SIV has never been determined. However, the most likely source was close by- in primates held in laboratories and primate centers. Or in African blood samples, like those stored at the CDC.

THE MAN-MADE ORIGIN OF AIDS

There is a great deal of evidence pointing to AIDS as a man-made disease on the Internet, but the theory is routinely pooh-poohed as paranoia and conspiracy theory. See the Wikipedia page entitled ‘Discredited AIDS origin theories.’ However, it is fact that there was fear concerning the safety of the hepatitis B vaccine. When the commercial vaccine made by Abbott Laboratories became available to the public, it was unpopular. Many health professionals refused the vaccine because it was made from pooled gay blood; and they were afraid the vaccine could transmit AIDS. As a result, a new vaccine was eventually engineered using yeast cells instead of human blood.

Every African-American has heard the rumor that AIDS was engineered to kill off the black race. Thirty percent of blacks in New York City polled by The New York Times (October 29, 1990) actually believed that AIDS might be an ethno-specific bio-weapon designed in a laboratory to wipe them out.

George W Merck, president of Merck during World War 2, was America’s biological weapons industry director. According to Leonard Horowitz’s, New York University Medical Center was listed among the top biological weapons contracting labs by 1969. The NY Blood Center is affiliated with NYUMC. In 1971 a large part of the Army’s biological warfare unit at Fort Detrick was transferred over to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) by president Richard Nixon. As a result, bio-warfare experimentation went under cover at the NCI, which is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

As noted, Goodfield mentions that the NIH made part of the hep B vaccine used on gays, and contamination was suspected. In his later years, Hilleman himself wrote extensive articles on biological warfare, convinced that vaccines could be developed to protect people against bioterrorism.

In the Spring of 1986, Robert Strecker, was promoting his view of AIDS as a “bio-attack” against humanity. He briefly received negative media attention in TIME magazine (‘Infectious propaganda’, November 17, 1986). When I asked how it was possible for AIDS to start as a purely gay disease, when such an event was biologically improbable, he told me: “Because they put it there. Do you recall the hepatitis B vaccine trials in gay men? That’s where the virus was introduced.”

After a quarter century of study, Strecker’s explanation still makes more sense to me that any other theory of AIDS origin. Ridiculous stories like “Patient Zero” and a handful of suspected “old cases” of so-called AIDS from the 1950s and 60s were sensationalized by the media in an attempt to show that AIDS existed long before the actual epidemic. Indeed, very rare cases of Kaposi’s sarcoma (“gay cancer”) and pneumocystis pneumonia have always existed, but never in epidemic form, nor as an STD. In my view, these reports reeked of misinformation and disinformation; and they served to obfuscate the real origin connected to government experiments conducted on gay men.

Despite my intense interest in this, I have discovered over the past three decades that most people are not interested in AIDS and where it came from. The idea of man-made AIDS, I suspect, is simply too painful for people to consider. In essence, the subject is taboo. However, it seems to me that after 25 million AIDS deaths worldwide, and over 500,000 dead Americans, that some better explanation is required than merely blaming a “species jumping” monkey virus in the African jungle-or gay sex.

This was most evident in April, 2008, when the outspoken Reverend Jeremiah Wright accused the government of inventing the AIDS virus as a genocide program against people of color. As the spiritual advisor to Barack Obama, Wright almost derailed Obama’s run for the presidency. The future president quickly disassociated himself from his former pastor, and the accusation was quickly squelched by the major media without discussion. Wright had read Horowitz’s book on man-made AIDS, “Emerging Viruses: AIDS and Ebola” (1996). He had carefully studied the infamous Tuskegee syphilis study, and he bluntly told the media. “I believe our government is capable of doing anything.”

The rumor that AIDS is a man-made disease will never go away. The reason is simple: It is the most logical explanation of how and why the AIDS epidemic first erupted as the “gay plague” among the most hated minority in America.

————–

Alan Cantwell, MD, writes frequently about the origin of AIDS. He is the author of “AIDS & the Doctors of Death” and “Queer Blood”; both published by Aries Rising Press, PO Box 29532, Los Angeles, CA 90029. His books are available from Amazon.com and through ariesrisingpress.com

SOURCE

Revealed miracles and Divine protection in Manhattan on 9/11

Revealed miracles and Divine protection in Manhattan

By Eytan Kobre

Ten years ago this Sunday, Muslim terrorists rained death and destruction of unparalleled magnitude on an unsuspecting America at New York’s Twin Towers and the Pentagon outside Washington. And while so many first responders gave their lives in their attempts to save others, one group witnessed a succession of open miracles — and no losses. A decade later, the leaders of Hatzolah, an EMT group whose members are comprised entirely of Orthodox Jewish volunteers, relive the Divine Providence of that horrifying day, which they didn’t believe they’d survive

http://www.JewishWorldReview.com | I arrive at Hatzolah’s Flatbush headquarters on a brightly sunny August day so very much like the morning of September 11, 2001. I’ve always felt that that day of horror, now seared into the collective consciousness of humanity simply as “9/11,” was somehow made all the more terrifying by the serenely pleasant morning into which it burst with maniacal intensity.

I’m here to listen to some prominent Hatzolah members share their recollections of 9/11 for the tenth anniversary coverage of that tragedy of tragedies — but I fail. Because as I sit across from Heshy Jacob, Hatzolah’s indomitable president, it quickly becomes clear I’ve gotten it all wrong: For Heshy, as for Hatzolah CEO Rabbi Dovid Cohen and board member Zelig Gitelis, who joined our conversation, there are no 9/11 “anniversaries,” tenth or otherwise. They — like the 185 other Hatzolah members who spent September 11, 2001, in downtown Manhattan — relive those frightening hours every day of their lives.

Before sitting down to talk, Heshy insists that we listen to the first few minutes of the tapes of the Hatzolah dispatcher receiving the initial frantic reports of the attack from the field, sending every possible unit speeding toward the Twin Towers. It’s a deeply surreal experience to sit there, knowing how events would unfold, hearing human beings trying to comprehend the incomprehensible. The eight or so of us packed into that tiny room, riveted to that recording, are listening to a world that was just minutes away from losing its pre-9/11 innocence forever.

With that bracing introduction, Heshy frames the conversation to follow: “This isn’t a story about Jacob, or Cohen, or Gitelis, or about any of the 185 or so Hatzolah members who were there that day. You know what it’s about? About a year and a half ago I was asked to speak at an NCSY event on the subject of ‘Are miracles seen in this generation?’ And the answer I gave was an emphatic ‘Yes.’

“This is a story,” Heshy continues, “about how the Ribono shel Olam [Master of the Universe] preformed nissim v’nifla’os [miracles and wonders]for us on that day to the point that at the end of the day, when the head of the Emergency Medical Service [EMS] system, Chief Robert McCracken, asked Itzy Stern, ‘How many guys did you lose?’ Itzy didn’t want to tell him how many we lost, because we hadn’t lost any, and they had lost hundreds. So he began describing a broken leg here, a broken arm there. Chief McCracken interrupted him: ‘No, I mean how many died?’ So Itzy sheepishly said, ‘None.’ The chief thought for a moment and said, ‘Tomorrow I’m staying with you. It’s evident G-d was with you today.'”

I look at Heshy and he’s not here, he’s there, in that place, as he continues in a voice thick with emotion: “For ten years I’ve walked around wondering, ‘Why?’ We were in the Towers, we were close on all sides, so why did the Master of the Universe do that miracle for us openly? And I believe the answer is because we all came b’achdus [unity of purpose].”

Heshy says this was the message of the dispatcher’s tape. “You heard where they came from: Boro Park, Flatbush, Williamsburg, Crown Heights, Upper East Side, West Side, Lower East Side, Riverdale, Canarsie, Queens … Every single neighborhood came for one reason: because Jews and other people needed them. So the story here is that if Klal Yisrael [Jewry] is unified, we would also be able to see miracles in many other places.”

He pauses, a sob caught in his throat.

Heshy Jacob is a doer, a leader, made in the tough-on-the-outside, soft-on-the-inside mold. His role as Hatzolah’s president is a volunteer one — he’s been a member since 1968, about a year after its founding. A former Wall Street trader, his current “day job” is that of managing the East River co-ops. One might call Heshy, whose roots in New York’s oldest Jewish neighborhood go back over a century, “Mr. East Side.” So when he begins to cry, it might catch you by surprise. But then, a lot of grown men cried on 9/11.

“I was at the Vista Hotel ? and when I got down there, there were exactly two fire trucks, an FDNY ambulance, Naftoli Solomon’s ambulance, and ours on the scene. What did the Master of the Universe do? As I came down Vesey Street, I saw those two buses [i.e., ambulances] were on the left, so G-t hot geholfen [G0d helped] and I made a right and parked by the telephone building. Had I made a left, I would have been under the building. So the Eibeshter One Above openly guided our decisions. It’s not for nothing that Rabbi Reuven Feinstein ruled for us that a member who was there that day, and hasn’t gone by the site for thirty days, is obligated” to recite a special blessing said when one passes a place where a miracle was preformed for him.

EVERY CAR CRUSHED

Zelig Gitelis takes his cue, beginning in the matter-of-fact tone of the veteran paramedic that he is, one who in his decades of Hatzolah work had seen it all — until that day. “Driving in from Flatbush, I came out of the Battery Tunnel, south of the Towers. That’s where the Brooklyn members were stationed. We had five buses lined up there. The Upper and Lower East Siders and Riverdale stayed on the west side near the Vista Hotel, and Queens and Williamsburg were to the east, on Broadway and Church. So we surrounded the buildings from all sides.

FREE SUBSCRIPTION TO INFLUENTIAL NEWSLETTER

Every weekday JewishWorldReview.com publishes what many in the media and Washington consider “must-reading”. HUNDREDS of columnists and cartoonists regularly appear. Sign up for the daily update. It’s free. Just click here.

“As I entered the tunnel the second plane hit, and when I came out of the tunnel I had to zigzag between body parts and airplane parts, because after the first building, the North Tower, was hit, people started jumping, nebach, right away. I drove to what we thought was going to be the staging area to wait for the wounded, but even though we were lined up neatly, Chief McCracken came over to us and asked: ‘Can you guys move one block further south?’ They wanted to set up the space we were in, on the corner of Liberty Street and South End Avenue facing the South Tower, as a triage area, where, in a mass casualty situation, the wounded get tagged and those who have the best chance of survival get treated and transported first.

“Fortunately, we all listened and moved all our ambulances further south onto South End Avenue; it was one of those days where nobody said ‘Who are you to tell me what to do?’ That spot, where we were originally, is where the building fell and every car that was left in that area was crushed. So had we not moved, that would’ve been our fate, too.”

I ask whether the field hospital-like triage areas that EMS had set up were ultimately used for that purpose. Zelig’s reply is a shocker: “EMS felt the hospitals were going to be overwhelmed, so they set up triage centers — essentially field hospitals — one on the north side, at one of the piers on 17th Street, and another on the south side at one of the ferry terminals, which is where I was. All the EMTs were to be on one side with the less critically wounded, and all the doctors and paramedics on the other side with the critical patients. We thought we’d be treating patients there for hours. Never happened — not one single patient. The few patients they had, they were able to take to area hospitals. At the hospitals, they were waiting outside expecting to get massive numbers of wounded, which we never delivered to them.”

Heshy adds: “The few people I had were people with some debris in their eyes, some cuts, some minor abrasions, because those who got out of the buildings were only hit by debris, and those who didn’t get out were dead.”

In total, of course, Hatzolah members, as the primary first responders on the south and west sides of the World Trade Center, ended up treating hundreds of wounded persons. According to Rabbi Mechel Handler, Chevra Hatzolah’s executive director, just between the attack on the North Tower at 8:46 a.m. and the South Tower’s collapse at 9:59, the twenty-four Hatzolah ambulances at the scene transported close to 140 patients to area hospitals, each loaded up with four to six victims, many with severe burns. Its members also took the lead in evacuating over a thousand people onto various boats that took them across the river to Jersey City.

HOLDING HANDS
Zelig shares an episode of personal salvation: “I was together with a group of other Hatzolah members across West Street from the Towers. All of a sudden, we heard the rumble of the South Tower — which was hit second but fell first — starting to come down. Remember, nobody in their wildest dreams thought it would implode downward; everyone thought that, at most, the upper section would topple over on its side. So we all ran like crazy. We ran into a parking garage, because it was the easiest thing to get into. But when the building fell, the opening filled up with debris and closed off the exit, and all the other doors were sealed shut, so there was now no way to get out.”

Heshy interjects: “I must tell you that when that announcement came over the transmitter — I didn’t even know Zelig was in there — ‘We have fifteen members trapped in the garage,’ the thought that came to my mind was ‘My goodness, I’ve got to go home tonight and tell fifteen women that they’re widows.'”

Zelig continues: “There were about ten members with me and about a dozen other people whom we found there. They were in there for quite a while, until they finally decided either they were all going to get out or they were all going to be trapped there. So we decided we’d all hold hands. There was absolutely no light and we couldn’t see a thing, so the only way to make sure we didn’t leave anyone behind was by agreeing to all hold hands together.”

Heshy Jacob had used that word, “together,” in describing Hatzolah members’ headlong rush to the Twin Towers, and now Zelig had too, in speaking of their escape from the jaws of death. They’d come together from every direction to save others, and now, one short hour later, they were clasping hands together, this time to save themselves.

The entire group went up and down the stairs that way until they found one exit they were able to force open. When they emerged from the building, he says, “It was really like one of these descriptions of the morning after a nuclear war and, you know, you think you’re the only people alive. We didn’t see anybody else, just white dust all over.”

When the South Tower collapsed, says Heshy, “the first thing that came to my mind then was Plague of Darkness [of the Exodus story], because the darkness was felt with your hands, it was so dark from the dirt, and I said to myself, ‘My goodness gracious, are we going to live through this?’ Even if you saved yourself physically, if you opened your mouth, you got concrete and asbestos dust in, so that you couldn’t get a breath into your mouth. By that time we had run out of water, and there was a Poland Spring delivery truck there that the guy abandoned, so I said, ‘Guys, it’s ownerless, get the water, empty the truck out,’ and they did.”

At one point, Heshy recalls, he was frightened to see that suddenly, all the local utility company people jumped onto their trucks and started driving off. “I see Con Ed leaving,” he says, “so I stop one of them and ask him what’s going on. He says the main gas line ruptured and it’s going to explode under this entire part of Manhattan.” What they didn’t realize, however, was that because the gas was blowing out of the lines with such intense pressure, the flames couldn’t be sucked in to ignite the gas. So the feared huge explosion never happened, and instead the system eventually just shut down.

“I’VE LOST MY SON”
In an earlier telephone conversation with Heshy Jacob, he’d mentioned a story involving his son, Shalom, who’s also a Hatzolah member, and I ask him if he would mind sharing it. So he rewinds, back to the beginning of the day when he was one of the first ambulances on the scene: “At about 8:45 that morning, I was running late and was about to head down to an 8:30 minyan, when my son, who was on his way to work near Park Row, called me and said, ‘Dad, a plane hit the World Trade Center.’ I envisioned a little Piper Cub, and figured, ‘Okay, so it went in.’ But I then looked out the window, from which you can see — you could have seen — the Twin Towers and I saw the smoke. I came downstairs and met my in-law, Chaim Lazar, who said to me jokingly, ‘Heshy, you go downtown and I’ll take care of the East Side.

I headed down East Broadway in the ES-2 ambulance, driven by Davey Weinberger, and in a few short minutes, we were on Vesey Street, where we could see Mayor Guliani standing at West Broadway gazing at the inferno atop the North Tower. A call came in of an unconscious man in front of J&R Music World on Park Row. I ran to Park Row, and it turned out that somebody had fainted, and there was another lady with severe cuts and wounds. We put them in the back of my bus and took them up to Beth Israel. We unloaded the patients, and with First Avenue totally empty, we were back at the World Trade Center before the second plane hit.

“When it did, I turned around and I saw the jet fuel of the plane come down as a river of fire. That’s why they couldn’t find anyone, because they were incinerated. Thousands of gallons of burning fuel fell to the ground and every fireman, every policeman that was under there.? The mistake they made was that they set up their command center on the plaza between the two towers — how were they supposed to know a second tower would be hit? — so when the second plane hit they were all vaporized.”

Zelig interjects: “I gotta tell you, I was with a member who’s in the construction business and he told me right away, ‘Zelig, that building’s gonna collapse.’ And this was way before it collapsed, a half hour in advance.”

Heshy picks up the story thread: “When the building came down, we realized how bad it was, because we saw the plume of smoke and dust and dirt coming towards us. So I told the driver, Davey Weinberger, ‘Move the bus.’ But we only went about twenty feet, because we couldn’t see an inch in front of us, and we were afraid we’d drive into pedestrians or crash into the back of a fire truck. We stopped the ambulance and I bent my head down, like they used to tell you to do in an attack. But then I said to myself, ‘Why are you bending your head down? If this building comes down we’re dead anyway, so sit straight, they’ll find you better.’ For the next seven or eight minutes, there was virtually no visibility, you saw nothing.

“As it started to clear up a little, I remembered that my son was down there, much closer to the buildings than I was, and I was struck with the horrible realization: I’ve lost my son. I didn’t know where he was. At that very moment, the frantic voice of Naftoli Solomon from the East Side-3 ambulance came crackling over the airwaves: ‘I’m buried alive, I’m buried alive!‘ So over the bus radio I said, ‘Naftoli, we’re going to find you.’

But at that moment, I started thinking about where my son was, and I remembered a story told about Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman, who was walking in the street with both a disciple and his son, when a menacing dog ran toward them, and Rabbi Elchonon grabbed his son. Somehow they got away, and when he came home, Rabi Elchonon started to cry, Why didn’t I grab my disciple?’ So I said to myself: ‘Here I am thinking of my son, but Naftoli Solomon is buried alive.‘ I asked the Master of the Universe to forgive me, and just then Naftoli’s voice came over the air: ‘I got out!’ He had been buried under soft debris.”

Heshy shares Naftoli Solomon’s later comment. He said that when he was screaming, “I’m buried alive,” and Heshy answered him, “Naftoli, we’ll find you,” Naftoli thought to himself, “Here I am already in the World of Truth, and all I’m hearing is Heshy Jacob — he’s in charge up here too?!”

“At that moment,”
Heshy continues, “I’ll tell you what I did, I promised a thousand dollars to charity if I find my son. Twenty minutes later, I found him — he’d driven away through the thick plume as the South Tower came down. As a young guy he didn’t care, he just drove in the dark! I ran up to him and I kissed him and hugged him and I exclaimed, ‘You know, I just gave a thousand dollars to charity to find you.’ He said to me, ‘Dad, that’s all I’m worth? You didn’t give ten thousand dollars? Only a thousand you gave?’ Laughing through my tears, I said, ‘Shalom, I didn’t know you were alive, here I was thinking a few moments ago that I was gonna have to go home tonight and tell your wife and kids you’re gone.'”

Pointing to a picture of an ambulance coated in white ash and surrounded completely by mountains of metal, bricks, and glass, Heshy explains that this is the retrieved East Side-3 bus that was first on the scene.

“This will give you an idea,” he says. “Someplace under this debris, Naftoli was trapped when he ran out of the ambulance. See the windshield? Had he stayed inside, what would have happened to him? He would have been dead. Normally, you would think the best place to stay would be inside the vehicle, but there’s a hole where a boulder came right through the front window. There was a similar incident, where a Hatzolah member was standing talking to a fireman sitting in his truck. When the building came down, the member dove down on the floor next to the tire, and after the debris finished raining down, he got up. But unfortunately, a brick went through the front window of the fire truck and the firefighter was killed.”

SAVED BY THE STARTER

Nothing better exemplifies the truth of the concept of Divine Providence than stories like these and others that emerged from this day, in which each individual met his own tailor-made fate. Heshy tells the story of his son-in-law, Yitz Klug, also a Hatzolah member, who worked for the Securities and Exchange Commission at 9 World Trade Center. On his way to work that morning, Yitz saw a Williamsburg ambulance making its way down to the scene, and he opted to clamber aboard the ambulance rather than go in to work. They loaded up seven or eight walking wounded with cuts and bruises and broken arms, and took them to Beekman Hospital.

After unloading their patients, they got back into the ambulance for the return trip. No such luck: the brand-new ambulance wouldn’t start. For fifteen minutes they kept trying to start it, and finally the engine turned over. Ten seconds after they pulled out of the bay, the North Tower came down. Had the bus started right up, it would have been under the building when it came down.

“So is that a miracle?” Heshy asks rhetorically. “Yeah. In other words, the Master of the Universe said to the bus, ‘You sit still, you’re not going anywhere.’ So everybody on that ambulance was saved because it didn’t want to start.”

Were there changes to Hatzolah’s operating procedures based on the impact of those experiences?

Hatzolah members have undergone training with Israel’s national ambulance corps, Magen David Adom. Several classes were held in the Flatbush center, and a hundred members traveled to Israel for additional sessions. Rabbi Cohen, whose current role as Hatzolah’s CEO follows a long career in Jewish communal leadership, observes that “not everything is a mass casualty scene; we have many midsize calamities. We had an incident a couple years ago here in Flatbush where a large group of schoolgirls fell down a grate. Within five minutes, we had fifteen ambulances there between Boro Park and Flatbush, and forty or fifty members — but the important thing was that we had coordination. The coordinators from the two areas took over and it was orderly. Any member who didn’t need to be there was kindly asked to leave.”

CROWN OF KINDNESS
Hatzolah has grown from being an idea in the mind of one Williamsburg Jew, Hershel Weber, into the largest volunteer ambulance corps in the world, one that has a save rate — the percentage of cardiac arrest victims who are brought into a hospital with a heart rhythm — of over 14 percent, as compared with a general New York City rate of less than 1 percent.

SOURCE